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Fatal Injury Rate at Work by Country

Ryoichi HORIGUCHI

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A Disparity of over 30-fold exists in injury mortality rates at work among countries Updated 25 January 2013

According to data on occupational fatal accidents, it reveals that there is a large disparity among countries. Based on two different sources,
  •  ILO, Introductory Report: Decent Work - Safe Work, Geneva: International Labour Office, 2005, pp. 33-39; 
  • Päivi Hämäläinen, Jukka Takala, Kaija Leena Saarela, 'Global estimates of occupational accidents', Safety Science 44, 2006, pp. 145-153
I calculate annual fatality rates by country respectively by using the following equation with the figures of total employment and fatal accidents provided in the report and the paper:
                 
                           Fatal accidents (per year)
Fatality rate = -------------------------------------  x  100 000
                                Total employment

The first result (see Table 1 below) based on Introductory Report (hereafter mentioned as ILO report) shows that Iceland is ranked at the lowest fatality rate among 119 countries while Namibia at the highest one. On the other hand, the second result (see Table 2 below) based on the paper by researchers belonging to Tampere University of Technology (TUT) and ILO (hereafter as TUT paper) is more or less different from the first result, but still, the similarity between the two results can be found. In particular, UK at the second lowest fatality rate is estimated to be 0.84 in the first result and 0.83 in the second, while Myanmar almost at the highest fatality rate is estimated at 24.2 and at 26.0 respectively. Knowing that there is around 30-fold disparity between UK and Myanmar, it is clear that a disparity of over 30-fold exists worldwide from country to country in terms of occupational fatal injury rates. The two results are as follows. 

Table 1: ILO 119 - Occupational Fatal Injury Rates among 119 Countries based on ILO report (the data as of 2001)
N.B. Kenya, Togo and Chad removed from the list due to their supposed inaccuracy of the data, and the other 66 countries mentioned in the ILO report also removed due to lack of data. And the number of fatal accidents in UK does not include, among others, almost all work-related fatalities caused by road traffic accidents. As for this, I thank Mr. Peter Gotch, Senior Consultant of Occupational and Public Health and Safety, for his expertise.

Country (Country Code)

Total Emplyment

Fatal Accidents

Fatality Rate

1

Iceland (ISL)

159000

1

0.62893081761

2

United Kingdom (GBR)

28225400

236

0.83612632593

3

Netherlands (NLD)

7865000

116

1.4748887476

4

Sweden (SWE)

4239000

63

1.4861995754

5

Norway (NOR)

2278000

42

1.8437225637

6

Belgium (BEL)

4051200

78

1.9253554502

7

Switzerland (CHE)

4156000

81

1.9489894129

8

Denmark (DNK)

2725100

56

2.0549704598

9

Greece (GRC)

3917500

90

2.2973835354

10

Australia (AUS)

9123900

236

2.5866131808

11

Finland (FIN)

2388000

64

2.6800670017

12

Germany (DEU)

36816000

1107

3.0068448501

13

France (FRA)

24113225

730

3.0273843503

14

Japan (JPN)

64120000

2016

3.1441048035

15

Austria (AUT)

3799600

137

3.6056426992

16

New Zealand (NZL)

1823400

78

4.2777229352

17

Ireland (IRL)

1716500

74

4.3110981649

18

Malta (MLT)

145587

7

4.8081216043

19

United States (USA)

135073000

6643

4.9180813338

20

Luxembourg (LUX)

277000

16

5.7761732852

21

Italy (ITA)

21634000

1397

6.4574281224

22

Canada (CAN)

15076800

1035

6.864851958

23

Spain (ESP)

15945600

1160

7.2747340959

24

Portugal (PRT)

4999800

414

8.2803312132

25

Singapore (SGP)

2046700

178

8.6969267602

26

Azerbaijan (AZE)

3715000

325

8.7483176312

27

San Marino (SMR)

11404

1

8.768853034

28

Estonia (EST)

577700

53

9.1743119266

29

Russia (RUS)

64710000

6276

9.6986555401

30

Moldova (MDA)

1499000

146

9.739826551

31

India (IND)

402510000

40133

9.9706839582

32

Hungary (HUN)

3859500

389

10.079025781

33

Latvia (LVA)

1037000

105

10.12536162

34

Tajikistan (TJK)

1143000

116

10.148731409

35

Poland (POL)

14207000

1463

10.29774055

36

French Polynesia (PYF)

58149

6

10.318320177

37

South Korea (KOR)

21068000

2214

10.508828555

38

Kyrgystan (KGZ)

1764300

186

10.542424758

39

Georgia (GEO)

1877600

199

10.598636557

40

Uzbekistan (UZB)

8885000

957

10.770962296

41

Kazakhstan (KAZ)

6698800

743

11.091538783

42

Kuwait (KWT)

1243126

138

11.101046877

43

Czech Republic (CZE)

4728000

525

11.104060914

44

Lithuania (LTU)

1521800

169

11.105270075

45

Belarus (BLR)

4417400

494

11.183048852

46

Romania (ROU)

10696900

1209

11.30233993

47

Bulgaria (BGR)

2751500

317

11.520988552

48

Armenia (ARM)

1264900

146

11.54241442

49

Ukraine (UKR)

20238100

2341

11.567291396

50

Albania (ALB)

1063000

125

11.759172154

51

Slovakia (SVK)

2123700

257

12.10152093

52

Sao Tome and Principe (STP)

49000

6

12.244897959

53

China (CHN)

733705100

90295

12.3067156

54

Macedonia (MKD)

599308

75

12.514433313

55

Croatia (HRV)

1469500

184

12.521265737

56

United Arab Emirates (ARE)

1779000

224

12.591343451

57

Malaysia (MYS)

9535000

1207

12.658626114

58

Equatorial Guinea (GNQ)

148000

19

12.837837838

59

Cyprus (CYP)

309500

40

12.924071082

60

Israel (ISR)

2422300

317

13.086735747

61

Algeria (DZA)

6228772

831

13.341313504

62

Slovenia (SVN)

914000

122

13.347921225

63

Maldives (MDV)

86246

12

13.913688751

64

Bahrain (BHR)

157400

22

13.977128335

65

Saudi Arabia (SAU)

5808617

829

14.271899834

66

Seychelles (SYC)

33110

5

15.101177892

67

Netherlands Antilles (ANT)

52237

8

15.314815169

68

Tunisia (TUN)

2704900

425

15.71222596

69

Bermuda (BMU)

37597

6

15.958720111

70

US Virgin Islands (VIR)

42550

7

16.451233843

71

Bahamas (BHS)

144360

24

16.625103907

72

Egypt (EGY)

17556700

2942

16.757135453

73

South Africa (ZAF)

11335000

1908

16.832818703

74

Sri Lanka (LKA)

6212400

1057

17.01435838

75

Puerto Rico (PRI)

1150000

196

17.043478261

76

Yemen (YEM)

3621679

639

17.643750316

77

Mongolia (MNG)

832300

147

17.661900757

78

Anguilla (AIA)

5644

1

17.717930546

79

Barbados (BRB)

128800

23

17.857142857

80

Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)

514100

92

17.895351099

81

Uruguay (URY)

1076200

195

18.119308679

82

Mauritius (MUS)

490800

90

18.337408313

83

Syria (SYR)

4844020

889

18.352525382

84

Fiji (FJI)

114300

21

18.372703412

85

Venezuela (VEN)

9404600

1735

18.448418859

86

Pakistan (PAK)

36847000

6800

18.45469102

87

Turkey (TUR)

20367000

3776

18.539794766

88

Philippines (PHL)

30085000

5594

18.593983713

89

Indonesia (IDN)

90807000

16931

18.645038378

90

Chile (CHL)

5479400

1030

18.797678578

91

Dominican Republic (DOM)

2652000

504

19.004524887

92

Argentina (ARG)

8143400

1554

19.08293833

93

Panama (PAN)

984200

188

19.101808575

94

Jamaica (JAM)

942300

181

19.208320068

95

Suriname (SUR)

72834

14

19.22179202

96

Costa Rica (CRI)

1552900

299

19.254298409

97

Belize (BLZ)

77785

15

19.283923636

98

Mexico (MEX)

39386000

7630

19.372365815

99

Morocco (MAR)

9329755

1823

19.539634213

100

Brazil (BRA)

75458000

14895

19.739457712

101

Oman (OMN)

70486

14

19.862100275

102

Cuba (CUB)

3843000

766

19.932344523

103

El Salvador (SLV)

2451300

492

20.070982744

104

Peru (PER)

7619900

1565

20.538327275

105

Colombia (COL)

16497600

3400

20.609058287

106

Ecuador (ECU)

3673200

759

20.663181967

107

Thailand (THA)

33484000

6953

20.76514156

108

Botswana (BWA)

483432

101

20.892286816

109

Honduras (HND)

2334600

489

20.945772295

110

Nicaragua (NIC)

1701700

367

21.566668625

111

Bolivia (BOL)

2096000

470

22.423664122

112

Guatemala (GTM)

4511600

1018

22.564057097

113

Bangladesh (BGD)

51764000

11768

22.733946372

114

Zimbabwe (ZWE)

4665449

1097

23.513278143

115

Vietnam (VNM)

36994000

8900

24.057955344

116

Myanmar (MMR)

18359000

4447

24.222452203

117

Solomon Islands (SLB)

33000

8

24.242424242

118

Cambodia (KHM)

6243329

1572

25.178874924

119

Namibia (NAM)

431849

123

28.482177798


Table 2: TUT 100 - Occupational Fatal Injury Rates among 100 Countries based on TUT paper (the research conducted during 2001-2002)
N.B. Morocco, Gabon, Angola, Burkina Faso and Chad removed from the list due to their supposed inaccuracy of the data, and the other 83 countries mentioned in the TUT paper also removed due to lack of data. And the number of fatal accidents in UK does not include, among others, almost all work-related fatalities caused by road traffic accidents. As for this, I thank Mr. Peter Gotch, Senior Consultant of Occupational and Public Health and Safety, for his expertise.

Country (Country Code)

Total Employment

Fatal Accidents

Fatality Rate

1

Malta (MLT)

137390

1

0.72785501128

2

United Kingdom (GBR)

27212000

225

0.82684109951

3

Netherlands (NLD)

6609000

99

1.4979573309

4

Iceland (ISL)

133000

2

1.5037593985

5

Sweden (SWE)

3978000

77

1.9356460533

6

Greece (GRC)

3921000

88

2.2443254272

7

Finland (FIN)

2222000

65

2.9252925293

8

Luxembourg (LUX)

237000

7

2.9535864979

9

France (FRA)

22842000

683

2.9901059452

10

Switzerland (CHE)

3848000

118

3.0665280665

11

Japan (JPN)

65140000

2077

3.1885170402

12

Australia (AUS)

8617000

275

3.1913659046

13

Norway (NOR)

2249000

72

3.2014228546

14

Denmark (DNK)

2685000

90

3.3519553073

15

New Zealand (NZL)

1725000

61

3.5362318841

16

Germany (DEU)

35994000

1287

3.5755959327

17

Belgium (BEL)

4241323

155

3.6545200637

18

Austria (AUT)

3962000

158

3.9878849066

19

United States (USA)

131463000

6821

5.1885321345

20

Ireland (IRL)

1521000

79

5.1939513478

21

Portugal (PRT)

4493000

266

5.9203204986

22

Canada (CAN)

14139000

899

6.3582997383

23

Italy (ITA)

20242000

1388

6.8570299378

24

Spain (ESP)

13205000

1177

8.9132904203

25

Moldova (MDA)

1496400

135

9.0216519647

26

Estonia (EST)

640200

59

9.2158700406

27

Armenia (ARM)

739900

70

9.4607379376

28

Singapore (SGP)

1869700

183

9.7876664706

29

Albania (ALB)

1078000

108

10.018552876

30

Poland (POL)

15849000

1588

10.019559594

31

Hungary (HUN)

3619000

372

10.27908262

32

China (CHN)

699771000

73615

10.519870072

33

Slovakia (SVK)

2167000

229

10.567604984

34

Kazakhstan (KAZ)

6127000

655

10.690386812

35

Russia (RUS)

63600000

6974

10.965408805

36

Lithuania (LTU)

1656000

184

11.111111111

37

Belarus (BLR)

4416600

496

11.230358194

38

Bulgaria (BGR)

3030000

346

11.419141914

39

India (IND)

419560000

48176

11.482505482

40

Bahamas (BHS)

144360

17

11.776115267

41

Czech Republic (CZE)

4818000

593

12.308011623

42

Slovenia (SVN)

907000

112

12.348401323

43

Croatia (HRV)

1384841

178

12.853461155

44

Kuwait (KWT)

1243126

165

13.272990831

45

Barbados (BRB)

119600

16

13.377926421

46

Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)

479300

65

13.561443772

47

Macedonia (MKD)

310000

43

13.870967742

48

Venezuela (VEN)

8710700

1248

14.327206769

49

Romania (ROU)

10845000

1564

14.421392347

50

Israel (ISR)

1761900

257

14.58652591

51

Argentina (ARG)

11670000

1705

14.610111397

52

Chile (CHL)

5370000

787

14.655493482

53

Uruguay (URY)

1103700

164

14.859110265

54

Dominican Republic (DOM)

2652000

405

15.271493213

55

Bahrain (BHR)

147740

23

15.567889536

56

Cyprus (CYP)

287000

45

15.679442509

57

South Korea (KOR)

19994000

3148

15.744723417

58

Costa Rica (CRI)

1300100

206

15.844935005

59

Suriname (SUR)

88244

14

15.86510131

60

United Arab Emirates (ARE)

1779000

283

15.907813378

61

Panama (PAN)

936500

149

15.910304325

62

Mexico (MEX)

38617500

6149

15.922832913

63

Jamaica (JAM)

1119075

179

15.995353305

64

Brazil (BRA)

68040000

11304

16.613756614

65

Azerbaijan (AZE)

3701500

619

16.722950155

66

Ukraine (UKR)

22998400

3985

17.327292333

67

Georgia (GEO)

1731100

306

17.676621801

68

Honduras (HND)

2134992

382

17.892338707

69

El Salvador (SLV)

2227500

400

17.957351291

70

Uzbekistan (UZB)

8157500

1471

18.032485443

71

Colombia (COL)

5654900

1028

18.178924473

72

Ecuador (ECU)

3151200

574

18.215283067

73

Malaysia (MYS)

8599600

1578

18.349690683

74

Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)

1704900

316

18.534811426

75

Tajikistan (TJK)

1143000

212

18.54768154

76

Oman (OMN)

79200

15

18.939393939

77

Peru (PER)

6929300

1316

18.991817355

78

Turkey (TUR)

21594000

4122

19.088635732

79

Sri Lanka (LKA)

5946200

1139

19.155090646

80

Botswana (BWA)

225900

44

19.477644976

81

Mongolia (MNG)

792500

157

19.810725552

82

Belize (BLZ)

85595

17

19.860973188

83

Philippines (PHL)

30109000

6019

19.990700455

84

Fiji (FJI)

235000

48

20.425531915

85

Nicaragua (NIC)

1441800

298

20.668608684

86

Pakistan (PAK)

35934000

7444

20.715756665

87

Eritrea (ERI)

57800

12

20.761245675

88

Indonesia (IDN)

87050000

18220

20.930499713

89

Mauritius (MUS)

436312

94

21.544216066

90

Bolivia (BOL)

2017000

441

21.864154685

91

Paraguay (PRY)

1190400

264

22.177419355

92

Guatemala (GTM)

3201000

718

22.430490472

93

Thailand (THA)

32140000

7490

23.304293715

94

Egypt (EGY)

16183000

3884

24.000494346

95

Tunisia (TUN)

2635000

654

24.819734345

96

Myanmar (MMR)

18359000

4773

25.998148047

97

Bangladesh (BGD)

54597000

14403

26.380570361

98

Vietnam (VNM)

36994000

9988

26.998972806

99

Papua New Guinea (PNG)

2000000

579

28.95

100

South Africa (ZAF)

9110000

2643

29.012074643