Dasavatharam--The Real Interpretation
 

DASA-the hidden layers
Dasavatharam is a brilliant and bold effort which talks about
the physics of Karma,Chaos theory and cycle of life.
I came across across Dr.Kamal Hassan's words about Dasa on the internet:
"This theory is under the skin of the film and
you will find little veins, tissues and muscles,every layer of it. One is the chaos theory - we are all connected to everyone in the world.
None of our acts will be without effects. One act will collide with another.
It is like what you learnt in physics - where one object crashes into another
object and produces something else. This is basically our sensibilities, insensibilities, crime, disregard for society and good deeds.
In religion, it is called good karma. It all comes around because
there is some physics to it but we are not talking about it in bombastic terms as people will come for entertainment and will understand it in the process".

So I decided to do some research on these topics and finally came up
with the following,

In simple terms,let me explain what chaos theory is:
Consider this example:
A man Mr.A is sleeping inside his car which is parked in the parking
lot of a big shop.
Suddenly another man Mr.B wakes him up nd asks for 25 cents.
Mr.A runs his hand through his pockets (for say few secs less than a
minute and gives him the coin).
Mr.B thanks him and walks towards the shop and suddenly notices a
driver, trying to back off his car
is just about to hit another car(near the entrance of the shop) which
is stationary.
So he shouts"hey..hey ..stop the car" and saves the two cars from any
damage.
Now,if Mr.A had said"Sorry I dont have any change" to Mr.B,then B
would have probably gone to another
person to ask for money and the accident could have been unavoidable .
So A was in a way reponsible to the change in life patterns of B and
the owners of the 2 cars.
This is chaos theory.

Dasa talks about this chaos theory by showing how different characters
are responsible for the change in life patern of scientist Govind and goes a step further by showing how Govind is reponsible for the change in life patterns of these characters (For instance Avtaar singh is cured of cancer because of Fletcher who comes into picture because of govind.If not for them, he would have undergone the operation and would have never been able to sing for the rest of his life.
Similarly Khalifulla khan and the other 200 people wouldnt have been
alive if they were not asked to stay in the mosque for investigation regarding govind's case).
All this has been beautifully captured in the movie.So there is no question of unwanted extra roles or anything of that sort.All the 10 characters are well etched and very important!!

Next, Dasa also talks about the physics of Karma.
What exactly is it?
Example:
You are watching a boxing match.
Both are deadly fighters.You are thoroughly entertained while watching
10 rounds of gory violence. Then few days later you see two of your very close friends fighting over an issue.
The fight goes to the next level where they start hitting each other
with say cricket bats.
This is violence too.But you can definitely not find it entertaining this
time. Your instinct would be to stop the fight.

This shows that you ARE bound to experience something equal and
opposite (as in physics)to what
you experience now , either immediately,or in the near future.
What if you suddenly get to die before experiencing the effects of your
action?
Well,Thats where life cycle comes in and you will experience the
effect in your next birth.
This is what Karma is about.
You have the free will to do what you want.But the effects are bound
to follow you.


Dasavatharam deals with this brilliantly.
Assuming Govind is the rebirth of Nambi, they are totally the opposites.
Nambi dies having faith in god,but Govind is an atheist.
So it balances the so called Karma equation.
This also applies to asin(though the other way round)
12th century asin is ready to give up her belief in Lord Vishnu for
the sake of her husband. But andal is a stonch believer in god who always tries to safeguard the statue.

The Tsunami can be thought of as the butterfly effect of the statue
that was drowned in the 12th century,
or a natural occurence that resulted in a miracle by saving millions
of lives or whatever.
But it also imples that it made govind and andal reunite in front of the same statue where they were seperated 800 years back!!

Finally, Dasavatharam says life is nothing but a cycle.You are bound
to experience the effects of your actions either now, or in the future,or in your next birth.
You are provided with the free will to do what you want with your current
life.
But your actions will not only affect you but also the peolpe around
you resulting in a buttefly effect which might lead to unbelievable consequences in
some part of the world.
You have to experience the effects for what you have caused.
Until then life keeps repeating like a cycle.
Phew!!

More On Dasavatharam And ETC...!!!!!!


Too many doubts about correlation of the movie, Chaos theory and
Butterfly Effect have come into Picture....!!!

Let me come 2 one aspect....

The movie clearly states about Chaos Theory and Butterfly Effect
[Kamal says it in his Speech in the Movie ]

The concept of "CHAOS THEORY" and "BUTTERFLY EFFECT", by itself is a
complex concept, which mainly highlights the happening of huge
unimaginable things because of least probable things...!!!!

Dasa although deals with these concept, but does not necessarily
confuse anyone with it,,,, As i said earlier, its mainly "YOU"... that
plays a factor in how the movie gets along with "YOU".

You have got to be Case 1 or Case 2 as i have said earlier in this
entry,,, No use being Half Baked.....!!!!

To just brief about these Concepts,

Q: What is a Chaotic System ?
A: Basically a chaotic system is one wherein long term predictions are
impossible.Like for example,if I push a car, I know that it is going
to move and it will continue to do so if I go on pushing it on and
on.However,in a chaotic system,this situation cannot be predicted over
a long period of time.
Weather for example is a chaotic system.No matter how good your
instruments are,you simply cannot predict the weather with 100%
accuracy over a long term basis and forecast it.

Q: What is the Butterfly Effect ?
A: It is the most important component of a chaotic
system.Basically,small perturbations results in amplifications which
completely destroys the original nature of the system and makes
prediction impossible.
If a butterfly flaps its wings in Africa,it could result in a cyclone
in USA.(Mark the word COULD).A highly dumbed down explanation of the
butterfly effect is in the film Anniyan,where Vikram's sister dies
because a liquor shop owner sells liquor on a dry day.




Q: OK, how does Dasa incorporate it ?
A: In essence,Dasa talks about 8 characters who are inconsequential as
such,but are integrated in a larger picture.Without Bush,the plane
would have been called back.Without Shinghen, Govind would be
dead.Without the tsunami,the world would have been destroyed.Even
Krishnaveni Patti plays a very important role.If she had not put the
vial in the idol,maybe Govind would have recovered it then and there
and a powerful weapon would have been unleashed.The very fact that it
went into the idol meant that it was being accelerated to its
destiny.Without Kaifulla Khan, Govind would have never escaped;the
list simply goes on.

Q:OK,so does the film talk about theism or atheism?
A:Neither.It talks about how humans drive the destiny of the world.


MOREEEEEEEE....!!!!!!!!!!


CHAOS THEORY

In mathematics, chaos theory describes the behavior of certain
dynamical systems - that is, systems whose state evolves with time -
that may exhibit dynamics that are highly sensitive to initial
conditions (popularly referred to as the butterfly effect). As a
result of this sensitivity, which manifests itself as an exponential
growth of perturbations in the initial conditions, the behavior of
chaotic systems appears to be random. This happens even though these
systems are deterministic, meaning that their future dynamics are
fully defined by their initial conditions, with no random elements
involved. This behavior is known as deterministic chaos, or simply
chaos.


Chaotic behaviour is also observed in natural systems, such as the
weather. This may be explained by a chaos-theoretical analysis of a
mathematical model of such a system, embodying the laws of physics
that are relevant for the natural system.



BUTTERFLY EFFECT

The phrase refers to the idea that a butterfly's wings might create
tiny changes in the atmosphere that may ultimately alter the path of a
tornado or delay, accelerate or even prevent the occurrence of a
tornado in a certain location. The flapping wing represents a small
change in the initial condition of the system, which causes a chain of
events leading to large-scale alterations of events. Had the butterfly
not flapped its wings, the trajectory of the system might have been
vastly different. Of course the butterfly cannot literally cause a
tornado. The kinetic energy in a tornado is enormously larger than the
energy in the turbulence of a butterfly. The kinetic energy
of a tornado is ultimately provided by the sun and the butterfly can
only influence certain details of weather events in a chaotic manner.



Recurrence, the approximate return of a system towards its initial conditions, together with sensitive dependence on initial conditions are the two main ingredients for chaotic motion. They have the practical consequence of making complex systems, such as the weather,
difficult to predict past a certain time range (approximately a week
in the case of weather).
The movie does Show " A Butterfly " flying accross the screen after
the Tsunami Attcck, clearly indicating that the Tsunami is an Outcome
of " The Butterfly effect ".


ALSOOOOOOO........


I said that the butterfly COULD cause a hurricane.That's a huge
probability. Would be a negligible probability. NOT a huge one. if
that were true, we would have cyclones on an hourly basis as
butterflies keep flitting all over Africa and u don't have so many
cyclones to account for a HUGE probability.
Chaos,relativity and quantum mechanics are so damn weird that you will
think I am talking metaphysics and pseudoscience.

Like for example,according to quantum mechanics,there is a finite
probability that you will fall right through a solid chair.And it is a
PROBABILITY.
Even 10 to the power -26 is finite :-) .

But yes, Quantum Mechanics does allow for weird situations.


THE CONNECTION !!!!!


Guys check this link for a clear and complete explanation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaos_theory
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly_effect

In the above links u can see that butterfly's wings might create tiny
changes in the atmosphere that may ultimately alter the path of a
tornado or delay, accelerate or even prevent the occurrence of a
tornado in a certain location..

So in dasavatharam that idol thrown into sea in 12th century is the
cause for tsunami.... so everything is interlinked .The wiki entry
also says that chaos could play an important role in plate techtonics.
Which means even the 12th century incident is connected.

The 1st scene is perfectly connected to the climax, remember what
Kamal says in the 1st scene, that he will not say "Om Nama Shivaya" ,
but Asin tells him to chant it , but still Kamal refuses , ( in this
kamal in his story tries to tell that ) Nambi believes in his god more
than anything, but Asin feels "Its ok if we change the god or chant
other god's name, its life thats most important." Now if u see the
climax its JUST OPPOSITE.... Kamal doesn't believe in god much and
values lives of people the most.... but Asin deeply believes in god
and that too this dialogue comes when both Asin and Kamal's hand is on
the god which came from the sea , and it also means that they are
getting united from the place they departed hundreds of years back (
Kamal and Asin).The connection between the 1st scene and the climax in
the movie shows the generation circle combined with supernatural
powers of GOD and destiny.....!!!



If you watch it closely u can also find another actor who has done
double action other than Asin and Kamal.
Asin's father Sahasranamam [12th Century], in the beginning he says to
Nambi "Panchatchira manthirathai sollitu vaango mappillai" and at the
End [After tsunami] he says "Avar enna jathiyo inga vaanga paati ".
Another Eg. of Chaos Theory and circle of life.

JUST IMAGINE THE CHAOS THEORY IN A TAMIL FILM ??
WILL ANYONE HAVE THE GUTS TO HANDLE THIS KIND OF A SUBJECT IN A TAMIL FILM?

ONLY KAMAL HAS THE GUTS.... U ROCK!!


FURTHER-------------


Nambi explanation

Okay, this is slightly outside the chaotic system driving the film as
a whole.From what I could gather he says that this story is about
ideologies like God,the madness surrounding such ideologies and
decides to tell the story of the Shaivite-Vaishnavite conflict to show
how people go crazy in the name of God as an example.

As a loose end,it gets tied up in the end,when the Ranganathar idol is
thrown out of the sea due to the tsunami which highlights the cyclic
nature of life.Actually the Nambi character highlights both Chaos and
Karma which I explained.That is the brilliance of this film,there is
so much to see and understand.

Another explanation(and this is slightly far fetched--- as explained
earlier) is that Govind is in fact the reincaranation of Nambi. As
Nambi he couldn't protect God and died in the name of God.In order to
fulfill his Karma,he is reincarnated as Govind Ramasamy who ultimately
saves the world from destruction.The idol in the end somewhat hints to
this theory; his story began with the idol and it ends with the idol.
As far as the connection with Nambi character and events in 12th Century
goes...
The connection is based on the "Butterfly effect ".

When Govind and Andal goes to the bury the idol in the sands, Andal
will stumble on a particular stone couple of times...This is the same
stone as the one from 12th Century hen Kothai rips her Thaali and
flings it at Kulothunga Chozan...it will end up hanging on the stone.
So, the implied message here is Andal is Kothai reborn in the 21s
century.
During the encounter with Santhana Bharathi in the sand quarry, it is
repeat of the incident from 12th century. Instead of Kulothunga
Chozhan, it is the Sand Mafia which tries to inflict damage on the
land.
This movie is a brilliant juxtaposition of independent characters
whose paths cross, if only briefly, which is stunning example of Chaos
Theory.

The idol that is drowned in the sea along with Rangarajan in 12th
century by Chozha king results in a fault being developed at the
bottom of the ocean and creates tremors more than 800 years later.
These tremors result in the Tsunami. This again is a classic case of
Butterfly Effect wherein a seemingly inconcsequential event (the
drowing of the idol) saves Tamil Nadu from being wiped out off the
face of the earth.

But actually kamal has not left anything for our imagination...
Explanation struck the right chord, Kamal does tell to Asin in a
dialogue that idol which gets sunken back then gets struck between the
tectonic plates under the sea and causes tsunami...
Many people missed this dialogue i guess. Kamal's accent was so very
perfect Tamil, that many people missed it.... Being perfect Is a
Problem by Itself !!! :)

Although the explanation is a least possible theory, that is what
"Chaos Theory" And "Butterfly Effect" are all about.
Its not just the statue that caused the tsunami, but it just started a
large chain of effects which kept multiplying exponentially and
finally lead to it after 800 years....!!
Why just say this concept is perfectly illogical... it is possible...
thats what i have been explaining all the while !!!

The story line is that things going wrong are made to be right which
involves many people and countries knowingly or unknowingly.

Knowingly:

-Bush, Manmohan Singh, Govindh, Fletcher, Balaram Naidu, Mallika Sherawath.

Unknowingly:

-Nambi's drowning to death with the heavy statue causes simple changes
to the seabed that causes a devastating tsunami 800 years later [Acc.
to Chaos theory it is possible.... although it is least probable... It
is possible.. so nothing TOTALLY WRONG About it ]
-Poovaragan(actually saved kamal unknowingly---when poovaragan enters
kamal and asin were caught by those manal kollayargal.There poovaragan
distracts the gang helping kamal to escape),
- Avatar Singh(gave way to Fletcher to escape in the airport unknowingly),
- Japanese(saved govind from fletcher,he knows he is saving but he
doesnt know about the play and was there only for revenge),
- Kallifulla and family(saved govind unknowingly)........
-Vincent is a dalit leader of a lower caste( the so called ) but saved
an Iyengar Girl ......and at the end becomes the con of the Iyengar
Paati !!
- If Shingen Narahashi's sister was not killed, Fletcher could have
killed govind and used the virus for wrong purpose..

This is based on Chaos Theory..!!!!!

It is marvellous that Aandavar Kamal has used such a device in
Abhoorva Saghodhararghal, way back in 1989. To kill Delhi Ganesh, for
those of you who do not remember... yet another Eg. of Chaos Theory
And butterfly Effect !

The plot concept of Dasavadhaaram is logically explained by a machine
used by Him in His own screenplay back then too, before 20 Years!! Be
it a coincidence, or He possibly had that in mind as an inspiration,
it amazes me!!