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In preparing for the winter, an ice cave was prepared for their meat, first in a stranded iceberg and later onshore.  The 16 lamb carcasses landed had turned green and had to be dumped much to the delight of the Skua Gulls.  Although a loss, Campbell was not worried as there was enough wildlife at hand to compliment their larder.  He wrote ‘…we ought not run short of fresh meat as penguin and seals are plentiful.’ [1]

It was common in early Antarctic Expeditions to use seals, and penguins to provide fresh meat and to supplement their food supply. Not only to supplement, but in many cases they planned their food supply assuming that local meat would be used. New Zealanders at Scott Base finally stopped using seal meat to feed their dogs at the end of the 1960 season.

Seal blubber was used as a fuel for some heating, cooking and lighting. Scott had a blubber stove designed and built in New Zealand before heading south in 1910. [2]  Now settled in their new home, regular temperature, barometric pressure, sunshine hours, wind, and general weather observations were under way.  Then on March 14, the first of a series of magnetic observations started. 

On the 18 March, the anemometer broke after they recorded wind speeds of 84 miles per hour.  This hurricane force gale started early in morning and blew hard all day violently shaking the hut.  During the night, the wind eased to force six (25-30 miles per hour).  Priestley in his book says:

Our losses were insignificant, but our chief anxiety was for our untested hut.  This shook and quivered like a thing alive, and there was quite a rain of plates and dishes off the shelves.  It was on this night that I first realized the possibilities of my shelves when I received a German dictionary on the side of my head, and this was followed by a deluge of ink-bottles, pencils, pens, and books.  We were to find out that this particular wind was but a child when compared with some of the later gales, but at the time it seemed quite strong enough …….[3] 

This hurricane was their first experience of the winds in this area.  Borchgrevink in his book had described the ferocity of the Cape Adare winds, but most were skeptical and believed he was exaggerating.  The Northern Party was to verify his accuracy and some instances his understatements.

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[1] King, The Wicked Mate.  The Antarctic diary of Victor Campbell., 51.

[2] Colonel H G Lyons, British (Terra Nova) Antarctic Expedition 1910--1913, 1921, 44.

[3] Raymond Edward Priestley, Antarctic Adventure; Scott’s Northern Party (General Books LLC, 1913), 68.

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