Pre-K

Math
 (1) Number and Operations. Understanding the concept of number is fundamental to mathematics. Children come to school with rich and varied informal knowledge of number. A major goal is to build on this informal base toward more thorough understanding and skills. Children move from beginning to develop basic counting techniques in PreKindergarten to later understanding number size, relationships, and operations. The child: arranges sets of concrete objects in one-to-one correspondence  counts by ones to 10 or higher  counts concrete objects to five or higher  begins to compare the numbers of concrete objects using language (e.g., “same” or “equal,” “one more,” “more than,” or “less than”)  begins to name “how many” are in a group of up to three (or more) objects without counting (e.g., recognizing two or three crayons in a box)  recognizes and describes the concept of zero (meaning there are none)  begins to demonstrate part of and whole with real objects (e.g., an orange)  begins to identify first and last in a series  combines, separates, and names “how many” concrete objects Interactive Student How Many? Let's Count - English or Spanish  Egg Counting with Elmo Count the Painted Fish Count the Animals Teddy Numbers(1) 3 Count the Dinosaurs(1) 2,3 Count the Farm Animals(1) 2,3,5 Thumble Dots(1) 2,3 Underwater Counting Interactive Classroom Count Us In, Game 1: Counting Sheep Count Us In, Game 3: Garden Count (2) Patterns. Recognizing patterns and relationships among objects is an important component in children’s intellectual development. Children learn to organize their world by recognizing patterns and gradually begin to use patterns as a strategy for problem-solving, forming generalizations, and developing the concepts of number, operation, shape, and space. Pattern recognition is the first step in the development of algebraic thinking. The child: imitates pattern sounds and physical movements (e.g., clap, stomp, clap, stomp,…)  recognizes and reproduces simple patterns of concrete objects (e.g., a string of beads that are yellow, blue, blue, yellow, blue, blue)  begins to recognize patterns in their environment (e.g., day follows night, repeated phrases in storybooks, patterns in carpeting or clothing)  begins to predict what comes next when patterns are extended Interactive Student Music Patterns Check out Cookie Moon Rock Patterns Interactive Classroom Connect the Dots Count Us In, Game 2: Making Patterns Patterns (3) Geometry and Spatial Sense. Geometry helps children systematically represent and describe their world. Children learn to name and recognize the properties of various shapes and figures, to use words that indicate direction, and to use spatial reasoning to analyze and solve problems. The child: begins to recognize, describe, and name shapes (e.g., circles, triangles, rectangles—including squares)  begins to use words that indicate where things are in space (e.g., “beside,” “inside,” “behind,” “above,” “below”)  begins to recognize when a shape’s position or orientation has changed  begins to investigate and predict the results of putting together two or more shapes  puts together puzzles of increasing complexity Interactive Student Rats Shapes* TIC-TAC-TOE shapes* Shapes Sesame Shapes Interactive Classroom Colors+Shapes Spatial Concepts (4) Measurement. Measurement is one of the most widely used applications of mathematics. Early learning experiences with measurement should focus on direct comparisons of objects. Children make decisions about size by looking, touching, and comparing objects directly while building language to express the size relationships. The child: covers an area with shapes (e.g., tiles)  fills a shape with solids or liquids (e.g., ice cubes, water)  begins to make size comparisons between objects (e.g., taller than, smaller than)  begins to use tools to imitate measuring  begins to categorize time intervals and uses language associated with time in everyday situations (e.g., “in the morning,” “after snack”)  begins to order two or three objects by size (seriation) (e.g., largest to smallest) (age 4) Interactive Student Measuring Up With Clifford Sorting By Size Interactive Classroom Different Sizes (5) Classification and Data Collection. Children use sorting to organize their world. As children recognize similarities and differences, they begin to recognize patterns that lead them to form generalizations. As they begin to use language to describe similarities and differences, they begin sharing their ideas and their mathematical thinking. Children can be actively involved in collecting, sorting, organizing, and communicating information. The child: matches objects that are alike  describes similarities and differences between objects  sorts objects into groups by an attribute and begins to explain how the grouping was done  participates in creating and using real and pictorial graphs Interactive Student Sorting Materials Count Us In, Game 9: Sorting Count Us In, Game 13: Matching Halves Sound Match Same Different Same and different Classify shapes by color Classify and sort by color Classify and sort by shape(5) 1,3 Underwater Match Interactive Classroom

Science

Physical Science Skills:  Prekindergarten children learn to explore properties of materials, positions, and motion of objects through investigations which allow them to notice the attributes of each of these. These explorations continue as children use attributes to classify and sort objects, make observations and predictions, problem‐solve, compare, and question. Children learn about sources of energy by investigating and discussing light, heat, electricity, and magnetism.
 VI.A.1. Child describes, observes, and investigates properties and characteristics of common objects. The child: uses senses to explore and sensory language to describe properties of natural and human-made materials (wood, cotton, fur, wool, stone, magnetic, leather, plastic, Styrofoam, paper) to learn their characteristics and capabilities.  examines and describes the texture of materials (salt, flour, and sugar during cooking projects; roller, sponges, and feathers when painting using various tools; surfaces of foil, freezer paper, and sandpaper).  sorts, groups, or classifies objects in meaningful ways based on one or more properties (hard/soft or heavy/light; materials that are made of – wood, plastic, rock, color).  predicts whether materials will sink or float; investigates the hypothesis and draws conclusions based on prior experiences.  describes and compares the effects magnets have on other objects (attract to some things but not to others). Interactive Student 1. Rock Magnifier 3. What Color Is It? - English 3. ¿Que Color Es? - Spanish 3. What Color is the Hummingbird? 3. Count the Painted Fish 4. 5 Hungry Crocodiles Interactive Classroom VI.A.2. Child investigates and describes position and motion of objects. The child: observes, measures, describes, and demonstrates the various ways objects can move (straight, zigzag, round and round, fast, slow).  investigates and states conclusions after moving a variety of toy VI.A.3. Child uses simple measuring devices to learn about objects. The child: investigates and discusses the mass of a variety of items (rocks, feathers, metal chain, etc.) using a balance or scale; categorizes weighted objects (heavy/light); and length of objects (long/short). measures volume of water, sand, etc. using non-standard measures (4 cups to fill 1 small bucket). measures length using non-standard units. observes and describes temperature of materials, including outdoor air temperature (colder/warmer/hotter). VI.A.4. Child investigates and describes sources of energy including light, heat, and electricity. The child: describes sources of heat and light (sun, wind, water as energy sources) and the safety issues associated with these. identifies toys that need batteries and equipment in the home that needs electricity to function.

Life Science Skills: Prekindergarten children are naturally curious about the characteristics of organisms. Children understand differences in living and non-living things.
 VI.B.1. Child identifies and describes the characteristics of organisms. The child: describes color, size, and shape of organisms. describes animals’ needs for food, water, air, and shelter or plants’ needs for water, nutrients, air, and light. compares differences and similarities of animals (fish live in water, dogs and cats have fur, all birds have feathers). uses the tools of science (hand lens and measurement tools) to observe and discuss plants and animals. Interactive Student Growing Plants Nocturnal Animals Animals in the Trees Sea Animals Farm Animals Birds Drag the Farm Animals Animal Forms Create A Zebra Create A Panda Create A Ladybug Create A Rhinoceros Paint the Horse Paint the Pig Paint the Rhinoceros Paint the Lion Paint the Turkey Paint the Dog Paint the Bear Paint the Ocean Paint the Chick Paint the Rooster Paint the Sheep Paint the Cow Take Me To My Home Release the Animals! Connect the Animal's Dots Find the Insect - Match the Numbers Find the Animal - Match the Numbers Find the Fish - Match the Numbers Find the Birds - Match the Numbers Interactive Classroom VI.B.2. Child describes life cycles of organisms. The child: plants seeds, then observes, discusses, and records plant growth. observes, records, and discusses the stage of the life cycle of an organism (baby, dog, cat, and chicken). describes characteristics and differences between living and nonliving. observes and discusses human growth (growth charts at the beginning of the year and again at the end of year). Interactive Student Ourselves Interactive Classroom VI.B.3. Child recognizes, observes, and discusses the relationship of organisms to their environments. The child: discusses how animals and humans depend on plants (birds eat seeds, cows eat grass, humans eat vegetables). observes, discusses, and records living organism (spiders, insects, worms, snails, birds) in their natural environments to learn about their habits. observes, discusses, and records seasonal changes in the neighborhood trees and organisms (watches for birds in the spring as they collect nesting materials).  discusses how seasons affect his daily life (clothes he wears or activities he plays). describes and explains animal behaviors (a bird building a nest). Interactive Student Animal Homes Dinosaur TrainPaint the SnowmenBuild a SnowmanWinter AnimalsWinter ClothesMake Your Own Snow AnimalsBuild Your Own Snowman Interactive Classroom

Earth and Space Science Skills: Prekindergarten children are enthusiastic learners about earth and space. They are intrigued by their local environment. Discovering their place in the world is exciting and fun for them.
 VI.C.1. Child identifies, compares, discusses earth materials, and their properties and uses. The child: observes, discusses, and compares earth materials (rocks, soil, and sand) using hand lenses, sieves, water, and balances.  identifies the importance of soil, sunlight, air, and water to plant growth.  discusses and explains ways earth materials are used for building houses, road construction, and decorative purposes (the uses of rocks). Interactive Student Looking at the Earth Interactive Classroom VI.C.2. Child identifies, observes, and discusses objects in the sky. The child: observes and discusses characteristics of clouds and makes representations (finger painting the clouds in the sky). asks questions and/or makes comments about the sun, stars, and moon.  investigates what happens to things exposed to the sun (children get warmer; colors are created when a prism hangs in a window). Interactive Student Looking at the sky Interactive Classroom VI.C.3. Child observes and describes what happens during changes in the earth and sky. The child: observes and describes how different items (rock, metal) respond to the warmth of the sun outside on a sunny day or a cold/cloudy day. explains what happens after a weather event (erosion after a rain storm; movements of leaves after a wind storm). observes, records, and predicts daily weather changes (weather charts). investigates with objects to observe what happens during a windy day (flying a kite). observes shadows and describes the relationship between the shadow and a light source (sun, flashlight, lamp). investigates and draws conclusions about shadows. observes seasonal changes. Interactive Student Weather Wheel Interactive Classroom VI.C.4. Child demonstrates the importance of caring for our environment and our planet. The child: discusses “green” practices (water conservation, clean air, recycling, etc.)  engages in conservation or recycling projects (not using as many paper towels, using both sides of the paper). goes on a “trash hunt” to clean the school yard