Radio Station KK2WUSA

KK2W Previously: N2VPI

Steven J Wamback
9130 Brown Rd
Angola NY 14006

Email:  Show KK2W's email address




  KK2W Former N2VPI from 1993 until February 26, 2008




  QSL 100%... Please QSL. Thank You!


Thank you so much for visiting my listing

I love amateur radio and have found considerable peace and comfort in it over the years... Ever since listening to shortwave broadcasts on the old Hallicrafters and building my first 75 watt Crystal- Controlled CW transmitter as a 14 year old Novice WN2IDG way back in the early 1970s.


The magic and wonder of radio has fascinated me since those nights of scrambling for crystals and pounding out CW replies to CQs from nearby states and later from around the world.


After getting away from radio awhile (school, jobs, Girls, college, Girls,career, marriage, building a home, raising children), it was my pleasure to return as N2VPI in 1993. Another hiatus due to some financial difficulties from 2000 until recently (October 2007) kept me off the air again for awhile. Please KNOW that our QSO is deeply and personally meaningful and well appreciated. I hope to see you again soon on the air. In February 2008, I upgraded to Amateur Extra Class and obtained my new callsign KK2W.


I do not see QSL cards as mere trophies, but as fond Mementos of our radio meeting and I dearly treasure them and the memories they evoke. I save your beautiful envelopes and stamps from around the world in my QSL albums. Your card, our acquaintence, and our QSO are deeply appreciated and fondly remembered.


Thank you so much for making radio contact with me and for visiting this page. It has been my pleasure and honor to meet you and I am looking forward to meeting you on the air again real soon. I will be listening for YOU. My sincere best wishes for your good health and happiness... BEST DX and 73s TU DE KK2W (EX N2VPI), At Your Service, Steve





Radio: A Tool For Observing Our Universe


Radio Contacts As Scientific Data

by Steve Wamback, KK2W


 To the uninformed observer, radio communications contacts between distant stations may appear to be nothing more than phone calls... Party-A communicating with Party-B via electronic equipment, waves, wires, and sattelites.  But when one begins to understand and appreciate the diverse nature of radio wave propagation through the Earth and through Space, it becomes apparent that a radio contact is much more than just a mere product of human technology. 


Radio is a harnessing of NATURAL phenomena by a human-made TOOL, much the same way that a microscope or a telescope harnesses light energy to make observations about the natural world such as an array of living organisms thriving in a drop of pond water or stars twinkling in some distant galaxy.


Because radios operate at variable, but measurable and controllable, frequencies and wavelength bands, they are ideal tools for observing and measuring the ways that their output signals are propagated through space; and they can tell us new things about that space and the objects that occur in it.  Hence, Radio becomes not only a mere means of two-way communication; but Radio also becomes a useful and practical tool for observing and measuring our Universe.


Thus, a well-kept Radio Station Logbook becomes much more than just a list of transmissions and contacts satisfying some legal documentation requirement.  The Radio Log becomes one of the most intrinsically valuable and economically expensive resources in all of Science... DATA.  It is the analysis and comparison of these collected and recorded data that lead us to new discoveries, new questions, new answers, and new technologies.  Good reliable data are the "meat and potatoes" of Science which feed it, nourish it, and keep it alive for the next generation to pursue.





Radio Waves And Astronomy 

by Steve Wamback, KK2W


Just as Optical Astronomy uses light waves and their physical properties to study astronomical objects and phenomena, Radio Astronomy is a means of studying astronomical objects and phenomena via the use of some form of Radio Frequency (RF) Energy or by using electromagnetic waves from the RF portion of the Electromagnetic Spectrum.  


In the broadest sense, Radio Astronomy might include the passive use of radio signal receiving equipment to detect and to listen to the RF signals emitted by naturally occurring objects either in outer space or from outer space such as the rhythmic beat of pulsars in distant portions of our galaxy, the "hissing" of our Sun, or the "ping" of meteors passing through our Earth's atmosphere.  


A more "active" application of Radio Astronomy principles might include the directed transmission of radio signals followed by the reception of the reflected, refracted, enhanced, or attenuated signals returned from those space objects.  One such application is the use of the Moon to bounce radio signals back to distant portions of the Earth.



In the case of Meteor Scatter radio wave propagation, radio signals are reflected by the ionized trails of meteors entering our atmosphere followed by the subsequent reception of those signals at receivers at various locations on or near the earth.  In addition to studying the radio phenomena associated with meteors, 2-way communication is often possible as a direct effect of the reflection of radio waves by the ionized trail left my meteors as they enter and are consumed by our atmosphere. 


Like mini Ionospheres, these meteor trails can propagate radio signals between distant points on the Earth for durations of milliseconds to several minutes.  We contend further that other sky wave and ionospheric propagation modes are enhanced during certain peak meteor events.


It is the contention and major hypothesis of the authors of this page that Meteor Scatter Radio Wave Propagation occurs at frequencies that are much lower than previously thought and that radio signal propagation is even MORE enhanced in the HF (High Frequency) and possibly even LOWER frequency portions of the Electromagnetic Spectrum.


This brings us momentarily back down to Earth where VLF (Very Low Frequency) radio frequencies have been used to study the Earth itself and have detected such phenomena as "whistlers" and the sounds of lightning strikes passing through large portions of the earth.  


Some of our future research will focus on meteor scatter radio wave propagation in these lower frequency (very long wavelength) portions of the Electromagnetic Spectrum and comparison to meteor scatter propagation in the higher frequency ranges.


Finally, the use of Very Large Arrays of radio telescopes, which have traditionally been used to listen to Pulsars and other natural deep space radio phenomena, may also prove useful in our ongoing attempts to determine whether any beings apart from those of us here on Earth are capable of using Radio Waves in ways that we might be able to detect here on Earth.  Even though much of it escapes us at the present time, The Truth IS Out There!   




Coming Soon:

Radio Waves And Geology:

Steve Wamback, KK2W


Sedimentary Geology


And The Daily Influx of Meteors:


Radio Communication is more affected by meteor influx and ionization than has been previously recognized.




All types of Geophysical exploration....
Notes & Correspondence:
Dear Bob  
I just did a Google search to quickly grab a number for:
"average daily mass of meteors striking earth"
This article on "Accretion of Mass" turned up first on Google.
This web site and these articles explain a lot of our theories...
Including our very basic tenet that:
Radio communication is more affected
by meteor influx and ionization
than previously recognized.
I just keep reading and re-reading to see how much sinks in. 
This article also shows where the North pole came from!
(It also explains SOME of the magnetic metal "pannings" in my rain gutters.)
These ideas really answer your geology question too...
An aspect of Sedimentary Geology I had not considered before.
But your brain works way better than mine, Bob. 
Hope you enjoy these links.  Looking forward to
hearing & posting all of your comments.
This is cool!         Steve KK2W
PS: (Daily Influx of Meteors: Estimates range from 200 tons to 1000
tons or more each day but hey have no real good number for this yet.)
Please forward this to others who might be interested. Thanks!
I am going to join 
and subscribe to their newsletters.


About The Author:


Having graduated from The State University of New York College at Fredonia, NewYork with degrees in both the Geological and Biological Sciences, Steven J.Wamback has worked as a biologist, geologist, and environmental scientist on various projects within the realms of hazardous waste site remediation; wetlands identification, delineation, and mapping; groundwater exploration and protection; natural resource conservation; technical project writing and editing; and public education. He is looking forward to future projects and opportunities in Public Service and in conserving and protecting natural environmental resources, land, water, wetlands, fish, and wildlife.  Steve finds himself at home with his family in Angola, New York on the shores of Lake Erie and enjoys fossil hunting and amateur radio when time permits.






Researchers Use Radio Waves to

"See" Through Walls

By Phil Berardelli
ScienceNOW Daily News
15 October 2009

Researchers have discovered that an array of radio transceivers--devices that send and receive signals--can track people's movements behind walls. Possible uses include detecting people trapped in burning buildings, controlling lighting or heating and cooling systems as people enter or exit rooms, and spotting burglars or enemy soldiers.

The technology is based on the fact that human beings absorb radio waves. The phenomenon is called multipath fading, and it causes the sudden static on an AM radio in a room where people are moving around.

Electrical engineer Neal Patwari of the University of Utah in Salt Lake City had been working on ways to overcome multipath fading when he decided to turn the problem on its head. Why not use fading for a different purpose: to locate someone or something moving? The advantage of radio waves is that, unlike visible light, they can be detected at night and in dust, smoke, or fog. Patwari and his team developed software that displays on a screen the approximate position of someone moving within a cordon of radio transceivers.

The experiments started in 2007, Patwari says, but the results were spotty because the team was "using clunky hardware and the system was not real time." But as doctoral student Joey Wilson and Patwari will report in an upcoming issue of Transactions on Mobile Computing, they were eventually able to create a prototype wireless network of pole-mounted, cell phone–sized transceivers that they tested outdoors and indoors. In both cases, the prototype system worked well and in real time. By measuring the radio-signal strength from all the transceivers while Wilson walked around inside the array, the system could calculate his location with an accuracy of about 1 meter.

One advantage of the transceiver array is that it could be set up and dismantled quickly, around a military encampment or burning house, for example. But a few bugs must be worked out before the system is ready for commercialization, Patwari says. For one thing, the prototype's frequency can be jammed, which might limit its usefulness for security systems. A solution might be to program the software to instantly switch frequencies if the signal is interrupted.

The research has yielded "an interesting way of taking a long-standing technical problem, creating a new type of technology using existing hardware, and applying it in ways that can help in emergencies," says electrical engineer Jeff Frolik of the University of Vermont, Burlington.


Thank You from Steve W...

Steve W...

KK2W At Your Service

Edison said that "Genius is 2% Inspiration and 98% Perspiration!" 
But I say, "Being soaking wet all of the time really sucks!"










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