toefl writing topics
 

 Toefl作文

引用來源
1. http://www.for68.com/new/2006/5/wa2165623419256002534-0.htm
2. http://bbs.sinobuy.cn/index.php/topic,566.0.html?

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1. People attend college or university for many different reasons (for

example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why

do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons

and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
說明人們選擇上大學的具體原因(一個或者多個):
•   增加經驗、拓展知識、開闊視野
•   為了實現理想(ideal; idealistic)(如,周恩來就是為中華之崛起而讀書)
•   為了保證將來的就業機會
•   父母要求子女上大學
•   別人都上大學了,所以自己也選擇讀書
•   找不到工作
("無知",總是一部分人做出某個選擇的理由。上大學如是[1],去博物館如是[12]

,從事危險運動亦如是[43]。)
相關題目:[168]

2. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the

best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
因觀點絕對而不能同意。
•   不是所有的父母都是好老師
•   最好的老師不僅僅是父母
•   有些父母儘管善良,但對教育孩子一無所知
•   有些父母不配做孩子的老師,對孩子有不良影響

3. Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved

the way people live? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

answer.
參考分析:
總體上,“食物變得越來越容易準備”是一種進步[37],所以自然會帶來improvement

。使人們的生活方式發生了一些變化:
•   好的:
o   節省時間,越來越方便,一定程度上把婦女從繁雜的家務中解放了出來
•   也有不好的變化:
o   準備食物是一種重要的家庭活動,可是食物變得容易準備一定程度上使家人在

一起的時間減少了,比如“速凍餃子”[quick-frozen dumpling]
o   速食業的高速發展的一個直接結果是,人們普遍變胖了,尤其是孩子
相關題目:[13]

4. It has been said, "Not everything that is learned is contained in

books." Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with

knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more

important? Why?
參考分析:
•   注意一定要先進行比較
•   從書本中獲取的知識
o   優點:
§   題材、範圍更多
§   有更多的深度
§   更加的系統
o   缺點:
§   有時過於教條
§   也不見得完全準確
•   從經驗中獲取的知識
o   優點:
§   獲取直接、簡單明瞭
§   更加地實用
§   有些知識無法從書本中獲得
o   缺點:
§   不系統,很大的隨意性
§   很容易產生片面理解
•   不一定要說A比B更重要,或者B比A更重要。也可以選擇在不同的情況下,有不

同的比較。學習抽象的知識,書本是最好的來源。學習游泳,這只能靠經驗。另外

,大多數的知識要書本經驗相結合才可以。
相關題目:[116]
•   有些科目或者知識適合通過實踐學習,比如,語言,體育
•   有些科目或者知識適合通過閱讀學習,比如,物理、化學、歷史、地理
•   有些科目或者知識適合通過與別人交流來學習,比如銷售技巧;管理技巧
所以不能一概而論(treat different things/problems/matters] as the same),

要看學什麼,以及學習的階段。

5. A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near

your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new

influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory?

Explain your position.
參考分析:
先討論“假設工廠真的落成了,而帶來的好處和壞處”,而後發表看法。
•   好處:
o   直接增加了就業機會(到工廠去上班);間接增加了就業機會(會有很多服務業,

比如飯店、商店、超市等等跟著開業)
o   如果工廠規模足夠大,物流規模也足夠大,那麼將最終成為交通改善的起點
o   大的工廠可以繳納很多稅,對地方財政有好處,進而促進社區的繁榮
•   壞處:
o   帶來各種污染,比如,噪音、廢氣、污水等等
o   工廠不一定會贏利
相關題目: [16]、[25]、[26]、[30]、[79]

6. If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what

would you change? Use reasons and specific examples to support your

answer.
參考分析:
改變其環境,因為一個好的環境會使人們
•   更加快樂
•   更加健康
•   更加有效率
相關題目:[52]、[141]、[165]都可以選擇改變其環境。這些題目實際上可以用一

篇文章應對。

7. How do movies or television influence people's behavior? Use reasons

and specific examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
電影、電視等大眾傳媒(mass media)往往可以對人們的行為產生影響
•   通過改變人們的價值觀、世界觀、審美觀而改變人們行為
•   通過製造“社會熱點”而使大眾不停地討論一件事情
•   通過滿足人們的幻想,或使人們處於平衡狀態,或使人們一定程度上失衡

8. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has

destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons

and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
不能同意這個觀點。一方面人們看電視的時間越來越多;另外一方面人與人之間的

關係越來越冷漠。但是這兩個現象並不是完全、直接的因果關係。造成人們關係冷

漠的原因很多,比如,來自方方面面的壓力:工作、生活。

9. Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a

big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons

and details to support your answer.
參考分析:
•   生活在大城市的優缺點:資訊發達,工作機會多,生活設施完善;人情淡薄
•   生活在小城市的優缺點:溫馨,安靜,空氣好;人們相互瞭解、友善;資訊閉

塞;沒有好工作
•   陳述自己的偏好(可以採取"it depends"的策略,不同的階段有不同的偏好)
相關題目:[20]

10. "When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to

do with success." Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use

specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
參考分析:
•   nothing是一個絕對詞,所以,不能完全同意也不能完全不同意。選擇“很大程

度上同意”。
•   指出luck確實存在
•   指出可能導致人們成功的若干原因:誠實、睿智、幽默;執著;肯於做不喜歡

的事情[27];
相關題目:[27]、[63]

11. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities

should give the same amount of money to their students' sports activities

as they give to their university libraries. Use specific reasons and

examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
•   不能完全同意。"same"是一件做不到的事情。
•   普通大學,應該或更多的錢在圖書館上
•   體育專科大學,當然應該花更多的錢在體育設施上
•   資金分配的重要原則:產出應該大於投入
•   大學的辦學原則:要better brains;也要better bodies.
相 關題目:[Related Topic: 147. Some relevant issues about public

investments: 1) investment vs. profit; 2) immediate needs vs. long-term

benefits; 3) profit-making organization vs. nonprofit-making

organization. Topics about money allocation: 11. 19. 56. 95. 100. 167*)

personal attitudes of money: 32. 33. 48. 53. 131. 173. 177. 185.]
資金分配問題:資金的有效運用 (efficiency of money allocation)的重要體現是

投入產出比(input-output ratio)。即便是nonprofit-making organization也要保

證資金的投入產出的平衡(balance of input and output)。

12. Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you

think people visit museums? Use specific reasons and examples to support

your answer.
參考分析:
•   個人偏好,或者習慣,比如喜愛歷史。
•   可以短時間內瞭解一個地方的歷史、文化。[85]提提供了一個線索:因為他只

有一天的時間!
•   可以看到珍貴的藝術、文化、歷史、科學等收藏。
•   著名的博物館周邊,由於遊客眾多,一般也會有很多其他值得參觀的地方,也

會有很好吃的餐館。
•   另外,也有些人去博物館,沒有什麼特別的理由。別人都去,於是他也去了[1]

、[42] 。

13. Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants. Other people

prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Which do you prefer? Use specific

reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
不要急於作出選擇,先進行比較,然後根據情況選擇
•   去餐館或者吃速食的優缺點:方便、快捷、多種口味;昂貴、衛生可能得不到

保障、速食使人發胖[3]
•   在家吃飯的優缺點:乾淨、可以做出自己喜歡的口味、節省、與家人和朋友共

同準備實物很開心;花費時間、可能做的沒有餐館那麼好吃;
•   在不同的情況下會有不同的選擇。週末休息應該跟家人在家裏吃飯。與老朋友

久別重逢應該找一家安靜的餐館……
相關題目:[3]

14. Some people believe that university students should be required to

attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional

for students. Which point of view do you agree with? Use specific reasons

and details to explain your answer.
參考分析:
不要急於選擇哪一個觀點。因為兩個觀點都有些片面。儘量多地列舉兩種觀點的優

缺點,然後進行比較,最終選擇一個立場。
•   上課的好處 [17]
•   自學的好處[17]
•   在培養大學生時,是否應該以培養學生的自主能力為主?
•   如果強制所有的學生去上課,是否真地會提高所有學生的學習效率?有些學生

可能在某些課堂上得不到有效的幫助。
•   如果允許所有的學生都可以自由選課,是否會有些學生失去目標?
•   有沒有這種的辦法?比如:選修課(optional course)/必修課(compulsory

course)的設置
相關題目:[17];[137]

15. Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are

the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in

your answer.
參考分析:
共有8道題問及各種人的qualities或者characteristics。[103]提供了最 好的答案

:intelligence; honesty; a sense of humor。這些都是所有的人都應具備的基本

優點。類似的還有optimistic and positive; politeness; loyalty;

perseverance; justice等等。[46]要求回答Have these qualities changed or

remained the same over time in your culture?而以上提到的各個特徵都是

remained unchanged in any culture, and any period of time的——相對容易回答

(只需要說"從來就沒有變過"就可以了)。
相關題目:[18]、[22]、[46]、[62]、[93]、[103]、[179]。另外,174題的作文中

(這一代人與上一代人有什麼不同?)可以用一段的篇幅來描述一些不曾改變過的東

西。

16. It has recently been announced that a new restaurant may be built in

your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific

reasons and details to support your answer.
參考分析:
社區內的餐館越 多,競爭就越激烈,那麼價錢就會更公道;可能會出現衛生問題;

也可能有客人酗酒鬧事(excessive drinking; get drunk and create a

disturbance; make trouble after getting drunk.)。
參見:[5]。

17. Some people think that they can learn better by themselves than with

a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a teacher. Which

do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your essay.
參考分析:
不要急於選擇哪一個觀點。因為兩個觀點都有些片面。
•   有老師的好處:系統的指導;提供疑難解答;更快、更有效率
•   自學的必要性:自學能力應該是追求知識的過程中最重要的能力之一。
•   任何科目都應該指導和自學相結合。
•   不同的科目、不同的階段有不同的選擇。

18. What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)? Use

specific details and examples to explain why these qualities are

important.
參見:[15]

19. Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways,

or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation

(buses, trains, subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to

develop your essay.
參考分析:
資金運用的基本原則a higher input-output ratio is desirable。參見:[11]分

析。
•   政府也需要盈利
•   高速公路,是有盈利的。並且有利於促進經濟繁榮,進一步增加稅收。
•   公共交通,是政府開銷。但是市政府的職責。
•   結合我國情況選擇立場。比如:可以認為目前要大力發展高速公路,而其收入

可以用來開發公共交通。

20. It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big

city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to

develop your essay.
參考分析:
不要急於同意或者不同意這個觀點。因為那個回答都有些片面。地點並不是影響孩

子成長的唯一因素,也不是眾多因素中最重要的因素。
•   生活在城市的優缺點
•   生活在鄉村的優缺點
•   也可以用一系列“不一定”的事實來反駁題目中觀點,比如:
o   在鄉村長大的孩子不一定比在城市長大的孩子淳樸(honest; simple; simple

sentiments);
o   在鄉村長大的孩子不一定比在城市長大的孩子健康(healthy);
•   不同的階段有不同的選擇:
o   學齡前兒童,小學生在哪里都無所謂
o   初中、高中就可能在大城市更好一點

21. In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes of this

phenomenon. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
參考分析:
•   現象描述:20世紀初全球平均年齡(life expectancy)大約45歲。到20世紀末,

這個數字已經增長到70歲左右。
•   人們越來越長壽的原因:
o   越來越好的飲食條件,飲食衛生,越來越科學的飲食模式
o   越來越發達的醫療技術、越來越完善的醫療保健系統
o   經濟穩定、社會穩定。極端的例子:前蘇聯(the previous Soviet Union)解體

(disintegration/breakup)後,俄羅斯的平均年齡大幅度下降

22. We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of

people. In your opinion, what are some important characteristics of a co

-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific

examples to explain why these characteristics are important.
參見:[15]

23. In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students.

Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific

reasons and details.
參考分析:
注意審題。是teenager而不是college students。Teenagers have jobs,這顯然是

一個BAD idea。Teenager,意指十幾歲的孩子——16歲或者18歲以下(18歲以上就是

adult了,16、7的孩子往往被稱之為 young adults。參見:[61])。雇用童工

(Employing children labor)目前在很多國家是非法(illegal)的。也違反國際兒童

保護條約(International Children Act )。允許雇用童工,或存在童工現象,都是

一個國家落後愚昧的表現。
•   不要說teenager打工可以鍛煉自我,teenager需要的是接受教育,健康成長
•   不 要說teenager打工可以認識社會,teenager還不具備足夠的心理承受能力

(psychological endurance),過早步入社會 (early exposure to the real

world),只能導致世界觀、價值觀(out look of world, value, etc.)的扭曲

(deteriorated; distorted)。

24. A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do

you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or

city? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay.
參考分析:
這是一個討論假設問題的題目。儘量展開想像。注意:不要只說my city,要指出你

所在城市的名字, 比如:Beijing, Shanghai等等。
•   人們會喜歡的有:女人喜歡商場;男人可能喜歡書店;大的公園、動物園;名

勝古跡;文化氛圍
•   人們會討厭的有:交通堵塞;空氣不新鮮;大城市的排外主義(exclusivism)、

不友善(unfriendly);

25. It has recently been announced that a large shopping center may be

built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use

specific reasons and details to support your answer.
參見:[5]

26. It has recently been announced that a new movie theater may be built

in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use

specific reasons and details to support your answer.
參見:[5]

27. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should

sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Use specific reasons

and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
這個statement裏面的限定詞是 sometimes。應該同意這個觀點。[63]可以作為[27]

的理由之一,因為,Most experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at

the time become valuable lessons for the future。這道題甚至可以作為[43]的

答案。Most successful people have one thing in common: they are capable

of doing things that they virtually do not enjoy doing.

28. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television,

newspapers, magazines, and other media pay too much attention to the

personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities.

Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion.
參考分析:
不能同意這個觀點——因為這樣的說法過於片面。
•   有些媒體(大眾傳媒mass media)表現得過於關注名人。但是真正的起因(the

real cause)卻是大眾(the public; the broad masses of the people)本身——大眾

過於關注名人以及名人的私生活。媒體不過是在迎合大眾(cater to the needs of

customers; 過去幾年裏, 電視一直迎合大眾的口味。 In the past several

years, television has been playing to the gallery.),因為媒體也是商業機構

(commercial organization),也要盈利(profit-driving)。
•   不是所有媒體都在一味迎合大眾,也不是所有的television program,

newspaper column都在關注名人。

29. Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed (damaged) by human

activity. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place

to live. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
不要急於選擇。兩種觀點都過於含混。Human activity指的是什麼?
•   飲食起居:廣東人把某種海豚(dolphin)吃得almost extinct;美國人養寵物鸚

鵡(parrot),導致南美洲很多稀有品種(rare species)瀕臨滅絕。
•   科 學研究:好的例子很多,比如電的發明。不好的也很多,克隆(clone)技術

、基因重組(gene engineering)技術,可能導致道德(moral value)的淪喪

(deteriorated; ruined); 諾貝爾的發明(炸藥explosive)究竟殺了多少人?塑膠袋

(plastic bags)的發明,導致了多少white pollution?
•   戰爭:從來都是災難。生化武器,比如炭疽病毒(anthrax)
結論:人類的行為對地球的影響,有好的,也有壞的。很難說哪一種更多。
相關題目:[37]

30. It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in

your community. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific

reasons and details in your answer.
參考分析:
•   教育是百年大計(a fundamental task crucial for generations to come),

當然要同意。
•   社區的孩子就近上學很方便,減少了路上可能發生交通事故的可能性;
•   可以提高社區文化氛圍(將有更多的書店,音像店);
•   進而促進社區經濟繁榮;提高就業率等等。
•   儘管社區可能變得嘈雜一些,但是總體上還是應該支持的。
參見:[5]、[113]
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Re: 186個toefl作文題目分析
« 回站內短信 #1 於: 十一月 12, 2005, 11:20:08 pm »    
 
TOEFL作文題31-70

31. Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a

number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better job, house,

community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or

moving in search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to

support your opinion.
參考分析:
•   選擇哪一個都無所謂。直接選擇一個立場,文章就變成了羅列三個理由的簡單

說明文。
•   後者比較容易操作一些。
•   也可以採取it depends的策略。
o   小的時候,沒有選擇,父母在哪里,自己就要在哪里;
o   長大了,就會不停地尋找合適的地方;
o   到了老年,就喜歡停留在一個地方了。

32. Is it better to enjoy your money when you earn it or is it better to

save your money for some time in the future? Use specific reasons and

examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
先討論一下儲蓄的必要性以及及時享樂的好處。
然後可以採取it depends策略進行選擇。
是花錢及時享樂好呢還是把錢存起來好,要看錢的數目是多少。如果一個月賺
•   800塊,只有一個選擇,花掉。
•   2000塊,就可以花掉一些,存起來一些。
•   20000塊,就多花一些,也可以多存一些。

33. You have received a gift of money. The money is enough to buy either

a piece of jewelry you like or tickets to a concert you want to attend.

Which would you buy? Use specific reasons and details to support your

answer.
參考分析:
選擇哪一個都無所謂,只要列出三個理由。
比較偷懶的方法是,“根據不同的時間,有不同的選擇”。參見:範文。
相關題目:[142]、[161]

34. Businesses should hire employees for their entire lives. Do you agree

or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
不同意比較好寫一些。Entire是一個過於絕對的修飾詞。
雇用人員的原則是:The employees should be able to create more than they

are paid.
但 是,The business also has responsibility to support those old

employees, especially when they have contribute a lot to the business.

35. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Attending a

live performance (for example, a play, concert, or sporting event) is

more enjoyable than watching the same event on television. Use specific

reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
同意或者不同意都是片面的。討 論現場的好處(比如氣氛好air of excitement;投

入感強 getting involved)和電視轉播(television live show)的好處(比如,有解

說commentary/commentator;多鏡頭various angle of view; 鏡頭組接 montage)

,至於選擇,要視情況而定。
•   如果是中國甲A足球賽,才不去現場呢!生氣。可是如果是有機會去看歐洲杯的

話,不知道要比看電視過癮(to one's heart's content)多少倍!
•   如果是F4的演唱會,是絕對不能去的,電視也不看!可是如果是rolling rock

的演唱會,就一定要去了——可惜,因為SARS取消了。

36. Choose one of the following transportation vehicles and explain why

you think it has changed people's lives.
• automobiles
• bicycles
• airplanes
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
根據[70],應該選擇automobiles。注意,要回答為什麼汽車改變了人們的生活。
•   汽車改變了人們的時間、空間觀念,進而改變了人們的生活。
•   汽車使貨物的遠端運輸成為可能,進而使人們可以購買更多的商品。
•   汽車使汽油變得格外重要,直接間接導致了很多中東地區的戰爭。
•   汽車使空氣污染更加嚴重,導致人們的健康受到影響
相關題目:[70]、[106]、[177]

37. Do you agree or disagree that progress is always good? Use specific

reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
不同同意。Always是一個絕對的修飾詞。
•   大多數的時候進步是好的。電的發明、交通方式的進步、通訊方式的改良
•   也有些時候進步帶來一些副作用。
參見:[29]

38. Learning about the past has no value for those of us living in the

present. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意。No是一個絕對的修飾詞。只要列出三個values or advantages of

learning history就可以了。

39. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? With the help

of technology, students nowadays can learn more information and learn it

more quickly. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
不能完全同意。要表明It is largely true that  (把statement換個句子結構寫進

來)。
•   How technologies help students learn more information? (互聯網;電子

書籍)
•   How technologies help students learn more quickly? (電子字典;電子文

本的搜索功能)
•   But some times technologies handicap learning. (電子遊戲)
•   結論,學得多,學的快,還要靠一些其他的因素,比如,毅力。Technology

can help a lazy student nearly nothing.

40. The expression "Never, never give up" means to keep trying and never

stop working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this

statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
Never是一個絕對詞。但是由於這是一個積極向上的說法,所以,要“很大程度上同

意。”永不放棄的前提是“制訂一個現實、可行、並有意義的計畫”。
參見:範文。

41. Some people think that human needs for farmland, housing, and

industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. Do

you agree or disagree with this point of view? Why or why not? Use

specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
選擇不同意更好寫一些。列舉兩三個保護endangered animals的重要性。同時不要

忘了說明人類也確實需要更多的土地。只不過不能只顧眼前利益(short term

benefits)而已。
42. What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be

successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons

and examples to support your choice.
參見:[15]。也可以用[27]作為答案。

43. Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or

other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support

your answer.
參考分析:
羅列出三個理由,比如:
•   金錢
•   快樂
•   無知
參見:[1]

44. Some people like to travel with a companion. Other people prefer to

travel alone. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to

support your choice.
參考分析:
分別討論兩種方式的優缺點(relative merits),然後說,具體的選擇要視情況而定


相關題目:[111]

45. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning and start the day's

work. Others prefer to get up later in the day and work until late at

night. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support

your choice.
參考分析:
這是個非常私人的問題。儘管很多人都喜歡睡懶覺,但是“早起的好處”應該更容易

寫一些。
•   有益於健康,可以去鍛煉身體。
•   早上大腦經過休息,相對更加清醒,適合學習。

46. What are the important qualities of a good son or daughter? Have

these qualities changed or remained the same over time in your culture?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參見:[15]

47. Some people prefer to work for a large company. Others prefer to work

for a small company. Which would you prefer? Use specific reasons and

details to support your choice.
參考分析:
選擇哪一個都無所謂,列出三個理由。
不要忘了提及另外一種選擇也有一些好處。
也可以說不同的情況下可以做出不同的選擇。

48. People work because they need money to live. What are some other

reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. Use

specific examples and details to support your answer.
參考分析:
列出兩、三個除了錢之外的工作的理由:
•   興趣(比如有些歌星)
•   理想(比如有些醫生、律師)
•   成就感(比如教師)
•   還有些人上班工作只不過是為了打發時間

49. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Face-to-face

communication is better than other types of communication, such as

letters, email, or telephone calls. Use specific reasons and details to

support your answer.
參考分析:
同意或者不同意,都是錯誤的。不結合具體情況,無法判斷哪一個更好。
先比較兩種溝通方式的優缺點(relative merits)
然後根據不同的情況說明那種方式更好:
•   跟老闆、同事溝通,face-to-face communication更好
•   跟憤怒的投訴顧客,telephone更好一些
•   跟情人溝通,當然face-to-face更好。
相關題目:[160]

50. Some people like to do only what they already do well. Other people

prefer to try new things and take risks. Which do you prefer? Use

specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
參考分析:
討論兩種attitudes各自的好處。然後在不同的情況下,選擇不同的態度。比如:
•   鍛煉身體有很多種方法,如果我已經習慣了慢跑,只要能夠達到身體健康的目

的,就不必要花時間練習一些其他的體育項目了。
•   放鬆的時候可以聽聽音樂——往往是同一首歌或曲子已經聽了很多年。但是看電

影,卻很難做到重複看同一個電影幾百遍。

51. Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or

chances. Others believe that success results from careful planning. In

your opinion, what does success come from? Use specific reasons and

examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
注意,不一定要選擇taking risks or chances或者careful planning二者之一的。

比如可以這樣寫;
•   有時候為了成功是應該冒一些必要的風險
•   為了成功詳盡的計畫也是必需的
•   但是我認為為了成功,堅持是最重要的

52. What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your

age? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
改變其環境。
參見:[16]

53. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most

important aspect of a job is the money a person earns. Use specific

reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意。絕對詞:the most important。
參見:[48]

54. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? One should

never judge a person by external appearances. Use specific reasons and

details to support your answer.
參考分析:
表明只能“部分同意”的立場。然後寫兩大段,舉若干個例子。
•   很多的情況下,確實不應該根據外表判斷一個人。
•   但也有一些情況下,必須根據外表判斷。比如,導演選擇演員;招聘零售櫃檯

店員等等。
相關題目:[121]

55. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person

should never make an important decision alone. Use specific reasons and

examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意這個觀點。Never是絕對修飾詞。
•   確實,很多的時候獨自做出的決定是錯誤的。因為做出正確的決定需要完整的

資訊。
•   然而,也有些時候必須獨自做出決定。比如,戰場上的指揮官。並且,很多獨

自做出的決定並不是錯誤的。
•   所以,只能說one can not be more careful to make an important decision


可以寫一篇短文,how to make a sound decision。這樣,在應對[55]、[61]、

[120] 的時候都可以用到

56. A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or

to protect the environment. Which do you think the company should choose?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
選擇哪一個都可以。只要列舉出兩三個sound reasons。並且要在作文中提及另外一

個選擇的好處,以顯示“考慮周全”。需要考慮的至少有兩點:
•   企業花錢,當然要考慮input-output ratio。投入哪一個活動中,公眾效應更

加明顯?
•   社會作為受體,哪一個活動將對社會有更多的實際好處?

57. Some movies are serious, designed to make the audience think. Other

movies are designed primarily to amuse and entertain. Which type of movie

do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
分兩個段落討論兩種電影,說明這兩種電影都有他們的價值,都值得觀賞。
最後一段說在不同的心情下,有著不同的選擇。

58. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Businesses

should do anything they can to make a profit. Use specific reasons and

examples to support your position.
參考分析:
不能同意這個觀點。
•   商業的首要目的確實是盈利(profit-making)
•   但 是任何企業團體作為社會的組成部分,有責任考慮到整個社會的利益

(overall welfare of the society),所以不能為所欲為(do whatever one wants

to do; have one's own way; have [take] one's (full) swing; stop at

nothing)。法制的必要性。

59. Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done.

Other people prefer to take their time and live life at a slower pace.

Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

answer.
參考分析:
兩個態度都片面。所以不要急於選擇。
•   我們真正希望的是,不慌不忙(with full composure),卻很有效率

(efficient)。所以,我更傾向於careful planning。[51],因為careful planning

是成功的關鍵。
•   另外,也要看是什麼樣的事情,工作、學習,都喜歡儘快結束(give it an end

as quickly as possible),但是與朋友消遣,與家人相伴,卻不應該匆匆忙忙

(bustle up),而應該at a slower place。

60. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Games are as

important for adults as they are for children. Use specific reasons and

examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
同意這個觀點比較容易寫。
•   成年人也有娛樂的需求,從繁重的壓力中解脫出來(escape)
•   遊戲對老年人更是如此。
•   從遊戲中可以學到很多東西(橋牌——團隊精神;圍棋、象棋——拓展智力)
相關題目:[148]

61. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents or

other adult relatives should make important decisions for their older (15

to 18 year-old) teenage children. Use specific reasons and examples to

support your opinion.
參考分析:
表明立場:這樣的做法有一定的道理。
•   支持這樣的做法的理 由:older teenage children還不夠成熟(immature),考

慮不夠周全(inconsiderate),尤其涉及到經濟相關的決定時,缺乏獨立承擔能力

(incapable of being independent)。
•   然而,“如何保證parents或者adult relatives所作的決定就是正確的”也是個

問題。
•   另外,總是把孩子排除在決定權之外,是否會使孩子變得“沒能力做出任何決定

”?the ability to make sound decision是人生道路上很重要的能力之一。
相關題目:[55]、[120]。

62. What do you want most in a friend — someone who is intelligent, or

someone who has a sense of humor, or someone who is reliable? Which one

of these characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and

specific examples to explain your choice.
參見:[15]

63. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Most

experiences in our lives that seemed difficult at the time become

valuable lessons for the future. Use reasons and specific examples to

support our answer.
參考分析:
表明立場,基本同意這個觀點。因為這個觀點沒有使用絕對詞。

(Basically/Fundamentally, it is true that…)
•   舉一些例子支持題目中的觀點。
•   然而也確實有些痛苦經歷對將來毫無幫助。比如對大多數不喜歡化學的人來講

,中學時期在元素週期表(periodic table [system] of elements)中苦苦掙扎的經

驗對以後的人生並沒有什麼幫助。
•   有些父母、教師用這個說法作為虐待孩子的藉口,說是為了孩子的將來著想,

就很沒有道理了。

64. Some people prefer to work for themselves or own a business. Others

prefer to work for an employer. Would you rather be self-employed, work

for someone else, or own a business? Use specific reasons to explain your

choice.
參考分析:
不要急於選擇。先討論兩種情況各自的優缺點
•   做老闆,賺錢的,可是風險也大
•   給別人打工,是穩定,但是工資少。
•   選擇哪一種要看各人情況。

65. Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy

them and replace them with modern buildings? Use specific reasons and

examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
•   保留歷史建築的必要性:文化意義;教育意義;商業意義(開發旅遊業)
•   城市土地需求的現實性:開發住房;商業場所
•   至於要不要保留,往往是看哪一個價值更大,並且要具體情況具體分析。The

answer depends on the concrete analysis of concrete conditions。

66. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Classmates are

a more important influence than parents on a child's success in school.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
要經過比較之後才能選擇,並列不能一概而論(We should not make sweeping

generalizations)。以下的問題可以幫助拓展思路:
•   孩子與誰相處的時間更長一些?(儘管相處時間越長不見得影響就更大)
•   孩子與誰溝通的更多一些?(很多父母缺乏與孩子進行溝通的技巧)
•   家長通過什麼方式影響孩子?
•   同學通過什麼方式影響孩子?

或者,可以使用“It depends”的策略:要看哪一方面的影響?比如:
•   飲食習慣的影響
•   思考方式的影響
•   審美觀點的影響
•   ……
相關題目:[114]都是在討論家庭以外的因素和家庭內的因素究竟哪一個影響更大一

些?

67. If you were an employer, which kind of worker would you prefer to

hire: an inexperienced worker at a lower salary or an experienced worker

at a higher salary? Use specific reasons and details to support your

answer.
參考分析:
選擇哪一個,要看是什麼樣的position。
•   一些較低的職位,基本不依賴創造性,比如門衛、前臺服務員。這要選擇前者


•   一些中等的職位,需要創造性,但是可以培養。還要選擇前者,因為所謂的

experienced不一定保障efficient。
•   較高的一些職位,所需要的人需要很高的創造性(creative),能動性

(initiative)。一些經驗比如管理經驗都是必需的。那麼,要選擇後者。
相關題目:雇傭的原則[31]

68. Many teachers assign homework to students every day. Do you think

that daily homework is necessary for students? Use specific reasons and

details to support your answer.
參考分析:
基本上同意。
•   給學生留作業的好處
o   學生缺乏自學能力,所以,通過留作業,可以使學生不知不覺地完成知識的吸

收。
o   學習是一個系統的過程。系統的重複(systematical repetition)是學習過程中

的一個重要機制(mechanism)。而留作業,也正是通過這個機制使學習更加有效。
•   但是,有些老師
o   留作業不科學,還不如不留。
o   留作業太多,造成副作用(counter-effect; negative effect),使學生厭學

(be weary of studying)
•   另外,要看是哪個階段的學生:
o   小學(elementary school)一二年級,就不要留作業了吧?
o   初中以上,留作業的同時是不是應該更注重培養學生的自學能力呢?
o   上了大學之後,還要每天留作業,就很古怪了吧?

69. If you could study a subject that you have never had the opportunity

to study, what would you choose? Explain your choice, using specific

reasons and details.
參考分析:
比較自由的題目,選一個科目,然後羅列三個理由。比如,學醫
•   可能比自己目前的專業更容易找工作(可以給自己編造一個非常偏僻的專業)
•   救死扶傷很有成就感
•   家人身體不舒服卻束手無策(have no more arrows left in one's quiver; at

one's wits' end)很不好受
參見:範文

70. Some people think that the automobile has improved modern life.

Others think that the automobile has caused serious problems. What is

your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參見:[36]
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Re: 186個toefl作文題目分析
« 回站內短信 #2 於: 十一月 12, 2005, 11:22:14 pm »    
 
TOEFL作文題71-109

71. Which would you choose: a high-paying job with long hours that would

give you little time with family and friends or a lower-paying job with

shorter hours that would give you more time with family and friends?

Explain your choice, using specific reasons and details.
參考分析:
在不同的階段有不同的選擇。比如:
•   年輕的時候vs成家之後
•   剛剛開始工作vs積蓄頗豐

72. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Grades (marks)

encourage students to learn. Use specific reasons and examples to support

your opinion.
參考分析:
不同意比較好寫一些。承認grades的一些意義的情況下,指出grades的眾多副作用


觀點:Grades not always encourage students to learn.
•   Grade對學生的好處:便於教學體系的整體管理。有利於學生循序漸進(follow

the principle of gradual improvement)地學習。可以使學生瞭解自我的學習效果


•   Grade 帶來的副作用:無情的競爭使學生們為了高分而不擇手段(resort to

every expedient),比如作弊(cheat)。高分帶來驕傲(arrogant; be too big for

one's shoes/boots),而低分使學生灰心失望(lose hope)甚至放棄(abandon

learning motivation)。
參見:範文

73. Some people say that computers have made life easier and more

convenient. Other people say that computers have made life more complex

and stressful. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
觀點是:電腦帶來了方便的同時也造成了很多的麻煩。儘管如此,電腦的發明仍然

是偉大的進步。
•   電腦帶來的方便,數不勝數(beyond count; countless; too numerous to

count)
•   電腦帶來的麻煩,比如:千年蟲(Y2K)問題;電子遊戲的負面作用;網路即時聊

天系統(instant message programs such as icq,  MS messenger, Yahoo

paper etc.)

74. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best way

to travel is in a group led by a tour guide. Use specific reasons and

examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意這個觀點。有絕對修飾詞the best。羅列兩三個除了用導遊之外的旅遊方

法:獨自旅遊;與同事、朋友相伴等等。不同的情況下,有不同的選擇。

75. Some universities require students to take classes in many subjects.

Other universities require students to specialize in one subject. Which

is better? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
很難說哪一個比另外一個更好。It's hard to say one is better than the

other.
•   學習範圍過於廣泛(extensive)可能會導致深度不夠(superficial

interpretation)
•   學習範圍過於狹窄(limited)可能會導致無知(educated ignorance)
•   所 以,學習應該既保證廣度,也要保證深度。事實上,學科之間總是存在著某

種這樣那樣的聯繫。比如物理學和哲學就兩個一定程度上相輔相成(be inseparably

interconnected)。折衷的方法是,學校開設很多的選修課。要求學生在學好本專業

課程的同時,儘量多地瞭解其他領域。

76. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children

should begin learning a foreign language as soon as they start school.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your position.
參考分析:
這是一個有爭議的話題。不同意這個觀點可能更好寫一些。
•   儘管從表面上來看兒童卻是在學習語言方面有天賦,但是學習母語是一回事兒

,而學習外語是完全另外一回事。
•   外 語不是單詞、句型那麼簡單(Learning English involves much more than

merely memorizing vocabulary and grammar rules)。語言是表達思想的,某種程

度上學習外語,超出了兒童的能力範圍——尤其是對剛剛上學,甚至不知道學習為何

物的兒童。極端的例子是河北省有一 對夫婦(都是大學教師),孩子才6歲,父親教

他英文,母親教他日文,結果孩子出現了失語症(失語者 aphasic; 失語症

aphasia)。

77. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Boys and girls

should attend separate schools. Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參見:範文

78. Is it more important to be able to work with a group of people on a

team or to work independently? Use reasons and specific examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
•   兩種能力都重要。
•   分別陳述兩種能力的重要性。
•   針對不同的人,不同的工作環境,才會有孰重孰輕之分。

79. Your city has decided to build a statue or monument to honor a famous

person in your country. Who would you choose? Use reasons and specific

examples to support your choice.
參考分析:
選一個名人,最好是歷史上的名人,這樣好寫。
•   紀念意義
•   歷史意義
•   教育意義
這篇作文,稍作改動,即可應對[176]

80. Describe a custom from your country that you would like people from

other countries to adopt. Explain your choice, using specific reasons and

examples.
參考分析:
隨便找一個。比如外國人來到中國,最好習慣一件事情,付賬的時候不要go Dutch

,很討厭。

81. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Technology has

made the world a better place to live. Use specific reasons and examples

to support your opinion.
參見:[29]

82. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Advertising

can tell you a lot about a country. Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
同意這個觀點更容易寫一些。陳述立場後,說明廣告是怎樣反映一個國家的歷史、

文化、以及其他情況的。通過比較來說明更容易寫一些,比如:
•   中國,與10年前相比,廣告中的女性數量變多了,暴露的程度也提高了。說明

人們的觀念,以及社會的觀念發生了變化。
•   中國與歐美國家相比,中國廣告中藥物廣告數量特別多。說明這方面的法制還

有待改善。
相關題目:[183]

83. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Modern

technology is creating a single world culture. Use specific reasons and

examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
•   立場:不同意。
•   確實技術的進步使得各個文化之間的差異減少了。(可以舉出很多例子)
•   但是有一些文化差異是不會改變的。(也可以舉出很多例子)
•   結論:技術將使文化間的差異變少,卻不可能形成一個single world culture



84. Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of

valuable information. Others think access to so much information creates

problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples

to support your opinion.
參考分析:
不要急於選擇,先進行比較。
•   Internet帶來的好處:更多的資訊。更多的交流。Internet一定程度上提升了

言論自由,進而導致社會發生變化。
•   Internet帶來的壞處:大量的資訊是uneditted的,可信度無保障(less

reliable);大量的有害內容,比如色情網站;大量的遊戲網站導致孩子們浪費大量

時間。
Internet在技術上是進步。儘管internet也帶來了一些不好的影響,然是我們不應

該拒絕進步。
相關題目:[29]、[37]

85. A foreign visitor has only one day to spend in your country. Where

should this visitor go on that day? Why? Use specific reasons and details

to support your choice.
參考分析:
去參觀博物館。
參見:[12]

86. If you could go back to some time and place in the past, when and

where would you go? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your

choice.
參考分析:
寫一個歷史上著名的藝人(卓別林、夢露、莎士比亞、甘迺迪),問他幾個問題。這

樣,[86]、[89]、[90]、[91]這四道題,用一篇作文就可以了。

87. What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for

people in your country? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

choice.
參考分析:
這是一道比較自由的題目,可以隨意發揮。比如:發現很多油田(經濟意義、政治

意義、社會意義);發現 必須改革開放(reform and open; reform and open to

the outside world; reform and open up; reform and openness◇改革開放政策

the policy of reformation and opening);發現計劃經濟(planned economy)體制

(planning system)有問題;等等

88. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Telephones and

email have made communication between people less personal. Use specific

reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參見:[8]

89. If you could travel back in time to meet a famous person from

history, what person would you like to meet? Use specific reasons and

examples to support your choice.
參見:[86]

90. If you could meet a famous entertainer or athlete, who would that be,

and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
參見:[86]

91. If you could ask a famous person one question, what would you ask?

Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
參見:[86]

92. Some people prefer to live in places that have the same weather or

climate all year long. Others like to live in areas where the weather

changes several times a year. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons

and examples to support your choice.
參考分析:
隨便選擇哪一個都無所謂,之後羅列三個好處。
比如,作為出生在北方的人,到了一年四季天氣差不多的廣州才發現,原來沒有四

季變化有很大的經濟意義:一年兩套衣服足矣,不像在北方,四季分明,總是花很

多錢去買換季的衣服(change dress proper for the season)。
再比如,四季分明,就多了很多自然景觀。有很多南方人一輩子都沒有親眼見到

(witness; with one's own eyes)過雪。

93. Many students have to live with roommates while going to school or

university. What are some of the important qualities of a good roommate?

Use specific reasons and examples to explain why these qualities are

important.
參見:[15]

94. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Dancing plays

an important role in a culture. Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
這 個題目乍看起來很不好寫。同意這個觀點(Dancing is really important in

every culture.)。可以採取it depends的策略。舞蹈的娛樂作用(as a important

mean of entertainments)也是important role in a culture,所以種文化中都有

其獨特的舞蹈形式(dancing form)。
原始社會(primitive society)時,舞蹈是非常重要的。慶祝(celebration;

festival),祈禱(pray),宗教儀式(ritual)等等活動中,舞蹈都是最主要的組成部

分(one of the most important components)。
隨著社會的發展,宗教儀式(ritual)演變成了歌劇(opera),舞蹈仍然是很重要的娛

樂手段。
時間進入21世紀,各種娛樂手段開始豐富起來,舞蹈儘管已經不是主流的(main)娛

樂方式,但是仍然非常重要。今年的奧斯卡(Oscar)得主就是一個歌舞劇(song and

dance drama)——芝加哥(Chicago).

95. Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible

exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the Moon and to other

planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this

money for our basic needs on Earth. Which of these two opinions do you

agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
參考分析:
•   陳述the principle of capital/resource/money allocation(參見:[11]分析

)
•   陳 述exploring outer space的重要性:國力(national power)的體現。參考

例子:CNN曾有過一個專題節目(monograph)專門討論“美國人是否真的曾經登陸月球

”(Did American Astronauts Really Reach the Moon.)結論是,美國政府作假

(that event was a cheat)。
•   陳述basic needs on Earth的重要性:多舉幾個例子。
•   立場上,選擇後者應該更容易寫一些。

96. People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of

modern life. Some read; some exercise; others work in their gardens. What

do you think are the best ways of reducing stress? Use specific details

and examples in your answer.
參考分析:
 [169]給出了答案,選擇聽音樂,那麼這篇作文同時可以應對[169]。

97. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers

should be paid according to how much their students learn. Give specific

reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
不能同意。乍看起來(at the first glance)很有道理。問題在於:
•   教育不是商品。
•   如何保證能夠確切地衡量學生究竟學到了多少?
•   學生學到多少,並不是老師一個人的事情,還要看學生自身的素質(quality);

能力(capacity)等等。
•   如果採取了這樣的方式,就會出現老師迎合(cater to/ pander to/ play up

to students' taste)學生而不是引導(guide; lead)學生,違背了教育的原則。

98. If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an

international exhibition, what would you choose? Why? Use specific

reasons and details to explain your choice.
參考分析:
隨便選一樣東西,比如熊貓、瓷器。

99. You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be

shared by two students. Would you rather have the university assign a

student to share a room with you, or would you rather choose your own

roommate? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.
參考分析:
•   陳述學校分配的好處
•   陳述自己選擇的好處
•   (注意,兩種方法都有缺點)
•   選擇立場。選擇讓學校分配吧,有更多的話說,還顯得自己大度(open-minded

and magnanimous)一些。

100. Some people think that governments should spend as much money as

possible on developing or buying computer technology. Other people

disagree and think that this money should be spent on more basic needs.

Which one of these opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and

details to support your answer.
參見:[11]、[19]、[95]

101. Some people like doing work by hand. Others prefer using machines.

Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

answer.
參考分析:
分情況。有些事情適合用手做,比如:
•   洗衣服:有些人就喜歡用手洗衣服(wash clothes),而不用洗衣機(laundry

machine)。
•   寫字:不用電腦,而堅持用筆,基本上只有50歲以上的人才幹得出來。
•   很 多的事情只能手工去作(舉例);而另外也有很多事情只能用機器去做(舉例)

。還有一些事情要二者結合才可以,比如統計工作。搜集資料(collect data),往

往更依賴人工(manual work);資料處理(data processing/manipulating),最好由

電腦完成。
相關題目:[140]

102. Schools should ask students to evaluate their teachers. Do you agree

or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
有保留地同意 (agree with reservations)。學生在評判教師時,
•   是否全部學生都可以客觀評價(objective evaluation)?
•   是否有足夠的能力(包括academic knowledge等等)去進行客觀評價?
•   如果採取了這樣的方式,就會出現老師迎合(cater to/ pander to/ play up

to students' taste)學生而不是引導(guide; lead)學生,違背了教育的原則。
•   保留意見/這種方式:允許學生進行評價,但是應該作為一個參考,同時要有其

他的評判方式。
參見:[97]

103. In your opinion, what is the most important characteristic (for

example, honesty, intelligence, a sense of humor) that a person can have

to be successful in life? Use specific reasons and examples from your

experience to explain your answer. When you write your answer, you are

not limited to the examples listed in the question.
參見:[15]、[27]

104. It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its

members. Compare the contributions of artists to society with the

contributions of scientists to society. Which type of contribution do you

think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support

your answer.
參考分析:
不要急於選擇;一定要進行比較
•   陳述科學家做出的貢獻
•   陳述藝術家做出的貢獻
•   在不同的時期(比如戰爭時期vs和平時期),二者做出的貢獻不同。
參見:範文

105. Students at universities often have a choice of places to live. They

may choose to live in university dormitories, or they may choose to live

in apartments in the community. Compare the advantages of living in

university housing with the advantages of living in an apartment in the

community. Where would you prefer to live? Give reasons for your

preference.
參考分析:
一定要進行比較。
•   住在宿舍的優缺點:便宜(不用付或者付很少的租金;很少的交通費用);方便

;但是可能不自由
•   自己租房子住的優缺點:自由;安靜;乾淨;但是費用高。
•   根據自己的情況進行選擇

106. You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles (64

kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of transportation you could

use. Tell which method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons

for your choice.
參考分析:
 [36]提供了option,但是不能選飛機(為了64公里的路而乘坐飛機有點ridiculous)


比較“步行(on foot; walk)”“汽車(automobile; car)”“自行車(bicycle)”。
選擇bicycle可能更容易寫一些。

107. Some people believe that a college or university education should be

available to all students. Others believe that higher education should be

available only to good students. Discuss these views. Which view do you

agree with? Explain why.
參考分析:
兩個觀點都有些極端。所以,先分析,在選擇自己的立場。
•   義務教育制度(institution of compulsory education )說明社會已經認識到

基礎教育(fundamental education)對所有的人都是必需的。
•   但是大學教育是不是所有人都需要的?這個社會很多職業(比如,飲食業)不需

要大學教育。讓所有的人都上大學,是不是成為過分的財政負擔(financial burden

of the government)?
•   用什麼樣的方法確定一個學生good enough so as to deserve higher

education? 考試?考試制度也有缺陷。
•   可能選擇的立場比如:我們國家目前是需要更多的人接受大學教育。與此同時

,一方面要保障大學教育的質量,另一方面,要改革考試制度,保障考生的公平機

會。

108. Some people believe that the best way of learning about life is by

listening to the advice of family and friends. Other people believe that

the best way of learning about life is through personal experience.

Compare the advantages of these two different ways of learning about

life. Which do you think is preferable? Use specific examples to support

your preference.
參考分析:
兩個觀點都有些極端。所以,先比較分析,在選擇自己的立場。
•   聽從他人勸告和建議的優缺點:綜合許多人的看法,可能更容易得到正確的答

案;但是久而久之(in the course of time; as time passes),可能會變得沒有主

見(lose one's own judgment)
•   自己做決定、從自己的經驗出發的優缺點:可能不全面,但是能夠培養自己的

觀察能力,分析能力。
•   不同的事情,要有不同的選擇。

109. When people move to another country, some of them decide to follow

the customs of the new country. Others prefer to keep their own customs.

Compare these two choices. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer

with specific details.
參考分析:
一定要進行比較。至於要選擇什麼,看情況,要看是什麼樣的習慣?
•   比如中國人到了美國,就要習慣go Dutch的付賬習慣。不然很吃虧。
•   但是慶祝春節,家人在一起包餃子(dumpling)的習慣,沒有必要更改。
還可以舉出很多例子。
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Re: 186個toefl作文題目分析
« 回站內短信 #3 於: 十一月 12, 2005, 11:25:07 pm »    
 
TOEFL作文題110-150

110. Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone. Others like to

be with friends most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone

or with friends? Use specific reasons to support your answer.
參考分析:
 [110]和[111]非常相像。
•   休閒時間的活動包括:看書、聽音樂、看影碟、去電影院、去酒吧、聽音樂會

、打牌、下棋、爬山、打球……
•   有些活動適合獨自進行,有些活動需要特定數目的人手,還有些活動人越多越


•   根據不同的情況,就有不同的選擇。
相關題目:[111]、[146]
111. Some people prefer to spend time with one or two close friends.

Others choose to spend time with a large number of friends. Compare the

advantages of each choice. Which of these two ways of spending time do

you prefer? Use specific reasons to support your answer.
參見:[110]

112. Some people think that children should begin their formal education

at a very early age and should spend most of their time on school

studies. Others believe that young children should spend most of their

time playing. Compare these two views. Which view do you agree with? Why?
參考分析:
兩種觀點都有些極端。先比較兩種觀點,然後選擇一個折衷的立場。
•   早 上學的好處和壞處:好處是很多提前上學的孩子顯得聰明,對付學習顯得遊

刃有餘(be more than equal to a task; accomplish a task with ease)。完成

formal education的時候比別人年輕,有更多的選擇餘地。壞處是,經常挨欺負(be

bullied; be treated rough)。早熟(precocious),可能會有副作用(negative

effects)。
•   晚上學的好處和壞處:實際上並不吃虧;學習好壞不見得一定跟上學早晚有必

然的聯繫(positive connection)。壞處是,家長如果引導不好,不利於智力發育

(development of child's intelligence)。
•   立場:不見得一定要儘早上學;孩子確實應該多花一些時間去玩。但是應該正

確引導,因為玩也分為好多種,玩棋牌遊戲顯然比玩泥巴(play with mud)要有益得

多。

113. The government has announced that it plans to build a new

university. Some people think that your community would be a good place

to locate the university. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of

establishing a new university in your community. Use specific details in

your discussion.
參見:[30]

114. Some people think that the family is the most important influence on

young adults. Other people think that friends are the most important

influence on young adults. Which view do you agree with? Use examples to

support your position.
參見:[66]

115. Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very

carefully. Others choose not to make any plans at all for their free

time. Compare the benefits of planning free-time activities with the

benefits of not making plans. Which do you prefer — planning or not

planning for your leisure time? Use specific reasons and examples to

explain your choice.
參考分析:
傾向於選擇“有計劃”。因為不管做什麼事情,多少都會有一些計畫。至少知道從什

麼時候開始,到什麼時候結束。羅列幾個實現計畫的好處。據幾個實例。
使用讓步結構結尾:儘管確實有一些過程完全不需要計畫,而計畫也做不到面面俱

到(cover all aspects; have every detail thought of -- think of every

detail),但是適當的計畫仍然是必要的。

116. People learn in different ways. Some people learn by doing things;

other people learn by reading about things; others learn by listening to

people talk about things. Which of these methods of learning is best for

you? Use specific examples to support your choice.
參見:[4]

117. Some people choose friends who are different from themselves. Others

choose friends who are similar to themselves. Compare the advantages of

having friends who are different from you with the advantages of having

friends who are similar to you. Which kind of friend do you prefer for

yourself? Why?
參考分析:
與志同道合(cherish the same ideals and follow the same path; share the

same views; have a common goal; have similar ideals and beliefs;)的朋友交

往的好處;但是人與人之間畢竟才在這不同。
與性格不同,興趣不同的人交往的好處。
選擇立場,可以自由一些。比如,可以選擇這樣的立場:我認為,選擇朋友不一定

要選擇相同的或者是不同的。因為人們之間總是有一些相同點的同時有一些不同點

。關鍵在於,一個人是不是誠實、睿智、幽默?
參見:[15]

118. Some people enjoy change, and they look forward to new experiences.

Others like their lives to stay the same, and they do not change their

usual habits. Compare these two approaches to life. Which approach do you

prefer? Explain why.
參考分析:
可以採取it depends的策略。要看是針對什麼事情,才會有具體的選擇。

119. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People behave

differently when they wear different clothes. Do you agree that different

clothes influence the way people behave? Use specific examples to support

your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意。
•   確實,有些時候人們在穿著不同的情況下會有不同的行為。(舉例)
•   然而,決定行為因素還有很多,服裝僅僅是其中的一個因素。(羅列幾個其他的

因素)

120. Decisions can be made quickly, or they can be made after careful

thought. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The

decisions that people make quickly are always wrong. Use reasons and

specific examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
不能同意。
•   確實,有些時候快速做出的決定可能是錯的。(舉例)
•   然而,決定是否正確還有很多其他影響因素,並且,快不等於not careful。極

端的例子是戰場上的指揮官,必須要快速做出正確決定。羅列幾個影響“決定正確與

否”的其他因素。
參見:[55]
相關題目:[55]、[61]

121. Some people trust their first impressions about a person's character

because they believe these judgments are generally correct. Other people

do not judge a person's character quickly because they believe first

impressions are often wrong. Compare these two attitudes. Which attitude

do you agree with? Support your choice with specific examples.
參見:[54]

122. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People are

never satisfied with what they have; they always want something more or

something different. Use specific reasons to support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意。never/always都是絕對修飾詞。
•   確實有這種情況。可以舉很多例子。比如,人們對速度的要求;女人對衣服的

要求
•   然而很多的時候人們並不總是這樣的。比如,儘管有人不滿意婚姻制度,不可

否認相當數量的人們並不想要更多的妻子或者丈夫。
所以,不能一概而論。

123. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should

read only those books that are about real events, real people, and

established facts. Use specific reasons and details to support your

opinion.
參考分析:
不能同意。Only是絕對修飾詞。可以舉出很多反向的例子比如,科幻小說、語言、

幽默故事、漫畫集,等等都有很重要的意義。

124. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more

important for students to study history and literature than it is for

them to study science and mathematics. Use specific reasons and examples

to support your opinion.
參考分析:
不能同意。
•   這是個沒有答案的比較 (it is a meaningless comparison; it is a

comparison without definite answer)。學習歷史文學確實很重要,但是說比學習

科學數學更重要就沒有什麼道理了。
•   對不同的人,有不同的重要標準。
•   建立自己的立場:所有的人都應該具備最基礎的知識。

125. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All students

should be required to study art and music in secondary school. Use

specific reasons to support your answer.
參考分析:
儘管All是絕對修飾詞,不過要注意,是secondary school(中學)。所以,不妨同意

。因為仍然處於義務教育(compulsory education)階段。
•   學習音樂藝術也是一種很好的休息,對所有的人都有好處
•   學科之間是相通的(interrelated; interlinked),審美觀念( aesthetic

standards)的塑造對每個人、每種職業都很重要。
•   可以提高國民整體的文化素質
 (審 美方法 aesthetic approach; 審美觀念 aesthetic standards; 審美教育

aesthetic education; 審美模式 aesthetic model; 審美能力 aesthetic

judgment; 審美學 aesthetics; 審美意識 aesthetic consciousness)

126. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? There is

nothing that young people can teach older people. Use specific reasons

and examples to support your position.
參考分析:
不能同意。nothing是一個絕對修飾詞。
•   確實,大多數情況下,年齡大一些的人有更多的經驗,年輕人要向他們學習。

舉例。
•   然而,年齡大不一定等於懂得多。有很多時候哪怕很小的孩子也可以教我們很

多東西。舉例。

127. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Reading

fiction (such as novels and short stories) is more enjoyable than

watching movies. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your

position.
參考分析:
同意或者不同意都是偏頗的,所以,要看情況。要看是小說的類型,電影創作的質

量。
•   讀小說特有的好處:閱讀時間安排上自由;有足夠的想像空間;文字的美感不

可替代
•   看 電影特有的好處:聲像(combination of sound and image)結合帶來獨特的

效果;往往濃縮在150分鐘之內;優秀演員的演繹(the ability to create

empathy)帶來不同的理解(interpretation)。
•   有些東西是電影拍不出來的;
•   有些東西是小說寫不出來的
所以,哪一個更好,不能一概而論。各有各的好處。

128. Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of

every school day. Other people believe that students should spend the

whole school day on academic studies. Which opinion do you agree with?

Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
參考分析:
同意前者更容易寫一些。
•   身體健康對每個人都很重要,並且是學習進步的前提
•   體育訓練可以使學生學到很多東西,比如團隊精神
•   合理的課程設置是學校的責任,學校應該想辦法保證學生的健康
129. A university plans to develop a new research center in your country.

Some people want a center for business research. Other people want a

center for research in agriculture (farming). Which of these two kinds of

research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons

in your recommendation.
參考分析:
•   陳述開展商業研究的必要性
•   陳述開展同業研究的必要性
•   根據我國情況,建議偏重農業技術研究,同時加強市場的調控

130. Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing

sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific

reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
優點:對身體健康有好處;有助於培養與人和睦相處的能力;缺點:耽誤學習,

instant pleasure costs long-term benefits.

131. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Only people

who earn a lot of money are successful. Use specific reasons and examples

to support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意。Only是絕對修飾詞。
確實,往往成功的一個表像是金錢的多少。
•   錢不是衡量成功的唯一的標準。黑社會分子(members of criminal syndicate)

、一些黑心的商人(evil-minded businessman)。
•   有些職業收入遠不如其他行業,比如,我國的教師,護士。
•   成功的定義更應該基於社會貢獻:甘地(Gandhi)就身無分文(without a cash

in his pocket);特蕾莎修女( Nurse Theresa )也是好例子。

132. If you could invent something new, what product would you develop?

Use specific details to explain why this invention is needed.
參考分析:
比較自由的選擇,只要能夠列出三個理由,或者要完成的若干個功能。比如,治療

SARS病毒的藥物。

133. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A person's

childhood years (the time from birth to twelve years of age) are the most

important years of a person's life. Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意,the most important是修飾詞。
參見:範文

134. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children

should be required to help with household tasks as soon as they are able

to do so. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
"as soon as they are able to do so"有些過於絕對。所以不能同意讓孩子太早參

加家務活動更好寫一些。
•   儘管讓孩子做家務有很多的好處……
•   讓過早參與家務勞動,而不顧孩子的承受能力,可能會導致孩子的逆反心理

(antagonistic psychology),反倒達不到教育目的。
•   要先讓孩子明白做家務的好處,讓他縣甘情願地去做才能達到教育的目的。

135. Some high schools require all students to wear school uniforms.

Other high schools permit students to decide what to wear to school.

Which of these two school policies do you think is better? Use specific

reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參見:範文

136. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing a

game is fun only when you win. Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意,only是絕對修飾詞。
•   玩遊戲的快樂不一定來自於輸贏。
•   有些遊戲是有輸贏的,而另外一些遊戲時沒有輸贏的。
•   過於在乎輸贏,將導致遊戲失去意義。

137. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? High schools

should allow students to study the courses that students want to study.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
傾向于認為高中生應該服從學校安排。
•   依據教育的課程安排是有一定科學道理的,學一些沒必要的課程佔用太多時間

,對學生未來考大學可能不利。
•   而相應地,學校也有責任隨著時代的發展,不停地改進課程安排。讓學生們可

以得到真正有用的教育。
•   最根本的原因在於大多數高中生仍然不具備可信的判斷能力
相關題目:[14]

138. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better

to be a member of a group than to be the leader of a group. Use specific

reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
•   討論做leader的好處:主動,可以操縱更多的資源,獲得更多;缺點:風險大
•   討論做member的好處:安逸;沒有風險;缺點:收穫較小
•   做leader和member一定程度上與一個人的性格有關。
•   另外,還要看是做什麼的group。視情況而定。

139. What do you consider to be the most important room in a house? Why

is this room more important to you than any other room? Use specific

reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
比較自由的選擇,只要能夠列出三個理由。比如,洗手間。
參見:範文

140. Some items (such as clothes or furniture) can be made by hand or by

machine. Which do you prefer — items made by hand or items made by

machine? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice.
參考分析:
這道題相對[101]就要具體很多。不過選擇比較自由,無論選哪一種都行,只要列出

幾個好的理由。(注意,傢俱也有很多種,根據不同的種類,也可以有不同的偏好)
•   手工:可以按照特定要求製作,有特色;成本高;
•   機械:一般批量生產,所以相對缺乏特色;成本低
相關題目:[101]

141. If you could make one important change in a school that you

attended, what change would you make? Use reasons and specific examples

to support your answer.
參見:[6]

142. A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can

contribute to a child's development. What gift would you give to help a

child develop? Why? Use reasons and specific examples to support your

choice.
參考分析:
可以使用it depends的策略,不同年齡的children可以有不同的選擇。
相關題目:[33]、[161]

143. Some people believe that students should be given one long vacation

each year. Others believe that students should have several short

vacations throughout the year. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use

specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
參考分析:
無所謂選擇哪一個立場。強調一個立場的種種理由的同時,不要忘了提及另外一個

立場的些許好處。然後採用讓步方式得出自己的結論。

144. Would you prefer to live in a traditional house or in a modern

apartment building? Use specific reasons and details to support your

choice.
參考分析:
選擇現代公寓更容易寫。相比傳統的房子:
主要是方便,設施更完整,上下水(sewerage system);互聯網接入(accessing

internet);有線電視系統(cable TV);煤氣供應(gas supply)……
容易清掃,清掃範圍少。

145. Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we

really do not need. Others say that advertisements tell us about new

products that may improve our lives. Which viewpoint do you agree with?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
傾向於同意後者
•   廣告的好處:介紹新產品;降低報紙、雜誌、電視節目的價格……
•   廣告的不良影響(可大多情況下,那不是廣告的錯,而是製作者的責任,這些可

以通過法制解決)
•   結論是,廣告有很多好處,也有一些不足,可是沒有廣告卻是不可以的。

146. Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people

prefer to spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to be

outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities? Use

specific reasons and examples to explain your choice.
參見:[110]

147. Your school has received a gift of money. What do you think is the

best way for your school to spend this money? Use specific reasons and

details to support your choice.
參考分析:
 [11]題中,已經討論過把錢花在圖書館上的重要性,所以,這道題要寫: 蓋一個

圖書館,給現有的圖書館賣更多的書。[167]本質上也是一樣的題目

148. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playing games

teaches us about life. Use specific reasons and examples to support your

answer.
參見:[60]

149. Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish. How

would you use this land? Use specific details to explain your answer.
參考分析:
可以採取It depends的策略:要看這片地有多大?在哪里?視情況而定。

150. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Watching

television is bad for children. Use specific details and examples to

support your answer.
不能同意,但是watching too much television is bad for children, and some

programs are really detrimental to children.
參考分析:
•   使兒童對文字失去耐心
•   使兒童變得孤僻
•   使兒童變得不喜歡活動
•   影響孩子的視力
    附件或圖片需登錄才能流覽
     已記錄  
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Re: 185個toefl作文題目分析
« 回站內短信 #4 於: 十一月 12, 2005, 11:26:55 pm »    
 
TOEFL作文題151-185

151. What is the most important animal in your country? Why is the animal

important? Use reasons and specific details to explain your answer.
參考分析:
可以假裝你是日本人,說三文魚很重要;也可以假裝你是韓國人,說狗很重要;可

以假裝你是美國人,說鸚鵡很重要;當然,就算你不加裝他國人士,也可以相出很

多動物,起碼,熊貓可以想到吧?如果你長在草原,馬很重要;如果你長在農村,

牛很重要。
要我寫,我會寫——豬。小時候就寫過文章《豬——渾身是寶》

152. Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such

as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is

disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. Use specific reasons

and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
很容易的選擇,以森林為例:
•   用一段陳述中國的森林被怎樣破壞,又是怎樣需要大量的樹木……
•   然後再說如果破壞了森林,會導致很多自然災害,進而產生經濟損失……
•   樹木的好處[155]有詳細地說明。

153. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? A zoo has no

useful purpose. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.
參考分析:
不能同意,no是絕對修飾詞。但是要指出確實有一些動物園不值得保留下去。
參見:範文

154. In some countries, people are no longer allowed to smoke in many

public places and office buildings. Do you think this is a good rule or a

bad rule? Use specific reasons and details to support your position.
參考分析:
當然是好規矩。吸煙的害處;在公共場合吸煙的害處:對不吸煙的人有害;可能引

起火災……吸煙沒有好處。

155. Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. What is one

kind of plant that is important to you or the people in your country? Use

specific reasons and details to explain your choice.
參考分析:
比如松樹。是北方最普遍的樹種;
•   也是做傢俱的最主要材料;
•   松子是很好的食品;
•   松脂也有很多用處
相關題目:[152]

156. You have the opportunity to visit a foreign country for two weeks.

Which country would you like to visit? Use specific reasons and details

to explain your choice.
參考分析:
有個學生很聰明。告訴我說,在考場上,他假裝自己是美國人,對中國非常感興趣

,所以就有很多話說(中國人怎能不瞭解中國呢!),所以6分。像這樣的題目,一定

要在平時練習的時候查一些資料,否則到了考場上肯定沒話可說。

157. In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by

using technology such as computers or television or of studying at

traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific

details to explain your choice.
參考分析:
選擇在學校讀書。可以列舉眾多的好處。不要忘了提及遠端教育的一點好處,比如

,SARS流行時期,北京就不得不開展遠端教育。

158. When famous people such as actors, athletes and rock stars give

their opinions, many people listen. Do you think we should pay attention

to these opinions? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

answer.
參考分析:
觀點:大多數時候,沒必要聽這些人的話。因為他們往往不是專家。然而也不能走

向絕對,這些人的意見在某些時候也 是對的,或者值得關注的。比如在一些場合中

:慈善演出(charities; charitable institution; charitable performance)。

159. The twentieth century saw great change. In your opinion, what is one

change that should be remembered about the twentieth century? Use

specific reasons and details to explain your choice.
參考分析:
這道題,與[178]比較相像。如果能找到一個20世紀與21世紀共同的變化,那麼就可

以寫一篇文章應對兩道題目。比如:中國的巨大變革(經濟上、政治上、文化上的變

化)。

160. When people need to complain about a product or poor service, some

prefer to complain in writing and others prefer to complain in person.

Which way do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support

your answer.
參考分析:
可以採取it depends的策略,要看是什麼樣的問題。也可以先比較,後選擇。
•   書信投訴:有條理;避免衝動、更加理性;可以直接與高層溝通;也可以向媒

體投訴;但是可能石沉大海(like a stone dropped [sank] into the sea — no

echo)
•   當面投訴:可能是最快解決問題的方式;相比文字,有更多的表達方式,比如

appeal to emotion; appeal to pity等等;但是如果缺乏控制,可能會引起爭吵,

反倒使情況惡化。
相關題目:[69]

161. People remember special gifts or presents that they have received.

Why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
因為特殊的禮物帶來的特殊的意義,或者特殊的改變。
相關題目:[33]、[142]

162. Some famous athletes and entertainers earn millions of dollars every

year. Do you think these people deserve such high salaries? Use specific

reasons and examples to support your opinion.
參考分析:
儘管是有一些不公平,但是這些人收入高是有其道理的。
•   每個行業的薪酬不同是正常的現象
•   娛樂、體育行業(industry)是市場最廣闊的行業,也就是說是銷售額最大的行

業,而這樣的行業,薪酬很高根本不奇怪。
•   很多人認為歌星只不過唱一首歌就可以賺很多錢,非常不公平,這是膚淺的看

法。要知道明星成名背後的辛苦。
•   每個國家都徵收所得稅(income tax),要知道很多明星收入的60%是用來交稅的

。他們對社會的貢獻也非常大。

163. Is the ability to read and write more important today than in the

past? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

answer.
參考分析:
一定程度上,同意這個說法。(In a sense, it is true that…)
•   閱讀並理解(Comprehend)的能力,在資訊過度豐富的今天,更加重要。現代人

的閱讀量要比過去高出許多倍(過去大學生就是很高的學歷,現在博士後

[postdoctoral]才算是高學歷)。需要更多的能力去辨別真偽。
•   寫作的能力更是如此,比如在工作中,寫報告是一項重要內容,公司的規模越

大,越是如此。沒有寫作能力,就等於沒有升遷機會。

164. People do many different things to stay healthy. What do you do for

good health? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
保持身體健康的最直接方式就是“鍛煉”(take exercise; have physical training)



鍛 煉身體的方式很多,慢跑(jogging),爬樓(climbing stairs),爬山(climbing)

,健身房(gymnasium; gym; fitness centre)器械鍛煉(body building),健美操

(aerobics dancing[exercises]),籃球、足球、羽毛球(badminton)、網球

(tennis),游泳……
(就算你平時根本不鍛煉也要)選擇一個,說明為什麼那種方式能給你帶來好處以及

帶來了什麼樣的好處。

另外,中國學生還有讓老外跌眼鏡的:武術(wushu/kongfu);氣功(qigong);太極

(Tai Ji)——全都是拼音,老外還得看懂,難為批卷的人了。

165. You have decided to give several hours of your time each month to

improve the community where you live. What is one thing you will do to

improve your community? Why? Use specific reasons and details to explain

your choice.
參見:[6]

166. People recognize a difference between children and adults. What

events (experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult? Use specific

reasons and examples to explain your answer.
參考分析:
•   Difference between children and adults: 成熟(mature);獨立

(independent);獨立思考(critical thinking);解決問題(problem solving);自

我責任(self-responsible)……
•   Event: 畢業典禮、18歲生日……

167. Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for

students or books for the library. Which should your school choose to buy

— computers or books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

recommendation.
參考分析:
資金分配問題,參見:[11]的分析。
選擇書籍,理由更多一些:
•   電腦會貶值;
•   電腦並不萬能;沒有好的軟體,就是廢物,而軟體又是很大的花費
•   網路資料不完整,無權威性;

168. Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their

home countries. Why do some students study abroad? Use specific reasons

and details to explain your answer.
參考分析:
其實,只不過是把[1]的文章稍微改一改
•   增加經驗、拓展知識、開闊視野(尤其現在跨國企業那麼多,那麼好)
•   為了實現理想(如,周恩來就是為中華之崛起而讀書,所以他到法國留學去了)
•   為了保證將來的就業機會
•   父母要求子女上出國
•   別人都出國了,所以自己也選擇出國
相關題目:[1]

169. People listen to music for different reasons and at different times.

Why is music important to many people? Use specific reasons and examples

to support your choice.
參考分析:
 [96]給出了一個重要的理由:
Music provides an opportunity to escape the stress and difficulties of

modern life.
再想出兩個理由就可以了。比如,
•   流行歌曲可以滿足人們宣洩的要求(the desire to get something deep in

the heart off one's chest; unbosom oneself; ),可以滿足人們的幻想;
•   音樂還可以告訴人們很多其他國家的事情(文化、價值觀等等)[82]、[183]

170. Groups or organizations are an important part of some people's

lives. Why are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific

reasons and examples to explain your answer.
參考分析:
眾多理由中包括:不寂寞;歸屬感(togetherness);過得更多的資訊;資源分享……
參見:範文

171. Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from

your home for a year. In addition to clothing and personal care items,

you can take one additional thing. What would you take and why? Use

specific reasons and details to support your choice.
參考分析:
電腦、全家福照片、書、光碟……(但是要注意,根據題目,不能選clothing and

personal care items)

172. When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems.

How can schools help these students with their problems? Use specific

reasons and examples to explain your answer.
參考分析:
以下是大學生剛剛入學可能遇到的問題:
•   留學生面臨文化衝突
•   心理問題,比如想家,獨立性不夠……
•   不瞭解本地地理
•   不懂本地方言(廣州)
•   學習方法不適應
•   面對眾多選修課程不知所措
•   不等的使用圖書館資源
如何提供幫助?
•   設置相應課程,輔導老師
•   舉辦相應活動
•   設置網站,fqa列表

173. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or

damage the friendship. Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and

specific examples to explain your answer.
參考分析:
不同意比較好寫一些(因為同意的話,顯得心裏陰暗)
•   確實,有些時候,借錢給朋友之後,朋友之間的關係不再那麼單純、友好了——

再沒有利益關係存在的時候,友誼顯得更美好;
•   然而,破壞友誼的不是借錢這件事情,是借債者的人格問題;
•   另外,借錢可能也是考驗友誼的好機會。

174. Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is

your generation different from your parents' generation? Use specific

reasons and examples to explain your answer.
參考分析:
•   所受教育程度(過去大學生很少,現在大學生很普遍[163])
•   對於人生各個方面的態度,比如,金錢、婚姻、成功;
•   過去的人顯得價值觀單一,現在的人更加多元化(diversified)
•   現在的孩子更加早熟(Children tend to be more premature than their

former counterparts ),主要原因是隨著媒體的發達,影響孩子的因素增多了。

175. Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the

talking) in class. Other students prefer classes where the students do

some of the talking. Which type of class do you prefer? Give specific

reasons and details to support your choice.
參考分析:
先進行比較:各有各的好處:
•   只有教師一個人講課的課堂:在保證教師質量的前提下,可以對某一專題進行

更深入地分析;對學生的素質要求低一些;
•   學生參與交談的課堂:對學生的素質要求高一些;不適合學習深奧的課題;
至於選擇,要看是什麼樣的科目。
參見:範文

176. Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday,

what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to

celebrate it? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
參見:[79]

177. A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it

either
• to go on vacation
• to buy a car
Your friend has asked you for advice. Compare your friend's two choices

and explain which one you think your friend should choose. Use specific

reasons and details to support your choice.
參考分析:
選擇買車可能更好寫一些,因為[36]、[70]、[106]都寫過關於automobile的話題;

並且,有了汽車,將來旅行就更方便了。

178. The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new

century will bring? Use examples and details in your answer.
參見:[159]

179. What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific

details and examples to explain your answer.
參見:[15]

180. Movies are popular all over the world. Explain why movies are so

popular. Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
人們喜歡電影是因為:
•   電影能夠滿足人們的幻想
•   電影能使滿足人們的好奇(瞭解其他國家的很多事情[183])
•   電影是最經濟的娛樂手段(金錢上、精力上[127])
參見:範文
相關題目:[127]、[183]

181. In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its

natural condition or is there more need for land to be developed for

housing and industry? Use specific reasons and examples to support your

answer.
參考分析:
注意,根據題目要求,一定要結合我們國家的情況去說。中國人口密度很高,所以

,我們選擇後者應該更容易寫一些。
•   中國解決住房的需求(要地,也要資本)
•   發展工業能夠解決資本問題
•   發展工業,也能解決失業問題,進一步繁榮經濟

182. Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people

treat their birds, cats, or other animals as members of their family. In

your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific

reasons and examples to support your answer.
參考分析:
與寵物非常親密,有好處,也有不好的地方。
•   好處:不寂寞;每個人都有愛心;閒暇時間有心理寄託

(spiritual/psychological sustenance);
•   缺點:人會變得孤僻;髒;寵物可能傳染病毒

183. Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. What

have you learned about a country from watching its movies? Use specific

examples and details to support your response.
參考分析:
通過電影可以瞭解一個國家的
•   經濟、科技
•   風俗、習慣
•   歷史、文化
•   價值觀念
•   ……
相關題目:[82]、[180]

184. Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a

group of students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples

to support your answer.
參考分析:
可以採取it depends的策略,要看學什麼科目。
•   有的科目,自己有足夠的自學能力,就單獨學,可以進一步提高自己的學習能

力;
•   而有些剛剛入門的科目,往往需要別人的幫助,所以喜歡跟同學們一起學習。
也可以採取先比較,後選擇的方法。
•   自己學習:安靜;有效率;制定計劃更容易;提高自學能力;本質上,學習靠

自己;但是有時自己可能解決不了問題;也可能使自己變得孤立……
•   與大家一起學:可以向更優秀的學生求助;幫助別人解答問題也會使自己對問

題的瞭解更深刻;與同學們保持良好的關係;但是也可能因為某些人浪費時間,缺

乏效率……

185. You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business.

Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your

choice.
參考分析:
不要被"enough"所迷惑了,這是一個很含混(highly ambiguous)的詞。可以採取it

depends的策略,要看錢的數量是多少。
•   10萬:買不了什麼好房子,所以去做生意
•   20萬:用5萬付首期(the first installment),用剩下的做生意
•   50萬:買一棟30萬的房子,剩下的錢做生意
•   100萬:買一棟50萬的房子,剩下的錢用來慢慢享受
也可以直接選一個,然後說出理由。
•   買房子:可以用來孝敬父母;可以讓全家享受;而且會增值;很少的風險。
•   做生意:可以鍛煉能力;運營得好的話可以賺很多錢,能買更好的房子;但是

風險很大。







00-06全部託福作文題總結
2006-5-29 14:30

    (00-01)(00-08) 45) Many students choose to attend schools or

universities outside their home countries. Why do some students study

abroad? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer. 很多學

生選擇國外讀書。為什麼?
    (00-05) 63) Some people think that they can learn better by

themselves than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to

have a teacher. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop

your essay. 有人喜歡自己學習,有人喜歡跟老師學。 你喜歡什麼?
    (00-10)3) It has recently been announced that a large shopping

center may be built in your neighborhood. Do you support or oppose this

plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. 你

家附近將要建一個大型購物中心。你同意還是反對,詳細闡述支持你看法的原因。
    (01-01) 89) People recognize a difference between children and

adults. What events (experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult

? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer. 童年和成人之

間有差異。什麼事件或經歷是一個小孩成長成大人?
    (01-05)1) A company has announced that it wishes to build a large

factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of

this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the

factory? Explain your position.一個公司要在你家附近建一個大工廠。討論好

處與壞處,你同意還是反對,闡明原因。
    (01-08) 19) If you could invent something new, what product would

you develop? Use specific details to explain why this invention is

needed.如果你能夠發明一件新的東西, 你會發明什麼?
    01-10)(05-01) 73) It is generally agreed that society benefits

from the work of its members. Compare the contributions of artists to

society with the contributions of scientists to society. Which type of

contribution do you think is valued more by your society? Give specific

reasons to support your answer.       比較藝術家和科學家對社會的貢獻,在

你們國家哪種貢獻受到更加的尊重?
    (2002/1/19)155) How do movies or television influence people‘s

behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.     

電影電視如何影響人們的行為?
    (02——05) 173) When people move to another country, some of them

decide to follow the customs of the new country. Others prefer to keep

their own customs. Compare these two choices. Which one do you prefer?

Support your answer with specific details.當人們移居到另外一個國家時候,

有些人決定入鄉隨俗,另外有些人則保持自己的風俗,比較這兩種選擇。你喜歡哪

個?
    (02-08) 132) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement

? People are never satisfied with what they have; they always want

something more or something different. Use specific reasons to support

your answer.   人們永遠對自己擁有的不滿意,總是希望一些更多更不同的東西,

同意與否?
    (02-09) 117) Some people like doing work by hand. Others prefer

using machines. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples

to support your answer.有些人喜歡做手工,另外有些人喜歡機器,你喜歡哪個?
    02-10) 57) Some people choose friends who are different from

themselves. Others choose friends who are similar to themselves. Compare

the advantages of having friends who are different from you with the

advantages of having friends who are similar to you. Which kind of friend

do you prefer for yourself? Why?有些人喜歡和自己不同的 人交朋友,另外有

些人選擇和自己相似的人交朋友。 比較兩者的好處。 你喜歡什麼樣的朋友?
    (03-01) 87) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement

? A person‘s childhood years (the time from birth to twelve years of

age) are the most important years of a person’s life. Use specific

reasons and examples to support your answer.童年是一生最重要的時間。
    (03-08) 75) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement

? High schools should allow students to study the courses that students

want to study. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

      高中應該准許學生學習他們喜歡的課程嗎?
    (03-10) 38) Some people think governments should spend as much

money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the

Moon and to other planets)。 Other people disagree and think governments

should spend this money for our basic needs on Earth. Which of these two

opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support

your answer.有些人認為政府應當盡可能地花錢探索宇宙(比如登月或其他星球)

。 令有些人認為政府應該把錢用在我們基本的需求上。你贊同哪種觀點?
    (04-01) 124) Schools should ask students to evaluate their

teachers. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to

support your answer.學校應該讓學生評價老師,同意與否?
    (04-05) 42) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement

? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students‘

sports activities as they give to their university libraries. Use

specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.學校花在圖書館上的

錢應該和學生體育活動的錢一樣多?你贊同該觀點嗎?
    04-08) 164) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Watching television is bad for children. Use specific details and

examples to support your answer.看電視對孩子有壞處,同意與否?
    K1W(04-10) 71) Do you agree or disagree with the following

statement? People should read only those books that are about real

events, real people, and established facts. Use specific reasons and

details to support your opinion人們只應該讀關於現實的書, 比如關於真實的

人和事的書,同意與否?
    (04-11)People have different ways of escaping the stress and

difficulties of modern life. Some read; some exercise; others work in

their gardens. What do you think are the best ways of reducing stress?

Use specific details and examples in your answer.
    (05-01)(此題目2001.10已考過)
    It is generally agreed that society benefits from the work of its

members. Compare the contributions of artists to society with the

contributions of scientists to society. Which type of contribution do you

think is valued more by your society? Give specific reasons to support

your answer.
    (05-05)Some people think that they can learn better by themselves

than with a teacher. Others think that it is always better to have a

teacher. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons to develop your

essay.
    (05-10)
    本次作文題目166. People recognize a difference between children and

adults. What events (experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult

? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.
    (05-11)
    170) Groups or organizations are an important part of some people‘s

lives. Why are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific

reasons and examples to explain your answer. 團體或組織是一些人生活的重要

組成部分。為什麼組成團體或組織對人們很重要?
    (0601)
    97. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers

should be paid according to how much their students learn. Give specific

reasons and examples to support your opinion.