Franklin Chang

My research examines the relationship between learning and processing through the use of connectionist models and human experiments.  I am a lecturer in the School of Psychology at the University of Liverpool and a member of the ESRC LUCID Centre on Language and Communicative Development.  Before coming here, I was an assistant professor in the Department of English Language and Literature at Hanyang University in Seoul, South Korea.  And before that, I was a research associate in the CLIP section of the Natural Language Research Group in the NTT Communication Science Laboratories near Kyoto, Japan.  I have also worked at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany with Michael Tomasello and Elena Lieven on issues in language acquisition. I did my PhD on sentence production in the Department of Psychology at University of Illinois (Beckman Institute) with Gary Dell and Kathryn Bock.   日本語のレベルは日本語能力試験N3です。


Workshops

Introduction to Linear Models in R , University of Kent, June 2014
Workshop on neural network modelling of language at MAPLL, University of Tokyo, August 2014

Publications           citations

Chang, F. (2018).  Early developing prerequisites for human interactive task learning. In K. A. Gluck and J. E. Laird (Eds), Interactive Task Learning: Agents, Robots, and Humans Acquiring New Tasks through Natural Interactions.  Cambridge MA: MIT Press

Tatsumi, T., Chang, F., & Pine, J. (submitted) The effect of frequency on acquisition is modulated by morpheme identity in eight Japanese adult-child corpora

Abbot-Smith, K., Chang, F., Rowland, C., Ferguson, H., & Pine, J. (submitted) Two and three year old children use an incremental first-NP-as-agent bias to process transitive sentences

Janciauskas, M. & Chang, F. (in press) Input and age-dependent variation in second language learning: A connectionist account.  Cognitive Science

Fitz, H. & Chang, F. (2017) Meaningful questions: The acquisition of auxiliary inversion in a connectionist model of sentence production. Cognition, 166, 225-250       publisher

Chan, A., Yang, W., Chang, F., & Kidd, E. (2017) Four-year-old Cantonese-speaking children’s online processing of relative clauses: A permutation analysis.  Journal of Child Language, 1-30 

Lawson, R., Chang, F., & Wills, A. (2017). Free classification of large sets of everyday objects is more thematic than taxonomic. Acta Psychologia, 172, 26-40. pdf 

Twomey, K., Chang, F., & Ambridge, B. (2016) Lexical distributional cues, but not situational cues, are readily used to learn abstract locative verb-structure associations.  Cognition, 153, 124–139  pdf    abstract

Chang, F., Choi, Y., & Ko, Y. (2015) Why loose rings can be tight: The role of learned object knowledge in the development of Korean spatial fit terms. Cognition, 136, 196-203    pdf    abstract

Peter, M., Chang, F., Pine, J.M., Blything, R., Rowland, C.F. (2015). When and how do children develop knowledge of verb argument structure? Evidence from verb bias effects in a structural priming task. Journal of Memory and Language, 81, 1-15  pdf   abstract

Chang, F. (2015) The role of learning in theories of English and Japanese processing.  In M. Nakayama (Ed), Handbook of Japanese Psycholinguistics. (pp. 353-386) Berlin:De Gruyter  draft pdf  publisher

Chang. F., Baumann, M., Pappert, S., and Fitz, H. (2015). Do lemmas speak German?: A verb position effect in German structural priming, Cognitive Science, 1-18  doi: 10.1111/cogs.12184  pdf    model details

Twomey, K., Chang, F., & Ambridge, B. (2014). Do as I say, not as I do: A lexical distributional account of English locative verb class acquisition.  Cognitive Psychology, 73, 41-71     pdf    model details

Chang, F. and Fitz, H. (2014) Computational models of sentence production: A Dual-path approach. In V. Ferreira, M. Goldrick, and M. Miozzo (Eds), The Oxford Handbook of Language Production, New York: Oxford University Press   pdf   online

Mayor, J., Gomez, P., Chang, F. & Lupyan G. (2014)  Connectionism coming of age: legacy and future challenges, Frontiers in Psychology, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00187     edited special issue on connectionism

Dell, G.S. & Chang, F. (2014).  The P-Chain: Relating sentence production and its disorders to comprehension and acquisition.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 369: 20120394, 1471-2970    abstract   pdf   audio of talk  

Ambridge, B., Pine, J. M, Rowland, C. F., Freudenthal, D.,  & Chang, F. (2014).  Avoiding dative overgeneralization errors: semantics, statistics or both? Language & Cognitive Processes, 29(2), 218-243

Chang, F., Kidd, E., and Rowland, C. F., (2013) Prediction in processing is a by-product of language learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(04), 350–351. Comment on Pickering and Garrod (2013) pdf of article and commentaries
 
Twomey, K., Chang, F., & Ambridge, B. (2013). A distributional learning account of the acquisition of the locative alternation: Corpus analysis and modeling. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society, Berlin   pdf

Janciauskas, M. and Chang, F. (2013) Verb bias and structural priming in non-linguistic grammar acquisition task. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society, Berlin   pdf

Ambridge, B., Pine, J.M., Rowland, C.F., Chang, F.  & Bidgood, A. (2013).  The retreat from overgeneralization in child language acquisition: Word learning, morphology and verb argument structure. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 4: 47–62.   pdf

Rowland, C.F., Chang, F., Ambridge, B., Pine, J.M., and Lieven, E. (2012) The development of abstract syntax: Evidence from structural priming and the lexical boost, Cognition, 125(1), 49-63  abstract and pdf   pdf

Chang, F., Janciauskas, M., and Fitz, H. (2012) Language adaptation and learning: Getting explicit about implicit learning.  Language and Linguistics Compass, 6 (5), 259-278   pdf

Ambridge, B., Pine, J.M.
, Rowland, C.F., and Chang, F. (2012)
The roles of verb semantics, entrenchment and morphophonology in the retreat from dative argument structure overgeneralization errors. Language, 88(1), 45-81   pdf

Fitz, H., Chang, F., and Christiansen, M. H. (2011). A connectionist account of the acquisition and processing of relative clauses. In E. Kidd (Ed.), The Acquisition of Relative Clauses (Vol 8), Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 39–60 pdf

Chang, F. (2009). Learning to order words: A connectionist model of heavy NP shift and accessibility effects in Japanese and English. Journal of Memory and Language, 61, 374-397. abstract and pdf     pdf     model details

Chang, F., Kobayashi, T., Amano, S. (2009). Social factors in the acquisition of a new word order. First Language, 29 (4), 427-445       abstract and pdf     pdf

Fitz, H. and Chang, F. (2009). Syntactic generalization in a connectionist model of sentence production. In Proceedings of the 11th Neural Computation and Psychology Workshop , Oxford University, July 2008, J. Mayor, N. Ruh, and K. Plunkett (editors). World Scientific Press.

Chang. F. (2008). Implicit learning as a mechanism of language change. Theoretical Linguistics. 34 (2), 115-122. abstract and pdf     pdf

Chang, F., Lieven, E., & Tomasello, M. (2008). Automatic evaluation of syntactic learners in typologically-different languages. Cognitive Systems Research, 9 (3), 198-213. abstract and pdf      pdf

Fitz, H. & Chang, F. (2008). The role of the input in a connectionist account of the accessibility hierarchy in development. Proceedings of the 32nd Boston University Conference on Language Development. 120-131. pdf

Bock, K., Dell, G. S., Chang, F., Onishi, K. (2007). Persistent structural priming from language comprehension to language production. Cognition, 104 (3), 437-458. abstract and pdf pdf

Chang, F., Lieven, E., & Tomasello, M. (2006). Using child utterances to evaluate syntax acquisition algorithms. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 154-159. pdf

Chang, F., Dell, G. S., & Bock, K. (2006). Becoming syntactic. Psychological Review, 113, 2, 234-272.
abstract and pdf      pdf             detailed model page

Yamashita, H., & Chang, F. (2006). Sentence production in Japanese. In M. Nakayama, R. Mazuka, & Y. Shirai (Eds.), Handbook of East Asian Psycholinguistics (Volume 2, Japanese), Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK., 291-297. pdf

Chang, F., Lieven, E., & Tomasello, M. (2005). Towards a quantitative corpus-based evaluation measure for syntactic theories. Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society, pp. 418-423. pdf

Chang, F., Bock, K., & Goldberg, A. (2003). Do thematic roles leave traces of their places? Cognition, 90(1) 29-49.
abstract and pdf pdf

Chang, F. (2002) Symbolically speaking: A connectionist model of sentence production. Cognitive Science, 26(5), 609-651.
abstract and pdf     correction         pdf           a nice summary

Dell, G. S., Chang, F., & Griffin, Z. M. (2001). Connectionist models of language production: Lexical access and grammatical encoding. In Christensen & Chater (Eds.), Connectionist Psycholinguistics . Westport, CT: Ablex
publisher's site

Yamashita, H., & Chang, F. (2001). "Long before short" preference in the production of a head-final language. Cognition, 81(2), B45-B55.
abstract and pdf pdf

Chang, F., Dell, G. S., Bock, K., & Griffin, Z. M. (2000). Structural priming as implicit learning: A comparison of models of sentence production. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 29(2), 217-229.
abstract and pdf pdf

Dell, G. S., Chang, F., & Griffin, Z. M. (1999). Connectionist models of language production: Lexical access and grammatical encoding. Cognitive Science, 23(4), 517-542.
abstract and pdf pdf

MacWhinney, B., & Chang, F. (1995). Connectionism and language learning. In C. A. Nelson (Ed.), Basic and applied perspectives on learning, cognition, and development. The Minnesota Symposia on Child Psychology (Vol. 28, pp. 33-57). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.


Translation

Anan, N. & Chang, F (2012). Can Eros Be the Basis of Resistance? [Erosu wa teikō no kyoten to nari uru ka]. Conversation between Mishima Yukio and Terayama Shūji. Translation for a retrospective of Shūji Terayama, "Who Can Say That We Should Not Live Like Dogs?" The Tate Modern, London, UK. March, 2012, 19-37.


Presentations


Chang, F. (2016) Linguistic adaptation as language learning: Linking L1 and L2 theories. Plenary talk presented at the Japanese Society for the Language Sciences, Tokyo, Japan

Fitz, H. & Chang, F. (2015) Prediction in error-based learning explains sentence-level ERP effects. Talk presented at the Architecture and Mechanisms of Language Processing Conference. Valletta, Malta

Chang, F. & Jessop, A. (2015). A cross-linguistic model of production and comprehension in visual worlds. Talk presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference, Los Angeles, USA

Fitz, H. & Chang, F. (2014) Learning structure-dependent processing from combinatorial meaning. Talk presented at the Architecture and Mechanisms of Language Processing Conference. Edinburgh, UK

Chang, F. & Konopka, A. E. (2014). Prediction gone wrong: A mouse-tracking study in sentence comprehension. Poster presented at the Architecture and Mechanisms of Language Processing Conference. Edinburgh, UK

Abbot-Smith, A., Chang, F., Rowland, C., Ferguson, H. & Pine, J. (2014). Multiple syntactic processing biases change over development. Poster presented at the Architecture and Mechanisms of Language Processing Conference. Edinburgh, UK

Janciauskas, M. and Chang, F. (2014). Do language learning mechanisms lose sensitivity to the input? Poster presented at the Architecture and Mechanisms of Language Processing Conference. Edinburgh, UK

Peter, M., Blything, R., Rowland, C., & Chang, F. (2012) The role of verb bias in structural priming: Evidence from children and adults. Talk presented at the Architecture and Mechanisms of Language Processing Conference. Riva del Garda, Italy

Chang, F. (2012, August) Towards a unified approach to acquisition, production, and comprehension.  Paper presented at the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Sapporo, Japan.

Chang, F. (2011, July)  A connectionist model of the acquisition of English and Korean spatial language
.  Paper presented at the 12th Congress of the International Association for the Study of Child Language.  Montreal, Canada

Chang, F. (2011, July) 
Using perceptual agency to guide syntax acquisition: A connectionist model.  Paper presented at the 12th Congress of the International Association for the Study of Child Language.  Montreal, Canada

Chang, F. & Kobayashi, T. (2010) Mapping between particles and intentionality in Japanese preferential looking. Poster presented at the Boston Conference on Language Development.  Boston, US   pdf

Chang, F. (2008, November) Weight-based processing biases in a connectionist model of English and Japanese syntax acquisition.  Poster presented at the Boston Conference on Language Development.  Boston, US    pdf

Chang, F., Kobayashi, T., & Amano, S. (2008, Aug) Social knowledge contextualizes the initial learning of a new word order.  Poster to be presented at the International Association for the Study of Child Language, Edinburgh, UK.    pdf

Chang, F., Yamashita, H., & Hirose, Y. (2008, March) Typing speed as a reflection of incremental sentence planning: Application of a new task to heavy NP shift in Japanese.  Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference.  Chapel Hill, US      pdf

Chang, F. (2008, March) A learning-based account of word order biases in English and Japanese sentence production.  Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference.  Chapel Hill, US      pdf

Chang, F. (2007, November) Comparing different approaches for using n-grams in syntax acquisition.  Poster presented at the Boston Conference on Language Development.  Boston, US    pdf

Chang, F., Kobayashi, T., & Amano, S. (2007, July) Social knowledge contextualizes syntactic representations in development.  Talk presented at the Mental Architecture for Processing and Learning of Language.  Hiroshima, Japan.

Chang, F. (2007, July) Some thoughts on the syntactic mind/body problem.  Poster presented at the Japanese Society for the Language Sciences. Sendai, Japan  pdf

Chang, F., Kobayashi, T., & Amano, S. (2007, March) Social cues contextualize syntactic representations in development.  Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference.  San Diego, CA  pdf

Chang, F. (2006, October).  Learning to Speak: A Connectionist Model of Syntax Acquisition and Sentence Production.  Invited talk presented at 8th International Forum on Language, Brain, and Cognition.  Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Chang, F. (2006, August).  Becoming syntactic.  Invited talk presented at the Third International Workshop on Language Production. Chicago, USA

Chang, F., Lieven, E., & Tomasello, M. (2006, July).   Unsupervised evaluation of syntax acquisition algorithms in typologically different languages.  Poster presented at the Child Language Seminar.  Newcastle, UK  pdf

Chang, F. (2006, July).  Becoming syntactic: Psycholinguistic, developmental, and evolutionary considerations.  Invited talk presented at the 5th International Workshop on Evolutionary Cognitive Sciences.  Tokyo University, Japan

Chang, F., Lieven, E., & Tomasello, M. (2006, June).  Comparing unsupervised syntax acquisition algorithms in twelve typologically-different languages.  Talk presented at the 8th Annual International Conference of the Japanese Society for Language Sciences.  Tokyo, Japan

Chang, F. (2005, July).  Becoming syntactic.  Invited talk presented at the Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam Symposium on Cognitive Development.  Amsterdam
summer school tutorial

Chang, F., Lieven, E., & Tomasello, M. (2005, March). Towards a quantitative corpus-based evaluation measure for syntactic theories. Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference, Tucson, AZ.    pdf

Yamashita, H., Chang, F., & Hirose, Y. (2005, March). Producers build structures only with overt arguments. Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference, Tucson, AZ.   pdf

Chang, F. (2004, November).  The development of the transitive construction: A connectionist account.  Paper presented at the Boston Conference on Language Development.  Boston, US

Yamashita, H., Chang, F., & Hirose, Y. (2003, August).  Language Dependent Aspects of Structural Priming.   Poster presented at the Architecture and Mechanism of Language Processing Conference.  Glasgow, UK    pdf

Chang, F. (2003, July).  Connectionist Syntax: Links to Cognitive and Usage-based Approaches.  Paper presented at 8th International Cognitive Linguistics Conference.  La Rioja, Spain

Chang, F. (2003, April).  Learning to speak: Symbol processing in a connectionist production model.  Paper presented at Society for Research in Child Development.  Tampa, FL.

Chang, F. Dell, G. S., Bock, K. (2003, March). Comprehending structural priming: A connectionist learning account.  Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference.  Boston, MA.   pdf

Yamashita, H., Chang, F., & Hirose, Y. (2002, March).  Separating functions and positions: Evidence from structural priming in Japanese. Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference. New York City, NY.    pdf

Chang, F., & Yamashita, H. (2001, March). To prepose or postpone: A connectionist model of heavy NP shift in English and Japanese, Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference. Philadelphia, PA.   gzipped postscript

Chang, F., Kondo, T., & Yamashita, H. (2000, March). Conceptual accessibilility influences scrambling in Japanese, Poster presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference. San Diego, CA.   gzipped postscript

Yamashita, H., & Chang, F. (2000).A challenge for grammatical encoding: Phrasal ordering in Japanese.Paper presented at the Speech Production Conference, Los Angeles, CA.

Chang, F., Dell, G. S., Bock, K., & Griffin, Z. M. (1999). Structural priming as implicit learning: A comparison of models of sentence production. Paper presented at the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference, New York, NY.

Yamashita, H., & Chang, F. (1999). Phrasal ordering in Japanese: An integration of weight-based and accessibility-based accounts. Poster presented at Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing. Edinburgh, UK.

Chang, F. (1997). Syntactic adjustment in response to listener difficulty.Paper presented at the Sixty-Eighth Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Chang, F., Griffin, Z. M., Dell, G. S., & Bock, K. (1997). Modeling structural priming as implicit learning, Poster presented at Computational Psycholinguistics Meeting. Berkerley, CA.  gzipped postscript  

Bock, K., Dell, G. S., Griffin, Z. M., Ferreira, V. S., & Chang, F. (1996). Structural priming as implicit learning. Paper presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomics Society, Chicago, IL.

Ad-hoc reviewer

Applied Psycholinguistics, Cognition, Cognitive Neuropsychology, Cognitive Science, Connection Science, Cognitive Science Society Conference, European Cognitive Science Society Conference, Journal of Child Language, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, Journal of Memory and Language, Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, NSF Linguistics Program Proposal

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