Fishing
in the Great Smoky Mountain Park and Surrounding Areas
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There are nearly 500 miles of fishable streams in the Smokies, from the upper prongs of Forney Creek at over 4,000 feet to the mouth of Abrams Creek, where it spills into Chilhowee Lake at less than 900 feet. Brook trout are the only native trout, but after the logging days of the late 19th and early 20th century, both brook and brown trout were stocked. Now, these three species, along with smallmouth bass in the lowest streams, thrive here.

For first timers, the Smoky Mountains fishing experience can be frustrating. Heavy vegetation grows around and over cold streams dotted with slick rocks. Fly fishermen can't find room to back cast. Stream banks are thick with rhododendron. The valleys are nearly always cool deep in the mountains. Then there's the other side of the picture - tall yellow birch trees looming over clear water as it flows over mossy boulders into a dark green pool, where a shadowy figure darts up from the deep, attacking your presentation.

Fly fishermen do not have the market cornered here; anglers with spinning rods can actually have an easier time casting the mostly forested waters of this park. Both fly and spin anglers can be found along roadsides - there is plenty of roadside fishing. However, a better experience is out there. The best fishing adventures in the Smokies are away from the roads. There are simply too many streams accessible by trail not to enjoy the one-two punch of angling for your favorite fish in a pristine mountain setting, minus the cars.

Five Great Smoky Fishing Adventures

Cades Cove

The Horseshoe
Upper Abrams Creek, which flows out of the wide valley of Cades Cove, is a favorite stream with locals. A specific section, known as"The Horsehoe," is accessible via the Abrams Falls Trail. Abrams is one of the park's biggest streams, minimizing overhead vegetation. This is rainbow trout country. The rocks are notoriously slick, but the scenery is very rewarding as the creek leaves the trail and loops around a steep ridge cloaked in pine and mountain laurel. Start fishing The Horseshoe in the morning as it takes all day to get around it.

Elkmont

Little River/Fish Camp Prong
The Little River is another of the Smokies largest streams. It offers roadside fishing, but anglers will best be served by hiking a couple of miles up the Little River Trail, where Little River and Fish Camp Prong come together. Both medium sized streams offer quality angling for both rainbow and brown trout in a cathedral-like forest. Grizzled Appalachian trouters consider the upper Little River to be some of the most scenic angling settings around.

Cosby/Greenbrier

Porters Creek
Porters Creek is better known for its spring wildflower displays than angling opportunities. This valley is exceptionally beautiful in spring, and continues to hold its own after that. The Porter's Creek Trail makes for ideal access on this rainbow trout stream that is surprisingly little-fished. The are numerous drop pools that let anglers test their skill on these wary trout.

Fontana Lake Area

Hazel Creek
Hazel Creek has been lauded in sporting magazines for a century and it doesn't disappoint. Accessible by boat at its mouth, anglers can take a shuttle from Fontana Marina. The headwaters can be reached by a long hike from Clingmans Dome. Either way, big browns and rainbows, along with brook trout in the headwaters, await determined fishermen. Stream size ranges from large by the lake to small along its headwaters and feeder prongs. Just about any angling experience that can be had in the Smokies can be had on this stream. Consider camping overnight at one of the many backcountry campsites set along the creek.

Cataloochee/Smokemont

Cataloochee Creek
Cataloochee Creek is the primary stream of the remote Cataloochee Valley. Open fields and old homesites make this stream and many of its feeder branches easier to fish than your average Smoky Mountain waterway. Rainbow and brown trout are the main catches, though smallmouth bass are rumored to be below the campground. Palmer Creek and Caldwell Fork are the most rewarding feeder branches to fish.

Fishing Outfitters
Little River Outfitters, located in Townsend, Tennessee, offer guided fly fishing trips in the Smokies. These are wading day trips, though they do outfit for overnight trips in the park. The experienced guides specialize in all three prongs of the Little River and Abrams Creek, though they will go to other locales on special outings. They also offer a beginner fly fishing school as well as advanced casting. But whether you are a beginner or a veteran trouter, these folks will put you on productive waters year-round. They can be reached at (865) 448-9459. Fontana Marina offers shuttle rides to streams flowing into Fontana Lake. They can be reached at (828) 498-2211, ext. 277.