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awk -F"\t" 'print $2 $3 $3 + 5' | head      take the 2nd, thrid and thrid clumn plus 5 separated by tab

HANDY ONE-LINE SCRIPTS FOR AWK                               30 April 2008
Compiled by Eric Pement - eric [at]               version 0.27

Latest version of this file (in English) is usually at:


   Unix: awk '/pattern/ {print "$1"}'    # standard Unix shells
DOS/Win: awk '/pattern/ {print "$1"}'    # compiled with DJGPP, Cygwin
         awk "/pattern/ {print \"$1\"}"  # GnuWin32, UnxUtils, Mingw

To conserve space, I normally use '1' instead of '{print}' to print each
 line. Either one will work. FILE SPACING: # double space a file awk '1;{print ""}' awk 'BEGIN{ORS="\n\n"};1' # double space a file which already has blank lines in it. Output file # should contain no more than one blank line between lines of text. # NOTE: On Unix systems, DOS lines which have only CRLF (\r\n) are # often treated as non-blank, and thus 'NF' alone will return TRUE. awk 'NF{print $0 "\n"}' # triple space a file awk '1;{print "\n"}' NUMBERING AND CALCULATIONS: # precede each line by its line number FOR THAT FILE (left alignment). # Using a tab (\t) instead of space will preserve margins. awk '{print FNR "\t" $0}' files* # precede each line by its line number FOR ALL FILES TOGETHER, with tab. awk '{print NR "\t" $0}' files* # number each line of a file (number on left, right-aligned) # Double the percent signs if typing from the DOS command prompt. awk '{printf("%5d : %s\n", NR,$0)}' # number each line of file, but only print numbers if line is not blank # Remember caveats about Unix treatment of \r (mentioned above) awk 'NF{$0=++a " :" $0};1' awk '{print (NF? ++a " :" :"") $0}' # count lines (emulates "wc -l") awk 'END{print NR}' # print the sums of the fields of every line awk '{s=0; for (i=1; i<=NF; i++) s=s+$i; print s}' # add all fields in all lines and print the sum awk '{for (i=1; i<=NF; i++) s=s+$i}; END{print s}' # print every line after replacing each field with its absolute value awk '{for (i=1; i<=NF; i++) if ($i < 0) $i = -$i; print }' awk '{for (i=1; i<=NF; i++) $i = ($i < 0) ? -$i : $i; print }' # print the total number of fields ("words") in all lines awk '{ total = total + NF }; END {print total}' file # print the total number of lines that contain "Beth" awk '/Beth/{n++}; END {print n+0}' file # print the largest first field and the line that contains it # Intended for finding the longest string in field #1 awk '$1 > max {max=$1; maxline=$0}; END{ print max, maxline}' # print the number of fields in each line, followed by the line awk '{ print NF ":" $0 } ' # print the last field of each line awk '{ print $NF }' # print the last field of the last line awk '{ field = $NF }; END{ print field }' # print every line with more than 4 fields awk 'NF > 4' # print every line where the value of the last field is > 4 awk '$NF > 4' STRING CREATION: # create a string of a specific length (e.g., generate 513 spaces) awk 'BEGIN{while (a++<513) s=s " "; print s}' # insert a string of specific length at a certain character position # Example: insert 49 spaces after column #6 of each input line. gawk --re-interval 'BEGIN{while(a++<49)s=s " "};{sub(/^.{6}/,"&" s)};1' ARRAY CREATION: # These next 2 entries are not one-line scripts, but the technique # is so handy that it merits inclusion here. # create an array named "month", indexed by numbers, so that month[1] # is 'Jan', month[2] is 'Feb', month[3] is 'Mar' and so on. split("Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec", month, " ") # create an array named "mdigit", indexed by strings, so that # mdigit["Jan"] is 1, mdigit["Feb"] is 2, etc. Requires "month" array for (i=1; i<=12; i++) mdigit[month[i]] = i TEXT CONVERSION AND SUBSTITUTION: # IN UNIX ENVIRONMENT: convert DOS newlines (CR/LF) to Unix format awk '{sub(/\r$/,"")};1' # assumes EACH line ends with Ctrl-M # IN UNIX ENVIRONMENT: convert Unix newlines (LF) to DOS format awk '{sub(/$/,"\r")};1' # IN DOS ENVIRONMENT: convert Unix newlines (LF) to DOS format awk 1 # IN DOS ENVIRONMENT: convert DOS newlines (CR/LF) to Unix format # Cannot be done with DOS versions of awk, other than gawk: gawk -v BINMODE="w" '1' infile >outfile # Use "tr" instead. tr -d \r <infile >outfile # GNU tr version 1.22 or higher # delete leading whitespace (spaces, tabs) from front of each line # aligns all text flush left awk '{sub(/^[ \t]+/, "")};1' # delete trailing whitespace (spaces, tabs) from end of each line awk '{sub(/[ \t]+$/, "")};1' # delete BOTH leading and trailing whitespace from each line awk '{gsub(/^[ \t]+|[ \t]+$/,"")};1' awk '{$1=$1};1' # also removes extra space between fields # insert 5 blank spaces at beginning of each line (make page offset) awk '{sub(/^/, " ")};1' # align all text flush right on a 79-column width awk '{printf "%79s\n", $0}' file* # center all text on a 79-character width awk '{l=length();s=int((79-l)/2); printf "%"(s+l)"s\n",$0}' file* # substitute (find and replace) "foo" with "bar" on each line awk '{sub(/foo/,"bar")}; 1' # replace only 1st instance gawk '{$0=gensub(/foo/,"bar",4)}; 1' # replace only 4th instance awk '{gsub(/foo/,"bar")}; 1' # replace ALL instances in a line # substitute "foo" with "bar" ONLY for lines which contain "baz" awk '/baz/{gsub(/foo/, "bar")}; 1' # substitute "foo" with "bar" EXCEPT for lines which contain "baz" awk '!/baz/{gsub(/foo/, "bar")}; 1' # change "scarlet" or "ruby" or "puce" to "red" awk '{gsub(/scarlet|ruby|puce/, "red")}; 1' # reverse order of lines (emulates "tac") awk '{a[i++]=$0} END {for (j=i-1; j>=0;) print a[j--] }' file* # if a line ends with a backslash, append the next line to it (fails if # there are multiple lines ending with backslash...) awk '/\\$/ {sub(/\\$/,""); getline t; print $0 t; next}; 1' file* # print and sort the login names of all users awk -F ":" '{print $1 | "sort" }' /etc/passwd # print the first 2 fields, in opposite order, of every line awk '{print $2, $1}' file # switch the first 2 fields of every line awk '{temp = $1; $1 = $2; $2 = temp}' file # print every line, deleting the second field of that line awk '{ $2 = ""; print }' # print in reverse order the fields of every line awk '{for (i=NF; i>0; i--) printf("%s ",$i);print ""}' file # concatenate every 5 lines of input, using a comma separator # between fields awk 'ORS=NR%5?",":"\n"' file PRINTING OF CERTAIN LINES: # print first 10 lines of file (emulates behavior of "head") awk 'NR < 11' # print first line of file (emulates "head -1") awk 'NR>1{exit};1' # print the last 2 lines of a file (emulates "tail -2") awk '{y=x "\n" $0; x=$0};END{print y}' # print the last line of a file (emulates "tail -1") awk 'END{print}' # print only lines which match regular expression (emulates "grep") awk '/regex/' # print only lines which do NOT match regex (emulates "grep -v") awk '!/regex/' # print any line where field #5 is equal to "abc123" awk '$5 == "abc123"' # print only those lines where field #5 is NOT equal to "abc123" # This will also print lines which have less than 5 fields. awk '$5 != "abc123"' awk '!($5 == "abc123")' # matching a field against a regular expression awk '$7 ~ /^[a-f]/' # print line if field #7 matches regex awk '$7 !~ /^[a-f]/' # print line if field #7 does NOT match regex # print the line immediately before a regex, but not the line # containing the regex awk '/regex/{print x};{x=$0}' awk '/regex/{print (NR==1 ? "match on line 1" : x)};{x=$0}' # print the line immediately after a regex, but not the line # containing the regex awk '/regex/{getline;print}' # grep for AAA and BBB and CCC (in any order on the same line) awk '/AAA/ && /BBB/ && /CCC/' # grep for AAA and BBB and CCC (in that order) awk '/AAA.*BBB.*CCC/' # print only lines of 65 characters or longer awk 'length > 64' # print only lines of less than 65 characters awk 'length < 64' # print section of file from regular expression to end of file awk '/regex/,0' awk '/regex/,EOF' # print section of file based on line numbers (lines 8-12, inclusive) awk 'NR==8,NR==12' # print line number 52 awk 'NR==52' awk 'NR==52 {print;exit}' # more efficient on large files # print section of file between two regular expressions (inclusive) awk '/Iowa/,/Montana/' # case sensitive DELETION OF CERTAIN LINES: # delete ALL blank lines from a file (same as "grep '.' ") awk NF awk '/./' # remove duplicate, consecutive lines (emulates "uniq") awk 'a !~ $0; {a=$0}' # remove duplicate, nonconsecutive lines awk '!a[$0]++' # most concise script awk '!($0 in a){a[$0];print}' # most efficient script