Tener Que and Ir A

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Tener que  +  infinitive


** First, what is an infinitive?  An infinitive is what we call the verb before it is conjugated.  Some examples are:  hablar, estudiar, leer, vivir, etc.:  to speak, to estudiar, to read, to live.  We can think of the ending (-ar, -er, or –ir) as the “to” part.  If I want to conjugate to a person, like I or you, I take off the “to” part and then add the correct ending.

                        Hablar:  to speak                   yo hablo:  I speak

                        Tener:  to have                      ella habla:  she speaks


**Second, you really need to know your charts!  Practice, practice, practice!!  If you don’t, you are never going to learn Spanish!


On to:   Tener que + infinitive


            This means:  to have to


I have to go to school.                                                          Yo tengo que ir a la escuela.

Hayden has to buy a shirt.                                                Hayden tiene que comprar una camisa.

Jordyn and Kara have to read the book.                     Jordyn y Kara tienen que leer el libro. 

Vicky, you have to give your friend the notebook.   Vicky, tú tienes que dar el cuaderno a tu amiga.   



Ir a + infinitive

Ir a + infinitive means:  to be going to”.  This is a way to express something in the near future.


**Remember, Ir is an irregular verb and conjugates as : voy, vas, va, vamos, van


I am going to read the book.                                             Yo voy a leer el libro.

Brinn and Andrew are going to study together.      Brinn y Andrew van a estudiar juntos.

Johanna is going to go to the store.                                Johanna va a ir a la tienda.

Cole and I are going to go to Spanish class.                Cole y yo vamos a ir a la clase de español.


Sheana Siegel,
Feb 8, 2012, 12:59 PM