Analysis of Rules & Background Stories

Analysis of parallel sets of the Patimokkha rules in each Vinaya, clarifying how the various requirements pertain to different categories of women. Tables on this page indicate rule numbers only. Follow the links below each table to see the text of each rule, including English translations (Rule Details), and for the background stories of each rule organized in the same format. For a discussion, see Evolution of Rules.

Pali

Lokottaravada

Mahasanghika

Sarvastivada

Dharmaguptaka

Mahisasaka

Mulasarvastivada: Chinese

Mulasarvastivada: Tibetan


Pali (Total of 8 rules)
sikkhamana kumaribhuta gihigata
Age for vutthapana Pacittiya 71 Pacittiya 65
Two-year requirement (completion of training) Pacittiya 63 Pacittiya 72 Pacittiya 66
Sangha agreement for vutthapana Pacittiya 64 Pacittiya 73 Pacittiya 67

Further Details

The Eight Rules; Rules in parallel; Background stories in parallel: Pali; Background stories in parallel: English Translation


Lokottaravada (Total of 8 rules )
one [who is trained in the precepts] maiden married woman
Age for vutthapana Pacittiya 96 Pacittiya 100
Two-year requirement (learning the precepts) Pacittiya 97 Pacittiya 101
Two-year requirement (completion of training) Pacittiya 98 Pacittiya 98 Pacittiya 102
Sangha agreement for vutthapana Pacittiya 99 Pacittiya 99 Pacittiya 103

Further Details

The eight rules; Rules in parallel; Background Stories: Hybrid Sanskrit; Background Stories: English Translation


Mahasanghika (Total of 8 rules)
one [who is trained in the precepts] maiden married woman
Age for vutthapana Pacittiya 96 Pacittiya 100
Two-year requirement (learning the precepts) Pacittiya 97 Pacittiya 101
Two-year requirement (completion of training) Pacittiya 98 Pacittiya 98 Pacittiya 102
Sangha agreement for vutthapana Pacittiya 99 Pacittiya 99 Pacittiya 103

Further Details

Eight Rules; Rules in parallel; Background Stories in parallel: Chinese; Background Stories in parallel: English Translation


Sarvastivada (Total of 8 rules)
disciple married woman maiden
Age for vutthapana Pacittiya 108 Pacittiya 116
Sangha agreement for vutthapana Pacittiya 109 Pacittiya 117
Two-year requirement Pacittiya 111 Pacittiya 111 Pacittiya 121
Sangha agreement for vutthapana after two years Pacittiya 112 Pacittiya 112 Pacittiya 122

Further Details

The eight rules; Rules in parallel; Background Stories: Chinese; Background Stories: English Translation.


Dharmaguptaka (Total of 6 rules)
one [the woman candidate] maiden married woman
Age for vutthapana Pacittiya 121 Pacittiya 121 Pacittiya 125
Two-year requirement Pacittiya 122 Pacittiya 125
Six precepts requirement Pacittiya123
Sangha agreement for vutthapana Pacittiya 124 Pacittiya 126

Further Details

The six rules; Rules in parallel; Background Stories: Chinese; Background Stories: English Translation.


Mahisasaka (Total of 8 rules)
sikkhamana married woman maiden
two-year training two-year training two-year training
Age for: Pacittiya115 Pacittiya 115 Pacittiya 106
Sangha agreement for: Pacittiya 111 Pacittiya 111 Pacittiya 107
vutthapana vutthapana vutthapana
Age for: Pacittiya 113 Pacittiya 104 Pacittiya 113
Sangha agreement for: Pacittiya 114 Pacittiya 105 Pacittiya 114

Further Details

The eight rules; Rules in parallel; Background Stories: Chinese; Background Stories: English Translation.


Mulasarvastivada (Chinese) (Total of 6 rules)
female (sikkhamana) married woman maiden
going forth (samaneri) vutthapana vutthapana
Age for: Pacittiya 108 Pacittiya 108 Pacittiya 115
Two-year requirement Pacittiya 119 Pacittiya 109 Pacittiya 116
Should be ordained after two years Pacittiya 120

Note: * In the vibhanga, female = sikkhamana

Further Details

The six rules; Rules in parallel; Background Stories: Chinese; Background Stories: English Translation.


Mulasarvastivada (Tibetan) (Total of 7 rules)
girl woman** married woman unmarried woman [maiden]
Age for vutthapana Pacittiya 73* Pacittiya 76 Pacittiya 77
Two-year requirement Pacittiya 80 Pacittiya 78 Pacittiya 79
Should be ordained after two years Pacittiya 81

The seven rules; Rules in parallel.

*Pacittiya 73 appeared as parallel with Mulasarvastivada Chinese P108.

** We suggested ‘woman’ = sikkhamana (P80, 81 are parallel with the Mulasarvastivada Chinese P119, 120).