Idu-Taraon

Idu-Taraon is definitely a Sino-Tibetan branch, although likely influenced by Greater Siangic, which could be an ancient linguistic area or perhaps even an separate language phylum altogether.

Similarities are shared with Nungish, rGyalrongic, Hruso-Miji, and Kho-Bwa, pointing to Idu-Taraon as being part of a wider linkage of Eastern Sino-Tibetan languages.

Layers:
  1. Eastern Sino-Tibetan independent branch
  2. Greater Siangic

List of reconstructions (Hsiu 2019)

Gloss *Idu-Taraon (Hsiu 2019)
moon *la
cloud *mu
wind *raŋ
rain *ra
water *m-tɕi
ice *pru
iron *si
stone *laŋ
fire *mru(n)
smoke *kʰu
year *nuŋ
day *ni
buffalo *m-dʑi
cattle, cow *k-ljaŋ
horse *m-roŋ
pig *b-li
dog *ku
tiger *mra
bear *hom
monkey *min
otter *ruŋ
chicken *tiu
bird *pra
bat *pun
fish *ŋa
snake *bu
spider *prau soŋ
flea *tsʰu ɣuŋ
louse *tsʰu
mosquito *ruŋ
leech, land *k-pi
wing *loŋ
feather *mu
tail *l-mum
wood, tree *m-suŋ
bamboo *lja
bean *m-bre
ginger *dʑin
fruit *rum
grass *re
seed *pre
root *x-ro
leaf *naŋ
flower *pe
body *tjaŋ
head *kru
hair *tʰoŋ
face *ȵa(ŋ)
eye *lom
nose *ȵa-bo
ear *kru-na
tooth *laŋ; *tia
tongue *li-na
hand *tjo
finger *bruŋ
nail, finger *a-hluŋ
back *plun
breast *ȵo bi
belly, stomach *k-poŋ
skin *ko
blood *rui
stomach, belly *jaŋ
heart *po
bile *mu
feces, excrement *kʰli
urine *tɕiŋ
pus *bu
human, person *me
child *a
son-in-law *mu
house *oŋ
door *k-loŋ
rice (grain) *ke
salt *pra
meat, flesh *breŋ
liquor *ju
bow *li
mortar *loŋ
comb *tsʰe
road *ljom
boat *peŋ
word *dzo
song *ɕeŋ
name *muŋ
dream *mo
shadow *tja
spirit *-ra
eat *tʰa, ha
drink *tjom
bite *tie, tʰu
blow *muŋ
smell (v.) *nuŋ
dig *wa
weave *tju
wash *num
hide *moŋ
steal *a-ku
laugh *m-ra
cry, weep *kra
know *k-sa
go *ba
swell, swollen *proŋ
die *ɕi
long *k-loŋ
thin *ba-a
near *ja
flat *ȵoŋ
soft *ȵim
white *ljo
black *maŋ
wet *pum
new *m-eŋ
old (things) *me
warm *loŋ
sour *xru
sweet *ɕu
bitter *kla
itch *m-so
one *kʰun
two *k-ni
three *k-suŋ
four *k-prəi
five *m-ŋa
six *t-xro
seven *ɣoŋ < *roŋ
eight *ljom
nine *k-ȵuŋ
ten *x-luŋ
hundred *m-lom
I (1.SG) *ŋa
thou (2.SG) *ȵo(ŋ)
he, she (3.SG) *tɕa
no, not; negative *mi
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