X-Ref: USCCB - CATHOLIC CATECHISM - paragraphs #499 #500

US Catholic Conference of Bishops                                    


PART 1; SEC 2; CHPT 2; ART 3; Paragraph 2; #499 and #500

"Conceived by the Power of the Holy Spirit and Born of the Virgin Mary"

(For full Article 3 Chapter 2 see US Catholic Conference of Bishops)

Mary - "ever-virgin"

499 The deepening of faith in the virginal motherhood led the Church to confess Mary's real and perpetual virginity even in the act of giving birth to the Son of God made man. In fact, Christ's birth "did not diminish his mother's virginal integrity but sanctified it." And so the liturgy of the Church celebrates Mary as Aeiparthenos, the "Ever-virgin".

500 Against this doctrine the objection is sometimes raised that the Bible mentions brothers and sisters of Jesus.(157) The Church has always understood these passages as not referring to other children of the Virgin Mary. In fact James and Joseph, "brothers of Jesus", are the sons of another Mary, a disciple of Christ, whom St. Matthew significantly calls "the other Mary".(158) They are close relations of Jesus, according to an Old Testament expression.(159)


157 Cf. Mk 3:31-35; 6:3; 1 Cor 9:5; Gal 1:19.

158 Mt 13:55; 28:1; cf. Mt 27:56.

159 Cf. Gen 13:8; 14:16; 29:15; etc