- Structure of molecules are unique from one another.
- Intermolecular forces of liquid
- Alcohol molecule structure
- Water molecule structure
- 7.3.e. Students know that in solids the atoms are closely locked in position and can only vibrate; in liquids the atoms and molecules are more loosely connected and can collide with and move past one another; and in gases the atoms and molecules are free to move independently, colliding frequently.
- 7.3.b. Students know that compounds are formed by combining two or more different elements and that compounds have properties that are different from their constituent elements.
- 7.3.a. Students know the structure of the atom and know it is composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Why the volume drops after mixing the 50 ml of water with the 50 ml of ethanol?
Prior knowledge & experience:
Students know the molecular structure of water.
Students know that molecules are more loosely connected in liquid than solid.
Why does the volume of the water and alcohol mixture decreases?
The reason why the total volume decrease is because Alcohol molecules are much smaller in size than the
It has to do with the molecular structure of water and alcohol.
water molecules and as a consequence some of the ethanol molecules tend to cram in between the water
molecules and hence you get a smaller volume
Some of the alcohol evaporates and therefore, the total volume decreases.
Photographs and Movies
The water and ethanol molecules are different sizes, with
the ethanol molecules being smaller. Some of the ethanol fits in the spaces
between the water molecules.
Think about two other materials: a liter of
sand and a liter of rocks. If you pour the sand into the rocks, the total
volume will be less than two liters, because some of the sand fills in the
spaces between the rocks.