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During the time at Cape Adare, there were opportunities for many outside expeditions including climbing and general studies in the area.  Levick's study of penguins, seal, and bird life resulted in his publication of a very important book.[1]   Priestley studies of ice, sea ice and their structures resulted in several published papers including  “Physiography (Robertson Bay and Terra Nova Bay regions)”. 

Come July, as the skies began to lighten, work intensified on the preparation for the coming early spring sledging.  Abbott and Browning worked on the man-hauling harnesses an adaptation of those used by Shakleton. [2]  A broad double thickness of canvas was fixed at the back by the rope from the sledge passing through two eyelets.  The band held in place by light straps passing over the shoulders similar to a set of braces.  Then they set about preparing the sledges, checking the sledge bridges, the joints, and all lashings, then testing the sledges.  The rations for the first trips had to be prepared and the tents and equipment checked.

In early (very early) spring the first of the seven sledging journeys started.  On July 29, with less than seven hours daylight and very low temperatures, Campbell took Priestley and Abbott on a seven-day sledge journey to test the equipment and ice conditions.  They found bad surfaces which made pulling the sledge difficult, temperatures down to minus 26.80F, strong winds and drift problems.  They knew they were on a steep learning curve.  The night they returned to the hut at Cape Adare Campbell recorded in his diary many alterations to his future sledging plans.



[1] [1]G. Murray Levick, Antarctic Penguins: A Study of their Social Habits (Benediction Books, 2009).

[2] [2]Priestley, Antarctic Adventure; Scott’s Northern Party, 108.


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