Complications and adverse outcomes




 Most common local complications and adverse outcomes (FDA) >>

• Asymmetry—when breasts are uneven in appearance in terms of size, shape, or breast level 
• Breast feeding difficulties 
• Breast pain 
• Breast sagging, also called “ptosis” 
• Calcium build-up in breast tissue, also called “calcification” 
• Capsular contracture—hardening of the breast area around the implant 
• Chest wall deformity—when the chest wall or underlying rib cage appears deformed 
• Deflation of the breast implant—when filler material leaks from the breast implant often due to a valve leak or a tear or       cut in the implant shell 
• Delayed wound healing 
• Extrusion—when the skin breaks down and the implant appears through the skin 
• Hematoma—collection of blood near the surgical site 
• Iatrogenic injury or damage—when new injury or damage occurs to the tissue or implant as a result of implant surgery 
• Implant displacement or malposition—when the implant is not in the correct position in the breast 
• Implant palpability or visibility—when the implant can be felt through the skin 
• Implant removal—with or without implant replacement 
• Implant visibility—when the implant can be seen through the skin 
• Implant wrinkling or rippling 
• Infection, including Toxic Shock Syndrome— when during breast implant surgery, wounds are contaminated with micro-   organisms, such as bacteria or fungi 
• Inflammation or irritation 
• Necrosis—when there is dead skin or tissue around the breast 
• Nipple or breast changes, including change in or loss of nipple sensation 
• Redness or bruising 
• Reoperation—additional surgeries 
• Rupture of the breast implant—when there is a tear or hole in the implant’s outer shell 
• Scarring 
• Seroma—the collection of fluid around the breast implant 
• Skin rash 
• Swollen or enlarged lymph nodes, also called “lymphedema or lymphadenopathy” 
• Thinning and shrinking of the skin, also called “breast tissue atrophy” 
• Unsatisfactory appearance due to implant style or size