Anthropology & Culture

posted Mar 4, 2011, 8:39 AM by rajesh gk

Title

[A study of occupational asthma and specific IgE in sericulture workers]

[Article in Chinese]

Authors

Wang X, Zheng S, Zhang H.

Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, CAMS, Beijing.

Journal

Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 1994 Oct;16(5):323-7.

Abstract

Clinical investigation revealed that 75.6% (68/90) of sericulture workers examined had allergic respiratory symptoms. Of the 90 workers, 14 (15.6%) suffered from occupational asthma. Work-related allergens including silkworm cocoon (SC), silkworm urine (SU), moth excrete (ME) and moth scales (MS) were collected and prepared. Serum specific IgE levels were detected by ELISA. The results showed that the level of sIgE in asthmatic workers was significantly higher than that in the "common symptom" group, asymptomatic group and control group. No significant difference in total IgE was found between the workers and controls. The anti-SU-sIgE positive rate was significantly higher than those of sIgE to the other three allergens. These results indicate that the high levels of sIgE are responsible for occupational asthma in sericulture workers and that SU is an important allergen in these patients.

Citation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7720120 PMID: 7720120 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Title

A study of medico-social problems of the inmates of a leprosy colony in Mysore.

Authors

Vasundhra MK, Siddalingappa AS, Srinivasan BS.

Journal

Lepr India. 1983 Jul;55(3):553-9.

Abstract

A study of the inmates of a leprosy colony in Mysore revealed that there were more male cases and that the deformities were also more common among the male patients. There was no cases among inmates below 20 years of age group 31-50 years. 93.2% of the inmates were illiterate and 96.6% of the patients were ignorant of the cause, spread, prognosis of the disease and prevention of disabilities. This indicated an urgent need of health education among the leprosy patients and their families. All the inmates, including the apparently healthy relatives reported loss of income due to disease and disabilities. Rehabilitation of the inmates by raising poultry, breeding sheep and sericulture activities must be encouraged.

Citation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6656213 PMID: 6656213 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Title

[A case of hypersensitivity pneumonitis relation to sericulture (sericulturist's lung disease)]

[Article in Japanese]

Authors

Umegae Y, Matsui S, Irokawa M, Katakai S, Nakazawa T, Iizuka K, Miura S, Fueki R, Kobayashi S, Kitaichi M.

Journal

Nihon Kyobu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi. 1986 Jul;24(7):804-9.

Abstract

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3784179

Citation

PMID: 3784179 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Title

[On the cross-section between the population quality study and social anthropology through the analysis of marriage and mating area]

[Article in Japanese]

Authors

Shimizu H.

Journal

Jinko Mondai Kenkyu. 1980 Apr;(154):83-92.

Abstract

PIP: The trend in population qualtiy studies is to deal with the question as a composite of inherent qualities and acquired qualitites--social, economic, and cultural. The study of marriage and mating represents such a perspective. Marriages in 2 Japanese villages were compared in the sociocultural context. The mountain village X in Kochi Prefecture was engaged in the modest crop production using all cultivable land and dairy farming. The village experienced a declining population due to the rural-urban migration. The socioeconomic hierarchies in the community were weak. The typical household consisted of husband, wife, and 1 or 2 children; the status of women in the household was relatively high. Perpetuation of the family line was important to the villagers and it meant keeping their holding within the family. 83.5% married within the village; 27.5% married within their extended family which included their 1st cousins (13.2%). The 3 marriages were found to be of FaBrDa type. The mountain village Y in Yamagata Prefecture, in contrast, had a lower rate (11.0%) of intermarriage and no FaBrDa marriage. The mating area extended beyond the city limit. Average households consisted of extended families of direct descent. The status of women in households was relatively low. There existed also social hierarchies among the villagers which had originated in the prewar paternalistic landlord-retainer relationships. Their main industry consisted of rice cultivation and other crop production and sericulture.

Citation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12155098 PMID: 12155098 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Title

Agriculture in Gloria Land.

Authors

Pal M.

Journal

Ciba Found Symp. 1993;177:158-60; discussion 161-7.

Abstract

A farming system has been developed on the Gloria Land farm at the Sri Aurobindo Ashram that uses purely organic materials and achieves yields comparable with or better than those on conventional farms under similar agroclimatic conditions. The stimulus for the conversion to organic farming came from observations of the toxicity of chemical pesticides and their apparent ineffectiveness in reducing the impact of pests and diseases. On the Gloria Land farm, a carefully integrated mixture of activities includes crop growing, animal husbandry, fish rearing and sericulture. Sufficient organic waste is produced to fulfill at the needs of the farm's crops. Energy is partially supplied by biogas produced on the farm. This system is economically viable and ecologically sustainable.

Citation

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8149819 PMID: 8149819 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

 

Title

SERICULTURE IN ASIA MINOR.

Authors

Cochran W.

Journal

Science. 1892 Feb 5;19(470):79-80.

Abstract

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17756047

Not available

Citation

PMID: 17756047 [PubMed]

 

Title

Evidence that a West-East admixed population lived in the Tarim Basin as early as the early Bronze Age.

Authors

Li C, Li H, Cui Y, Xie C, Cai D, Li W, Mair VH, Xu Z, Zhang Q, Abuduresule I, Jin L, Zhu H, Zhou H.

Ancient DNA Laboratory, Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, PR China.

Journal

BMC Biol. 2010 Feb 17;8:15.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Tarim Basin, located on the ancient Silk Road, played a very important role in the history of human migration and cultural communications between the West and the East. However, both the exact period at which the relevant events occurred and the origins of the people in the area remain very obscure. In this paper, we present data from the analyses of both Y chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) derived from human remains excavated from the Xiaohe cemetery, the oldest archeological site with human remains discovered in the Tarim Basin thus far. RESULTS: Mitochondrial DNA analysis showed that the Xiaohe people carried both the East Eurasian haplogroup (C) and the West Eurasian haplogroups (H and K), whereas Y chromosomal DNA analysis revealed only the West Eurasian haplogroup R1a1a in the male individuals. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that the Xiaohe people were an admixture from populations originating from both the West and the East, implying that the Tarim Basin had been occupied by an admixed population since the early Bronze Age. To our knowledge, this is the earliest genetic evidence of an admixed population settled in the Tarim Basin.

Citation

PMID: 20163704 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]PMCID: PMC2838831 Free PMC Article

 

 

Title

Review: Funston, John (ed.) (2009), Divided Over Thaksin: Thailand’s Coup and Problematic Transition

Authors

Paul Chambers

Journal

Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, ISEAS. ISBN 978-981-230-961-7, 203 pages.

Abstract

Review of the edited volume: Funston, John (ed.) (2009), Divided Over Thaksin: Thailand’s Coup and Problematic Transition, Chiangmai: Silkworm Books, Singapore:

Citation

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