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Social Studies early childhood gap:
  •   Data were extracted from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS, 2002), a national sample of more than 20,000 kindergartners and first-graders. Fifty-one social studies and science test items were combined into a general knowledge test. This test was individually administered to each child with no reading required. General Knowledge Test scores were analyzed at two points in time: fall of kindergarten and spring of first grade. Wide racial-ethnic and very small gender differences were observed. Special attention was given to the fact that black children scored significantly lower on the General Knowledge Test in the first two years of school as compared with other racial-ethnic groups. The Spearman correlation coefficient was 0.80 between scores in kindergarten and the end of the first grade, showing little change for low-, middle-, or high-achieving children. Starting from kindergarten, social studies and science achievement gaps are a serious problem (Chapin, 2006)
  •  By limiting or eliminating social studies from elementary education, many argue that we are setting children up for academic failure. Without early exposure to social studies-related content and skills-global awareness, financial and civil literacy, information and media literacy, critical thinking, problem solving, communication, collaboration, historic reasoning and spatial reasoning-pupils in middle and high school would likely lack knowledge and vocabulary necessary for success in history classes. Overall reading and comprehension skills would tend to be put at risk as well.  According to Roller, particularly children in grades K-4 who are not exposed to social studies education are not gaining essential vocabulary, conceptual and world knowledge. Without the content background about government, economy or geography, by the time students get to middle school, they don't understand what they are reading when presented with social studies. "It's extremely shortsighted not to teach social studies in K4," Roller says. (Zamosky, 2008)
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