Bibliography

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  1. Douglas W. Sandord, "A Comparative Data Base Approach to Chesapeake Slave Housing:
    Strength in Numbers and the Search for Patterned Diversity," in (presented at the Annual Conference of the Society for Historical Archaeology, York, England, 2005).
  2. James O Breeden, Advice Among Masters: The Ideal in Slave Management in the Old South (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980).  
  3. Gregg D Kimball, "African-Virginians and the Vernacular Building Tradition in Richmond
    City, 1790-1860," in Perspectives in vernacular architecture, IV (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1991), 121-129.  
  4. Gregg Kimball, American city, southern place : a cultural history of antebellum Richmond (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000).  
  5. Carl Lounsbury and Colonial Williamsburg Foundation., An illustrated glossary of early southern architecture and landscape (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994).  
  6. William Kelso and Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, Inc., Archaeology at Monticello : artifacts of everyday life in the plantation community ([Charlottesville Va.]: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 1997).  
  7. Edward Chappel and Vanessa E Patrick, "Architecture, Archaeology, and Slavery in the Early Chesapeake," in (presented at the Annual Conference of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Richmond, VA, 1991).
  8. Eric Klingelhoffer, "Aspects of Early Afro-American Material Culture: Artifacts from the
    Slave Quarters at Garrison Plantation, Maryland," Historical Archaeology 21, no. 2 (1987): 112-119.  
  9. Drew Gilpin Faust et al., Before Freedom Came: African-American Life in the Antebellum South: To Accompany an Exhibition Organized by the Museum of the Confederacy, 1st ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991).  
  10. David R. Goldfield, "Black Life in Old South Cities," in Before Freedom Came: African American Life in the Antebellum South (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991), 123-153.  
  11. Michael L Nicholls, "Building the Virginia Southside: A Note on Architecture and Society in
    the Eighteenth Century," unpublished.
  12. Fraser D. Neiman, "Changing Agricultural and Social Landscapes at Monticello: An
    Archaeological Perspective," in (presented at the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture conference, Glasgow, Scotland).
  13. Lawrence McKee, "Delineating Ethnicity from the Garbage of Early Virginians: The Faunal
    Remains from the Kingsmill Plantation Slave Quarters," American Archaeology 6, no. 1 (1987): 31-39.  
  14. Jillian E Galle and Amy L Young, Engendering African American Archaeology: A Southern Perspective, 1st ed. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004).  
  15. Jillian E Galle and Amy L Young, Engendering African American Archaeology: A Southern Perspective, 1st ed. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004).  
  16. Annmarie Adams et al., Exploring Everyday Landscapes, 1st ed. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997).  
  17. Garrett Randall Fesler, From Houses to Homes: An Archaeological Case Study of Household Formation at the Utopia Slave Quarter, Ca. 1675 to 1775 
  18. George McDaniel, Hearth & home, preserving a people's culture (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982).  
  19. Barbara Heath, Hidden lives : the archaeology of slave life at Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest(Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999).  
  20. Theresa Singleton, "I, too, am America" : archaeological studies of African-American life (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999).  
  21. Grey Gundaker and Tynes Cowan, Keep Your Head to the Sky: Interpreting African American Home Ground(Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1998).  
  22. William Kelso, Kingsmill plantations, 1619-1800 : archaeology of country life in colonial Virginia (Orlando: Academic Press, 1984).  
  23. Garrett Fessler, "Living Arrangements among Enslaved Women and Men at an Early-
    Eighteenth-Century Virginia Quartering Site," in Engendering African American Archaeology, A Southern Perspective (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004), 177-236.  
  24. Ria Berline, Many Thousands Gone: the first two centuries of slavery in North America (Cambrige, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998).  
  25. Theodore Reinhart, Material culture, social relations, and spatial organization on a colonial frontier : the Pope Site (44SN180), Southampton County, Virginia (Williamsburg Va.: Dept. of Anthropology College of William and Mary, 1987).  
  26. Douglas W. Sandord, ""Middle Range Theory and Plantation Archaeology: An Analysis of
    Domestic Slavery at Monticello, Albemarle County, Virginia, ca. 1770-1830," Quarterly Bulletin of the Archeological Society of Virginia 45, no. 1 (1991): 20-30.  
  27. Fraser D. Neiman, "Modeling Social Dynamics in Colonial and Ante-bellum Slave
    Architecture: Monticello in Historical Perspective," in (presented at the "Housing Slavery in the Age of Jefferson: Comparative Perspectives, Charlottesville, VA, 1998).
  28. William M. Kelso, "Mulberry Row: Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello," Archaeology 39, no. 5 (1986): 28-35.  
  29. Edward Chappel, "Museums and Slavery," in I, Too, Am America": Archaeological Studies of African-American Life, 1999.  
  30. Maria Franklin, Out of Site, Out of Mind: The Archaeology of an Enslaved Virginia
    Household, ca. 1740-1778
     (Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, 1997).  
  31. Thomas Carter and Vernacular Architecture Forum (U.S.), Perspectives in vernacular architecture, IV(Columbia: University of Missouri Press for the Vernacular Architecture Forum, 1991).  
  32. Gardiner Hallock, "Pisé Construction in Early Nineteenth-Century Virginia," Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture 11 (2002): 40-53.  
  33. Lawrence McKee, Plantation food supply in nineteeth-century tidewater Virginia, 1988.  
  34. Bernard L. Herman, "Slave and Servant Housing in Charleston, 1770-1820," Historical Archaeology 33, no. 3 (1999): 88-101.  
  35. Philip Morgan and Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture., Slave counterpoint : Black culture in the eighteenth-century Chesapeake and Lowcountry (Chapel HIll: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture Williamsburg Virginia by the University of North Carolina Press, 1998).  
  36. Edward Chappel, "Slave Housing," Fresh Advices: A Research Supplement, no. November (1982): 1-4.  
  37. Bernard L. Herman, "Slave Quarters in Virginia: The Persona Behind Historic Artifacts," in The Scope of Historical Archaeology: Essays in Honor of John Cotter (Laboratory of Anthropology, Temple University, 1984), 253-283.  
  38. Barbara Heath, "Space and Place within Plantation Quarters in Virginia, 1700-1825," in (presented at the Society for Historical Archaeology annual meeting, Williamsburg, Virginia, 2007).
  39. Michael L Nicholls, "'Strangers Setting Among Us': The Sources and Challenge of the Urban
    Free Black Population of Early Virginia," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 108, no. 2 (2000): 155-179.  
  40. Dennis Pogue and Esther C. White, "Summary Report on the 'House for Families' Slave Quarter Site
    (44FX762/40-47), Mount Vernon Plantation, Mount Vernon, Virginia," Archeological Society of Virginia Quarterly Bulletin 46, no. 4 (1991): 189-206.  
  41. Patricia Samford, "The Archaeology of African-American Slavery and Material Culture," William and Mary Quarterly 53, no. 1 (1995): 87-114.  
  42. Douglas Sanford, The archaeology of plantation slavery at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello : context and process in an American slave society, 1995.  
  43. Douglas W. Sandord, "The Archaeology of Plantation Slavery in Piedmont Virginia: Context
    and Process," in The Historic Chesapeake (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994), 115-130.  
  44. Theodore Reinhart, The Archaeology of Shirley Plantation (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1984).  
  45. William M. Kelso, "The Archaeology of Slave Life at Thomas Jefferson's Monticello: 'A
    Wolf by the Ears'," Journal of New World Archaeology 6, no. 4 (1986): 5-20.  
  46. Theresa Singleton, The Archaeology of slavery and plantation life (Orlando: Academic Press, 1985).  
  47. Carl Anthony, "The Big House and Slave Quarter," Landscape 20: 8-19, 21.  
  48. Dennis Pogue, "The Domestic Architecture of Slavery at George Washington's Mount
    Vernon," Winterthur Portfolio 37, no. 1 (2002): 3-22.  
  49. Bernard L. Herman, "The Embedded Landscape of the Charleston Single House, 1780-1820," in Exploring Everyday Landscapes (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997), 41-57.  
  50. Clifton Ellis, "The Mansion House at Berry Hill Plantation: Architecture and the
    Changing Nature of Slavery in Antebellum Virginia," Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture 13, no. 1 (2006): 22-48.  
  51. Susan Kern, "The Material World of the Jeffersons at Shadwell," The William and Mary Quarterly 62, no. 2 (2005): 231-242.  
  52. John Cotter and Temple University., The Scope of historical archaeology : essays in honor of John L. Cotter (Philadelphia Pa.: Laboratory of Anthropology Temple University, 1984).  
  53. Allan Kulikoff and Institute of Early American History and Culture (Williamsburg, Va.), Tobacco and slaves : the development of southern cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800 (Chapel HIll: Published for the Institute of Early American History and Culture Williamsburg Virginia by the University of North Carolina Press, 1986).  
  54. Jillian Galle and Fraser D. Neiman, "Toward Regional Consensus: The Digital Archaeological Archive of
    Chesapeake Slavery," in (presented at the Society for American Archaeology, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2002).
  55. Ywone Edwards-Ingram, "'Trash' Revisited: A Comparative Approach to Historical Descriptions
    and Archaeological Analyses of Slave Houses and Yards," in Keep Your Head to the Sky, Interpreting African American Home Ground (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia), 245-271.  
  56. Claudia Dale Goldin, Urban Slavery in the American South, 1820-1860: A Quantitative History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976).  
  57. Calder Loth and Virginia., Virginia landmarks of Black history : sites on the Virginia landmarks register and the National register of historic places (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1995).  
  58. Orlando Ridout, "Wye Hundred: A Statistical Reconstruction of Slave Population and
    Housing," in (presented at the Housing Slavery in the Age of Jefferson: Comparative Perspectives conference, Charlottesville, VA, 1998).