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Tener que + infinitive
** First, what is an infinitive? An infinitive is what we call the verb before it is conjugated. Some examples are: hablar, estudiar, leer, vivir, etc.: to speak, to estudiar, to read, to live. We can think of the ending (-ar, -er, or –ir) as the “to” part. If I want to conjugate to a person, like I or you, I take off the “to” part and then add the correct ending.
Hablar: to speak yo hablo: I speak
Tener: to have ella habla: she speaks
**Second, you really need to know your charts! Practice, practice, practice!! If you don’t, you are never going to learn Spanish!
On to: Tener que + infinitive
This means: “to have to”
I have to go to school. Yo tengo que ir a la escuela.
Hayden has to buy a shirt. Hayden tiene que comprar una camisa.
Jordyn and Kara have to read the book. Jordyn y Kara tienen que leer el libro.
Vicky, you have to give your friend the notebook. Vicky, tú tienes que dar el cuaderno a tu amiga.
Ir a + infinitive
Ir a + infinitive means: “to be going to”. This is a way to express something in the near future.
**Remember, Ir is an irregular verb and conjugates as : voy, vas, va, vamos, van
I am going to read the book. Yo voy a leer el libro.
Brinn and Andrew are going to study together. Brinn y Andrew van a estudiar juntos.
Johanna is going to go to the store. Johanna va a ir a la tienda.
Cole and I are going to go to Spanish class. Cole y yo vamos a ir a la clase de español.