TENNESSEE CODE ANNOTATED(a) (1) Any adult who contributes to or encourages the delinquency or unruly behavior of a child, whether by aiding or abetting or encouraging the child in the commission of an act of delinquency or unruly conduct or by participating as a principal with the child in an act of delinquency, unruly conduct or by aiding the child in concealing an act of delinquency or unruly conduct following its commission, commits a Class A misdemeanor, triable in the circuit or criminal court.
Title 37 Juveniles
Chapter 1 Juvenile Courts and Proceedings
Part 1 -General Provisions
37-1-156. Contributing to delinquency - Penalty - Jurisdiction of court. -
(2) An adult convicted of a violation of this section shall be sentenced to the county jail or workhouse to serve one hundred percent (100%) of the maximum authorized sentence for a Class A misdemeanor if:
(A) The adult's conduct constituting a violation of this section involves supplying, giving, furnishing, selling, or permitting a child to buy or obtain, a product or substance that is unlawful for the child to possess; and
(B) As a proximate result of the product or substance, the child engages in conduct that causes the death of another.
(b) When any juvenile judge shall have reasonable ground to believe that any person is guilty of having contributed to the delinquency or unruly conduct of a child, such judge shall cause the person to be arrested and brought before such judge. In such case, when the defendant pleads not guilty, the juvenile court judge has the power to bind the defendant over to the grand jury or to proceed to hear the case on its merits without the intervention of a jury if the defendant requests the hearing in juvenile court and expressly waives in writing an indictment, presentment, grand jury investigation and jury trial. In the event the defendant enters a plea of guilty, the juvenile court judge has the same power as the circuit or criminal court in making final disposition of the case.
(c) (1) If a child is found delinquent a second or subsequent time for conduct that constitutes the offense of vandalism under § 39-14-408, and the property vandalized is owned, operated, maintained or used by a governmental or other public entity, the parent or legal guardian of that child is in violation of this section.
(2) It is a defense to a violation of this subsection (c) if the parent or guardian demonstrates to the court that all reasonable means available were taken to prevent the child from engaging in the prohibited conduct.
(3) In lieu of the punishment proscribed in subsection (a), if the court finds that the parent or guardian of the delinquent child is in violation of this subsection (c), it may order the parent or guardian to repair, repaint, clean, refurbish or replace the property damaged as a result of the vandalism. If the damage does not lend itself to repair or cleaning, or if there is a legitimate reason why the parent or guardian is unable to do so, the court, in its discretion, may allow the parent or guardian to pay to have the damage repaired or replaced. If the parent or guardian is indigent and cannot afford to replace the damaged property, the court shall order the indigent parent or guardian to perform other community service work for which the parent or guardian is better suited.
(4) A violation of this subsection (c) may be heard and determined by the juvenile court.
(5) As a dispositional option for the delinquent act of vandalism, the court may also require the child responsible for the vandalism to assist in the repair or cleaning of the damage along with the child's parent or guardian.
[Acts 1970, ch. 600, § 54; T.C.A., § 37-254; Acts 1989, ch. 591, § 111; 2007, ch. 353, § 1; 2010, ch. 1116, § 2.]
Compiler's Notes. Acts 2010, ch. 1116, § 1 provided that the act, which added subdivision (a)(2), shall be known and may be cited as the “Markie Voyles Act.”
TENNESSEE CODE ANNOTATED
Title 39 Criminal Offenses
Chapter 15 Offenses Against the Family
Part 4 -Children
39-15-404. Enticing a child to purchase alcoholic beverages - Purchasing of alcoholic beverages for child. -
(a) Except as provided in § 39-15-413:
(1) It is an offense for a person to persuade, entice or send a minor to any place where alcoholic beverages, as defined in § 57-3-101(a)(1)(A), or beer, as defined in § 57-5-101(b), are sold, to buy or otherwise procure alcoholic beverages or beer in any quantity, for the use of the minor, or for the use of any other person;
(2) It is an offense for a person to give or buy alcoholic beverages or beer for or on behalf of any minor or to cause alcohol to be given or bought for or on behalf of any minor for any purpose; and
(3) (A) As used in this subdivision (a)(3), “underage adult” means a person who is at least eighteen (18) years of age but less than twenty-one (21) years of age;
(B) It is an offense for any owner, occupant or other person having a lawful right to the exclusive use and enjoyment of property to knowingly allow a person to consume alcoholic beverages, wine or beer on the property; provided, that the owner, occupant or other person knows that, at the time of the offense, the person consuming is an underage adult;
(C) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under subdivision (a)(3)(B) that the defendant acted upon a reasonably held belief that the underage adult was twenty-one (21) years of age or older;
(D) Subdivision (a)(3)(B) does not apply to consumption or possession of a de minimis quantity of alcohol or wine by an underage adult as permitted by § 1-3-113(b)(2);
(E) Nothing in this subdivision (a)(3) shall be construed, in any way whatsoever, to affect:
(i) Standards for imposing civil liability on social hosts pursuant to § 57-10-101;
(ii) Standards, established pursuant to § 37-1-156(a), for imposing criminal liability on adults who contribute or encourage the delinquency or unruly behavior of a child, as defined in § 37-1-102(b)(4); or
(iii) Standards, established pursuant to § 39-11-404, for imposing criminal liability on corporations.
(b) As used in this section, “minor” means a person under twenty-one (21) years of age.
(c) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that any person accused of giving or buying alcoholic beverages or beer for a minor acted upon a reasonably held belief that the minor was of legal age. The belief may be acquired by virtue of the minor making a false statement or presenting false identification that indicates that the minor is twenty-one (21) years of age or older.
(d) A violation of subsection (a) is a Class A misdemeanor and, in addition to the penalties authorized by § 40-35-111, the offender shall be sentenced to one hundred (100) hours of community service work. In addition to the penalties established in this subsection (d), the court having jurisdiction over the offender may, in its discretion, prepare and send an order for denial of the offender's driving privileges to the department of safety, driver control division. The offender may apply to the court for a restricted driver license, which may be issued in accordance with the provisions of § 55-50-502. In the event an offender does not possess a valid driver license, the court having jurisdiction over the offender may, in its discretion, increase the offender's sentence to a maximum of two hundred (200) hours of community service work.
(e) If a person engages in conduct that violates this section, as well as any other section, nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the prosecution and conviction of the person under this section or any other applicable section.
(f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the provisions of §§ 57-10-101 and §§ 57-10-102in any way whatsoever.
[Acts 1989, ch. 591, § 1; 2006, ch. 900, § 1; 2009, ch. 564, § 1.]
Basis for DWI Charge, Chemical Breath Tests for Alcohol Concentration, Driving While License Suspended or Revoked, Criminal Actions Against Owners or Employees of Establishments that Serve Alcoholic Beverages or the Wrong Type of Alcoholic Beverage to Those Persons