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Shooter Bias Research


Correl, J., et al. (2007). Across the thin blue line: Police officer’s and racial bias in the decision to shoot. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 1006-1023.

Correl, J., Park, B., Judd, C. M., Wittenbrink, B. (2002). The police officer’s dilemma: Using ethnicity to disambiguate potentially threatening individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1314-1329

Correl, J., Urland, G. R., & Ito, T. A. (2006). Event-related potentials and the decision to shoot: The role of threat perception and cognitive  control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 42, 120-128

De Houwer, Jan (2003). The Extrinsic Affective Simon Task. Experimental Psychology, 50, 77-85.

Green, C. S., & Bavelier, D. (2003). Action video game modifies visual selective attention. Nature, 423, 534-537.

Greenwald, A. G., Oakes, M. A., & Hoffman, H. G. (2003). Targets of discrimination: Effects of race on responses to weapons holders. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 39, 399-405.

Judd, Charles M., Blair, Irene V., & Chapleau, Kristine M. (2004). Automatic stereotypes vs. automatic prejudice: Sorting out the possibilities in the Payne (2001) weapon diagram. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 75-81.

Payne, B. K. (2001). Prejudice and perception: The role of automatic and
controlled processes in misperceiving a weapon. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 181-192.

Payne, Keith, Lambert, Alan J., & Jacoby, Larry L. (2002). Best laid plans: Effects of goals on accessibility bias and cognitive control in race-based misperceptions of weapons. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 38, 384-396.

Sadler, Melody S., Lineberger, Megan, Correll Joshua, & Park, Bernadette (2005). Emotions, Attributions, and Police Endorsement in Response to the September 11th Terrorist Attacks. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 27(3), 249-258.