Project Staff

Douglas W. Sanford (University of Mary Washington) is an archaeologist by training and he has participated in the excavation of a variety of slave related structures at Monticello, as well as directed the excavation of slave houses at Stratford Hall, the 18th-century plantation of the Lees of Virginia. The artifact collection from one of the Stratford Hall sites is included in DAACS. Dr. Sanford's dissertation focuses on interpreting the archaeological findings relating to slave life at Monticello, and most recently he has analyzed a data base of more than 300 Virginia slave structures spanning the period 1796-1865 that are included in the records of the Richmond-based Mutual Assurance Society.

Dennis J. Pogue (Historic Mount Vernon) is an archaeologist who has conducted extensive research and published widely pertaining to slave life at Mount Vernon. He directed the excavation of the "House for Families," the principal slave quarter at the Mount Vernon Mansion House Farm, as well as tested the sites of the plantation's outlying quarters. The artifact collection from the House for Families is included in DAACS. Dr. Pogue is a co-director of the NEH-funded collaborative project, "A Comparative Archaeological Study of Colonial Chesapeake Culture," that will be completed by December 2005.

Willie Graham (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation) is the Curator of Architecture and has been at the forefront of that organization's many initiatives to research and then interpret aspects of early Virginia architecture. He was a member of the team that researched, designed, and installed the award winning Carter's Grove slave quarter complex. He is one of the leaders in the effort to develop the Database of Early Chesapeake Architecture.

Andrea Livi Smith (University of Mary Washington) serves as the Director of the Center for Historic Preservation at UMW. Trained as an urban planner as well as preservationist and architectural historian, Dr. Smith has focused her research on the intersection of urban design, transportation, and preservation. Her other interests include the integration of new technologies in preservation, environmental psychology, preservation pedagogy, and the history and reuse of industrial resources. Dr, Smith will serve as technical advisor for creating the project data base and website interface.

Carter L. Hudgins (University of Mary Washington) is a historian who also has training in historical archaeology; his primary research interest is the American Colonial era. He directed the excavation of Corotoman, the early 18th century plantation of Robert "King" Carter, and has published extensively on Carter and Corotoman, and on the "gentrification" of American society that occurred over the span of the 17th and 18th centuries. Dr. Hudgins will oversee historical research relating to specific houses selected for investigation, as well as participate in overall project planning and implementation.

Fraser D. Neiman is the Director of Archaeology at Monticello, where over the last decade he has directed excavations at various sites related to slave activities and occupations. He is the Director of DAACS, the highly successful online data base relating to Chesapeake slavery. Dr. Neiman will help coordinate the current project with DAACS, and will be instrumental in developing the protocols and systems relating to the project data base.

Gary Stanton (University of Mary Washington) is a folklorist with a long-standing interest in American colonial and antebellum slavery. He is a past officer of the Vernacular Architecture Forum, and has extensive field experience in architectural survey and in recording buildings. Dr. Stanton compiled the Mutual Assurance Society data base, among others, and has made them available on the University of Mary Washington web page. Dr. Stanton will participate in the process of establishing recording procedures and selecting the buildings to be documented, and he will direct the effort to create the online data base.

Project Consultants

Philip D. Morgan (Princeton University), is the author of the award winning book, Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry. In addition to advising on all aspects of the project, Dr. Morgan will provide particular guidance in identifying documentary references and studied relating to slave housing.

Louis Nelson (University of Virginia) is an architectural historian with extensive experience in studying vernacular buildings in Virginia, South Carolina, and Jamaica. Dr. Nelson will provide special guidance in developing field recording methods and protocols.

Barbara Heath (Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest) is an archaeologist with a long-term interest in Chesapeake and Caribbean slavery. She has directed excavations at several slave quarter sites at Poplar Forest and is the author of the book, Hidden Lives: The Archaeology of Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest. Dr. Heath will provide special guidance in compiling archaeological data on Virginia slave quarter sites.