The Rails Tutorial takes an intuitive approach to testing that emphasizes the behavior of the application rather than its precise implementation, a variant of test-driven development (TDD) known as behavior-driven development (BDD). Our main tools will be integration tests (starting in this section) and unit tests (starting in Chapter 6). Integration tests, known as request specs in the context of RSpec, allow us to simulate the actions of a user interacting with our application using a web browser. Together with the natural-language syntax provided by Capybara, integration tests provide a powerful method to test our application’s functionality without having to manually check each page with a browser. (Another popular choice for BDD, called Cucumber, is introduced in Section 8.3.)
By writing a failing test first and then implementing the application code to get it to pass, we increase our confidence that the test is actually covering the functionality we think it is.
Moreover, the fail-implement-pass development cycle induces a flow state, leading to enjoyable coding and high productivity.
Flow is the mental state of operation in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and enjoyment in the process of the activity.
FLOW IS CHARACTERIZED BY COMPLETE ABSORPTION IN WHAT ONE DOES
high skill & high challenge => FLOW
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