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Childhood Maltreatment

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Searching Google for "childhood maltreatment" found 377,000 references: 

Child abuse - Wikipedia 
The terms child abuse and child maltreatment are often used interchangeably"  
My overall summary
    This Wikipedia article discusses the phenomenon of child abuse without considering either its neurology or its endocrinology.  *


Child sexual abuse - Wikipedia 

    My overall summary
    This Wikipedia article discusses the phenomenon of child sexual abuse without considering either its neurology or its endocrinology. 

Searching PubMed for "childhood maltreatment" found 1644 references: 

Searching PubMed for "amygdala hippcoampus connectivity" revealed 341 references which rose to 354 while I was reviewing them. 

2013    168<354 
Resting-state functional connectivity in adults with childhood emotional maltreatment. 
We found that CEM has a profound effect on RSFC in the limbic network and the salience network. Regions that show aberrant connectivity are related to episodic memory encoding, retrieval and self-processing operations."  
    379 Similar articles
    11 Cited by's

2013    163<354     
Free PMC Article   
Childhood maltreatment is associated with altered fear circuitry and increased internalizing symptoms by late adolescence.       
    from the Abstract
Maltreatment may alter the activation of fear circuitry, but little is known about its impact on the connectivity of this circuitry in adolescence and whether such brain changes actually lead to internalizing symptoms."  
    148 Similar articles
    34 Cited by's
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?linkname=pubmed_pubmed_citedin&from_uid=24191026        from the full length article 
Using resting-state functional brain connectivity in adolescents, we show that maltreatment predicts lower prefrontal–hippocampal connectivity in females and males but lower prefrontal–amygdala connectivity only in females. Altered connectivity, in turn, mediated the development of internalizing symptoms."  

2015    33<354 
Long-term consequences of childhood maltreatment: Altered amygdala functional connectivity.   
The maltreated group exhibited greater activation than comparison participants in the prefrontal cortex and basal ganglia. In addition, maltreated adults showed increased amygdala connectivity with the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. The results suggest that the intense early stress of childhood maltreatment is associated with lasting alterations to frontolimbic circuitry. "  
    94 Similar articles
    0 Cited by's

Childhood Maltreatment
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