HOST FAMILY Programming - Who/What/Where

Organisation Where the Assessment was Conducted Assessment  Type Findings Response (Current and/or Planned) Data Collected
ACTED Bas Artibonite: Desdunes, Estere, Marchand Dessalines, Dessalines, Petite Riviere, Saint Marc and Grande Saline Various sources: interviews with mayors, local authorities (CASECs), schools, host families and IDP families. • 96% of IDPs were living with immediate  family
• Children registered in schools in the area has increased 10%
• With IDPs host family sizes have increased to an average of 7-12 people
• 50% of IDPs have the intesion to move into the host community permanently
• Host families identified their needs through food, health and education
• IDPs identified their needs through access to work and liquid capital, food and health
Integrating findings into vulnerability criteria used for beneficiary selection, looking for partners to implement projects specifically targeting Host Families. March - April 2010
CARE Léogâne & Carrefour House household surveys as a part of a shelter needs assessment identified those reporting to be hosting, secondary survey being piloted now targeting the host households and to learn more about IDP family's situation and stability of hosting Very preliminary findings from Carrefour suggest that:
Many identified IDPs were being hosted before the earthquake
• Some IDPs have already left Carrefour and in some cases the host family is unaware of where the IDPs now are
Planning shelter and/or NFI driven interventions in short term but with medium term community-based follow up interventions on broader preparedness, risk reduction, micro planning around livelihoods. Looking for partners for implementation of repair projects. April-Present 2010
CHF Cap Haitien: Cap, Limonade, Limbé and St. Marc Meetings with local authorities including mayors and focus groups based on previous registration of IDPs for local authorities Most IDPs are adults and mainly women
• There are people or associations who have rented or lent houses to host IDPs
• A significant number of host families were 'visibly' tired of the hosting situation
• Both IDPs and host families said they needed work, food, financial assistance and schooling grants to sustain their arrangements
• IDPs and hosts often had no plan to cope with their situations, some IDPs said that they would be willing to stay if they could find some help
• Few IDPs were able to financially contribute to the household
Emphasis of household level choice through the provision of a 'menu' of support options, each valued at $850USD, from which beneficiaries can choose from a selection of livelihoods, shelter, agricultural and other options.  At present this assistance is targetted in Cap, Limonade and Limbé March - April 2010
Les Cayes: Torbeck Arniquet, Chantal, Camp Perrin Preliminary assessments, household assessments, focus group surveys and validation. • Adult IDPs had already started returning to affected areas in search of work and other opportunities - this also made it difficult to verify the existence of IDPs
• Children were being left behind with host families to be registered in schools
• 93% of the IDPs were being hosted by first or second degree relatives
• The average host family had 9.2 members, 4.7 hosted
• Many homes were poorly built and too small to accomodate the number of people there
• Nearly half the IDP families showed some willingness for some or all of their family to return to earthquake affected areas
  The ratio of economically active population to total population was 1:9
• 55% of families with children reported having registered them in schools within the host community
Shelter, as previously predicted, was not the main concern of the host community.  The study proposes that livelihoods and education along with psychosocial support of IDP children should be prioritized with renovation and enlargement of public schools as other essential goals.  These support mechanisms will use Host Community approaches often using schools as a platform. April-May 2010;

Camp Perrin in May
St Marc and Gonaives Scoping study Findings thus far: similar results to IFRC's study in Les Cayes To be determined but likely in line with Les Cayes. May - ongoing
MERCY CORPS Plateau Central: Mirebalais and Hinche House household surveys carried out by local students They have just completed 20,000 surveys.  As data entry has just begun the only preliminary findings learned thus far is that many IDPs have returned.   Mercy Corps is planning on using the findings of this programme to register beneficiaries for their cash grant and Cash for Work programme in Plateau Central. April-June 2010
ORE Camp-Perrin: Centre, 1st, 2nd and 3rd sections Household surveys administered to IDPs registered in the area • IDPs represented an increase of 22% of the population
• 55% of IDP were female
• Most hosting families were found to host 4 IDPs
• Only 8% of IDPs previously worked in agriculture, this demonstrates that the majority of IDPs came from urban areas
• 42% of IDPs had a background in construction
• More than work, schooling was the major 'pull' factor to Port-au-Prince

n/a mar-10
TEARFUND Léogâne: Citronniers, Cormiers, Gros Morne
Grand Goâve: Grande Colline
Gressier: Petit Boucan
Rapid Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment using focus group discussions, a random sample of individual questionnaires, household observation, and general environment observation • Extended families were camping beside their hosts' homes under flimsy cotton sheets propped up
• Hosting was found to affect shelter, food stocks, water supplies, school intake and petty trade environment
• The presence of additional children in rural areas was adding to the need for more schools
• Host families limited food stocks were running out
• Room for hosting was insufficient
Tearfund is planning on implementing a projects to ensure the provision of education, improved access to livelihoods, transitional shelters and ensure that the water and sanitation situation in the area is improved and accompanied by improvements in hygiene behaviour.  feb-10
UNICEF Artibonite: Gonaïves, Saint Marc; Plateau Central: Hinche; Sud: Les Cayes and Grand Anse: Jeremie Rapid Assessment using focus group discussions Some preliminary findings from the data which was still being analysed at the time of this report:
• In some areas such as Hinche and rural areas of Saint-Marc IDPs were mainly from Port-au-Prince and had wanted to stay with their host families.  In other areas such as Gonaives and Les Cayes the Port-au-Prince IDPs wanted to move back but did not have the means to do so (e.g. rent, school fees)
• It was universally expressed that in all locations income generating activities and support for employment (e.g. microcredit, vocational training and cash-for-work) would incentivise IDPs to stay in the host community.
• It was universally expressed that IDPs were unable to afford educational costs and/or that there was a lack of space for IDP students to attend classes
• Families in Hinche and Les Cayes raised the fact that many host families lacked the means to purchase food, their economic situation already being precarious prior to the earthquake
n/a abr-10