Atoms, and all matter, are made up of the
fundamental particles: electrons, protons, and neutrons. Electrons are
negatively charged, protons are positively charged, and neutrons have no
charge. The charge on a proton is equal in magnitude to the charge on an
electron. The nucleus of an atom, in general, is composed of protons and
neutrons. The nucleus is surrounded by clouds of electrons. Whenever most
objects are left undis- turbed for an unspecified length of time, their protons
and electrons are equal in number and the objects are regarded as having balanced
However, some objects will pick up excess
electrons from material rubbed on them; still others transfer excess electrons
to material rubbed against them. In the above discrepant event, when the
balloon is rubbed on the wool, the balloon picks up excess electrons from the
wool. Now the balloon is regarded as being negatively charged. The wall may be
regarded as a neutrally charged surface.. Both positively and negatively
charged objects are capable of being attracted to neutrally charged objects.
The balloon was attracted to the wall surface, and thus, stuck to it. The two
balloons moved away from one another because the similar charges they were
carrying repelled each other. Like charges repel, unlike charges attract. In
both cases, static electricity was at work.
Static Electricity, particle charges
- electrical charges
- movement/transfer of electrons
- Physics 5.D Students Know charged particles are sources of magnetic fields and subject to forces from electric fields and other charges
- Students will be able to determine the variables that affect how positive
and negative objects interact.
- ·Students will be able to predict how positive and negative objects
- Students will be able to diagram and predict everyday occurrences of static and the relationship to electron transfer
Prior knowledge & experience:
- Static electricity makes your hair stand up
- Lightening is an electric charge, or response to charges
- opposite charges attract, like repel
- atoms are made up of a nucleus-protons and neutrons, and electrons
- protons have a positive charge, neutrons are neutral and electrons are negative
- What is the cause of lightening?
- What is static electricity?
- What is the relationship between atomic charge and electricity?
- What is the connection between lightening and thunder?
Electricity and static charge is a response to oppositional atomic charges.
When in fact-lightening is the sound of thunder! Most students know that there is a connection between lightening and thunder, but since light travels faster than sound, we see lightening before we hear the thunder.
- Lightening is soundless
- lightening is electricity
Lightening is actually the sound of the rapidly expanding air, which is in effect a sonic boom.
Students will create their own opposing charges and allow balloons to repel each other.
- Have students each take a balloon and tie them together.
- Students will apply a charge to their balloons
- Use a sharpie to indicate where charge has been applied
- Touch balloons to each other in area with applied charges and Viola!
Tell students to look for metal stripping in the
middle of the road in front of a toll booth. Ask students what purpose the
metal strands have. (when vehicles travel on the highway, they build up static
electricity. As vehicles rub on the strands of metal, the stored static
electricity is discharged into the ground. If the strips were not present, a
spark would pass between the driver and the toll booth operator.)
Photographs and Movies
Put all photos in the class Picasa Album
and reference here. Do not upload the photos directly to this wiki as there is not enough memory in the website.
Put all movies in your own Youtube account. Make sure that the account is set for public viewing. Insert the Youtube videos here.
Science made simple
Phet. colorado simulations