TEs are genetic units capable of movement within the genome. As a consequence of this mobility, these elements are mutagenic agents and their activity produces structural changes in single genes or overall genome followed by altered spatial and temporal patterns of gene expression and, ultimately, gene function. They are present in all living organisms and in some large genomes (e.g. maize) they represent over 50% of nuclear DNA, providing an enormous source of variability that can be used to create novel genes or modify genetic functions. It has been realized that TEs are important source to develop molecular markers because they are highly polymorphic in terms of insertion sites and their internal structure. For modern plant breeding, cultivare improvements, the use of TEs' insertion pattern polymorphism as molecular markers for cultivar identification.
Once considered as junk DNA, transposons have unlimited uses and importances. From agents for mutagenesis to tools for Gene tagging and molecular breeding, recently they have been used as a major break through as the agents for gene therapy in medical sciences.
Currently I am working on improvement of rice photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is very important, complex as well as interesting process to research on. With global climate change, it is necessary to make rice photosynthesis system more efficient and their is potential as well.