Emergent Literacy Design

                                                Emergent Literacy Design: The Bounce Of B: The b Of Bat And Ball  
                                        Sophie Simantel

Rationale: The lesson will aid students in identifying /b/, the phoneme represented by B.    Students will learn to recognize /b/ by the visual representation of the letter b resembling a ball hitting the bat. Children will practice finding /b/ in words and apply phoneme awareness by deciphering between the beginning and ending letters of one syllable words. 

Materials: primary paper and pencils; chart with tongue tickler “Ben bumped the bat on the baseball”; print-outs of bat and ball (link under references), crayons, The Berenstains’ B Book (HarperCollins Children’s Books, 1983); teacher list to read aloud of phoneme awareness words: BAND or SAND, CAB or CAT, BAM or RAM, BUG or DUG, CRAB or CRAM, BITE or KITE, SUB or SUD. Assessment worksheet (link under references).

Procedure: 1. Say: Today we are going to learn how to read the letter b! There are many words with the letter b so it is important we know what it looks like and how to say it. The lower case b looks like a ball hitting a baseball bat and a capital B looks like butterfly or bee wings. (Draw a lower and upper case b to show the visual representation).

2. We are going to start out practicing how to say /b/. Everyone say /b/. Notice that you put your lips together tight (point to lips) and fill your mouth with air then open and release the air by pushing the air out and vibrate vocal cords as you open your mouth.

3. Let me show you how to find the /b/ in crab. I am going to stretch the word out really far and watch for my lips to touch together and let out air with a deep buuh sound.  Crrrr-aaaa-b. One more time Crrrrr-aaaaa-b. I felt it! My lips touched and let out big air at the end letter b! Everyone say crrrr-aaaaa-b.

4. It’s time for a tongue twister! (on chart) Repeat after me: “Ben bumped the bat on the baseball.”  Again! Now let’s say the /b/ louder by breaking it off the word. /b/en /b/umped the /b/at on the /b/ase/b/all. This time we are going to swing our hands like we are swinging a baseball bat every time we hear the /b/. /b/ (swing)en /b/(swing)umped the /b/(swing)at on the /b/(swing)ase /b/(swing)all.

5. (pass out primary paper and pencil) You are now going to practice writing /b/ with capital B and lower case b. Again, Capital B looks like butterfly or bee wings and lower case b looks like a bat hitting a ball (demonstrate on board). Lower case b starts at the rooftop comes down to the sidewalk and back up to the fence and around to the right back down to the sidewalk for a half circle. Write 3 lowercase b’s. After I check it practice by drawing 6 more.

6. (call on students to answer and swing the bat when they hear the /b/.) Do you hear /b/ in BAND or SAND?, CAB or CAT?, BAM or RAM?, BUG or DUG?, CRAB or CRAM?, BITE or KITE?, SUB or SUD?.

7. This book is all about the B! Berenstains’ B Book includes many words with the letter b for /b/. Let’s find out what happens in this funny story when a bear, bull, and baboon meet new people! Raise your hand if you can think of a word with the letter b for /b/. (call on students for examples) Now let’s see what words these bears in the book came up with, swing that bat every time you hear the /b/! (read book)

8. I am going to show you how to read the word baby. /b/ aaaa /b/ eeee. I put my lips together and release a big air of buuuhh twice in that word. (write words on the board. Some with b and some with d. call on students to come read the word)

9. (pass out print outs of bat and ball and crayons) Here is the bat and ball that looks like the lower case letter b! I want you to color the bat and ball and outline the letter b with a crayon. Then write at least 5 words that start with the letter b around the bat and all.

10. Evaluation (pass out the worksheet) Students trace letter b and color pictures that start with letter b. Turn in.

References: King George Chicago Speech Therapy. (20120. How to Teach the B sound by Chicago Speech Therapy. http://www.chicagospeechtherapy.com/how-to-teach-the-b-sound-by-chicago-speech-therapy/

Adapted from: Murray, Bruce. Emergent Literacy Design: Brush Your Teeth with F. http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/murrayel.html

Berenstain, Stan & Jan. Berenstains’ B Book. HarperCollins Children’s Books. 1983.  

Print-out sheet: http://www.coloring.ws/t.a++sp?b=m&t=http://www.coloring.ws/sports/baseball/baseball.gif

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