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The Siberian town of Verkhoyansk has the reputation of being one of the coldest spots on earth, and of having the largest difference between summer and winter temperatures.
- 68 C is equivalent to - 90 F and + 37 C is equivalent to + 99 F
This means that Verkhoyansk has a range of 189 degrees F from the coldest winter recorded temperatures to the warmest summer recorded temperatures
The table for Vladivostok illustrates the rather different climate and weather experienced in a narrow strip along the coast of the Pacific. Winters are still cold and harbours freeze. This is because the dominant winter wind is from the west or northwest and brings very cold Siberian air to the coast. In summer there is a reversal of wind direction as the east Asian summer monsoon brings warm, moist winds off the Pacific so that coastal regions are comparatively wet at this time.
The tables for Ekaterinburg, Tomsk, and Irkutsk (all in approximately the same latitude in southern Siberia) show the similarity of temperatures from west to east.
Here are the data for Moscow and St. Petersburg, which are in the European part of Russia, for comparison. Notice that the winter temperatures are on average more than 10 degrees C warmer than Tomsk, Irkutsk and Ekaterinburg.