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Emergent Literacy Design

Fly A Plane With The Letter V

Emergent Literacy Design

Sarah Nelson


Rationale: This lesson will help children identify /v/, the phoneme represented by V. Students will learn to recognize /v/ in spoken words by learning how their mouth moves when you are “making the engine sound” and they will learn the letter symbol V. Students will practice finding /v/ in words, point out objects that starts with /v/, and read a piece of literature that will help them learn both the phoneme and letter symbol for V.

Materials: Primary paper, pencil, Vin and Val (Reading A-Z); poster with tongue tickler “Valerie vowed to vote while Vincent veered the van.” assessment worksheet identifying pictures with /v/, word cards (index cards) with the words and pictures of VEST, VAN, VOLCANO, VIOLIN.


1.     Say: “The tricky part to our written language is learning what letters stand for. Today we are going to learn about the letter V. We are going to focus on the way our mouth moves when we pronounce the letter V, /v/. “Imagine that you are an airplane flying around and making your mouth say /v/ to sound like the planes motor. The sound that you make when you are making the noise the engine makes it sounds like the letter sound V. Another way to make the /v/ noise is by pulling in your bottom lip to your top teeth and releasing air from your lungs.”

2.     “Let’s practice making the /v/ sound. I want everyone to pretend that you are a plane flying through the sky, /v/ (make a long /v/ sound). Notice that your bottom lip is pushed up against your top teeth as you breathe out the /v/ sound is made. Try it with me!”

3.   “Let me model how you would find /v/ in the word van. I am going to stretch out the word hot very slowly and I want you to listen very carefully for our airplane engine sound /v/. vvvv-aaaa-nnn. Slower: vvvvv-aaaaa-nnnnn. There it was! Did you find it? I could feel my breath leaving my mouth with that first part of the word. I can hear the plane engine /v/ in van

4.   Now let’s try a tongue tickler (on board). “Valerie vowed to vote while Vincent veered the van.” I want everyone to say it three    times together. Now say it again, and this time, stretch the /v/ at the beginning of the words. “Vvvvvalerie vvvvvowed to vvvvvote while Vvvvvvvincent vvvvvveered the vvvvvvvan.” Try it again, and this time break it off the word” /V/alerie /v/owed to /v/ote while /V/incent /v/eered the /v/an.

5.    (Have students take out primary paper and a pencil) Now let’s go over how to use the letter V to spell /v/. An uppercase V looks like a peace sign you make with your hand. To write it, go down from the rooftop to the sidewalk make a diagonal line. Then move from that spot back up to the rooftop with a diagonal line. Now let’s write the lowercase letter v. Draw a line from the fence to the sidewalk make a diagonal line. Then move from that spot back up to the fence with a diagonal line. After I put a sticker on it, I want you to make nine more just like it.

6.     Call on students to answer the questions and have them tell how they knew the answer was correct: “Do you hear /v/ in van or car? (I will model how to decide if it is hat or catVest or shirtMop or vacuumDrive or walk? Let’s see if you can spot the mouth movement of /v/ in some words. Make a sound like a plane engine sound like /v/: “Vickie vacuumed the vet office with effort.”

7.     Say: “Let’s look at our alphabet book, Vin and Val. Listen carefully and make a sound like a plane engine when you hear /v/ while I read the book aloud. Vin and Val own a van and they go on all sort of adventures. Let’s read all about what they do in the book.” During the read aloud I will have students come up and point to words that have the /v/ sound in them.”

8.     Show Vote and model how to decide if it is vote or boat. The V tells me to make a sound like a plane engine, /v/, so this word vvv-ote  is vote. You try some: VAT: hat or vat? VENT: lent or vent? VERY: very or merry? Vine: shine or vine? VAST: past or vast?

9.     For assessment, distribute the worksheet. Students are to write upper case and lower case V in the space provided and color the pictures that begin with V.

Worksheet: http://www.kidzone.ws/prek_wrksht/learning-letters/v.htm

Decodable Book: Moors, Vic. "Vin and Val." Vin and Val. Reading A-Z, 2005. Web. 03 Nov. 2014

Reference for similar lesson plan: Brush Your Teeth With F http://www.auburn.edu/academic/education/reading_genie/sightings/murrayel.html