Religious Perspectives On Euthanasia

Muslims are against Euthanasia. They believe that all human life is sacred because it is given by Allah, and that Allah chooses how long each person will live. It is believed that human beings should not interfere in this. 
" When their time comes they cannot delay it for a single hour nor can they bring it forward by a single hour"- Qur'an 16:61

Most buddhists are against involuntary Euthanasia as they believe it demonstrates that ones mind is in a bad state, through physical suffering which is then allowed to cause mental suffering. Buddhism is a complex religion, that when dealing with Euthanasia there are numerous aspects considered before determining if it is acceptable or unacceptable. They believe that meditation and the proper use of pain killing drugs should enable a person to attain a state where they are not in mental pain, therefore no longer contemplate euthanasia or suicide. They regard death as a transition, thus the deceased person will be reborn to a new life, whose quality will be the result of their Karma. From this theory, shortening life interferes with the result of Karma, and alters the Karmic balance.

The roman catholic church regards Euthanasia as morally wrong. It has always taught the absolute value of the commandment "Shall not Kill". 
" Euthanasia is a grave violation of the law of god, since it is the deliberate and morally unacceptable killing of a human person"- Pope John Paul the second, Evangelium Vitae, 1995. 
The Church regards any law permitting Euthanasia as an unjust law. Life is a thing of value in itself, meaning suffering and pain do not stop life being valuable and are not reason for ending life. Te roman church believe that all people should enter the dying process with all its mysteries, with trust in god and in solidarity; they should die with the dignity of letting themselves be. Therefore it is believed that each human like is a manifestation of God in the world and a trace of his glory. 

Majority of hindus believe that a doctor should not accept a patients appeal for Euthanasia since this will cause the soul and body to be separated at an unnatural  time. The result will damage the Karma of both doctor and patient. Other Hindus believe that Euthanasia cannot be allowed, s it breached the teaching of ahimsa (doing no harm). In addition, some hindus also say that helping to end a painful like of a person is preferring a good deed and so fulfilling their moral obligations. These two views suggest that keeping a person artificially alive on a life-support machine would also be a bad thing to do. However, the use of a life-suport machine as part of a temporary attempt at healing would not be a bad thing.

"...The message of Judaism is that one just struggle until the last breath of life until the last moment, one has to live and rejoice and give thanks to the creator"- Dr. Rachamim Melamed-Cohen, Jewsweek, March, 2002.
The Jewish tradition regards the human life as one of its supreme moral values and forbids doing anything that might shorten life. Jewish law and tradition regard life as sacred , and say that it is wrong for anyone to shorten a humans life. This is because our lives are not ours to dispose of as we feel like. Thus, Jewish law forbids Active Euthanasia and regards it as murder. There are no expectations to this rule and it makes to difference if the person concerned wants to die. 

Next Page: Further Readings