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Absorption- Pretzel Predictions (Arpa Ghazarian)

Author

Arpa Ghazarian

Principles Illustrated

1. Digestion physiology

2. absorption

Standards

5-8:

  • Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations (Standard A.1.1)
  • A substance has characteristic properties all of which are independent of the amount of the sample (Standard B.1.1)
9-12:
  • Design and conduct scientific investigations (Standard A.1.2)
  • The physical properties of compounds reflect the nature of the interactions among its molecules (Standard B.2.4)

Questioning Script

Prior knowledge & experience:

Students can eat more than five pretzels, or even an entire bag, however not in a minute. The additives in the pretzels maintain their dryness. When trying to eat them in a minute, there is not saliva in the mouth to get through even five pretzels. It requires only a portion of one pretzel to absorb all the saliva in a student's mouth. 

In eating competitions, competitor's drink water in between each bite to help them swallow down all the food in a timed period.

Root question:

Predict how many pretzels you can eat in a minute.

Target response:

Students will guess twenty or thirty, or even the entire bag. 

Common Misconceptions:

The size of the pretzels mislead them which is why they think they can eat so many. They overestimate how many they can eat in a minute since they don't realize that there are additives in the pretzels that keep them dry.

Photographs and Movies


Salivary Glands


References

http://people.howstuffworks.com/competitive-eating.htm

http://www.foodreference.com/html/food-eating-contests-records.html

http://www.biology-online.org/9/16_digestion_absorption_food.htm


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