Basic Country Bread



Day 1

  • 1 tbs mature starter
  • 100 g water
  • 50 g unbleached all-purpose flour
  • 50 g whole wheat flour

Day 2

  • 100 g leaven
  • 350 g water
  • 500 g unbleached all-purpose flour
  • 50 g whole wheat flour
  • 25 g water
  • 10 g salt
  • Sesame seeds to sprinkle the loaf
  • Rice flour for dusting


Kitchen scale
Glass mixing bowl
Dough scraper (tip: perfect tool for cleaning your table from the flour after you are done)
Round basket or bowl for proofing
Cotton kitchen towel
Dutch oven with a lid


Day 1 (I usually do this in the evening, so that the leaven prepares overnight)

Mix the first two ingredients so that the starter almost dissolves in the water. Add the flour and mix well. Place in a glass container (big enough for the mixture to expand twice its size), cover with plastic and a lid. Let the leaven ferment for 8-10 hrs. It will start bubbling. The leaven is ready when it passes a float test – if a spoon of leaven floats in a glass of lukewarm water.

Day 2

After leaven is ready, pour 350 g of water into a large mixing bowl. Add 100 g of leaven and mix it with the water. Don’t worry if it’s not completely dissolved. Add the flour and mix well (I use Kitchen Aid Mixer, but it’s possible to mix it by hand with a wooden spoon –the dough is really moist).

Once the flour is incorporated, cover the bowl with a plastic wrap, and let rest for about 25-30 min.

After the rest, add salt and 25 g of water, mix well. The dough will break at first, but will get smooth again.

Cover with plastic wrap and let rise for about 3-4 hrs. Turn the dough carefully 3 times during the first two hours with a wet hand going from bottom to top.

After the rising is done, dump the dough in a lightly floured surface and, working with a dough scraper, fold it into a ball. Cover with plastic and a towel and let rest for another 30 min.

After 30 min the dough will flatten somewhat. Turn it around carefully and, using your hands fold it into a loaf like an envelope. Starting with the end closest to you, grab it with both hands, stretch it gently towards yourself, and fold to the top, pressing the end into the top portion of the dough. Stretch the right side carefully and fold it towards the left end, pressing the edge into the dough. Repeat with the right side. Fold the same way from top to bottom.

Turn the loaf around, helping yourself with the scraper. And carefully shape it with your hands into a round loaf by pushing the edges underneath the loaf and spinning it on the table.

Slightly moist your hands with water and pat the loaf. Sprinkle with sesame seeds.

Place a towel into a proofing basket or a deep bowl. Slightly sprinkle it with rice flour.

Using the scraper, lift the loaf and put it on the sprinkled towel, seeded side down, seam up.

Cover with the edges of the towel, put the basket into a bag and refrigerate for 8-20 hrs.

Day 3

Place a pizza stone and a Dutch oven with a lid into the oven and preheat to 500 F.

After the oven is hot, quickly remove the Dutch oven, and carefully dump the loaf into it, so that the seam falls on the bottom, and the seeded side is on the top. Score the top of the loaf with a bread knife. Immediately cover with the lid, and place in the oven.

Lower the oven temperature to 475 F and bake for 20 min.

After 20 min remove the lid, and lower oven temperature to 450 F.

Bake for 10 more min. After 10 min, quickly remove the loaf from the Dutch Oven and place it on the pizza stone. Let bake another 15 min.

By now the fresh bread aroma is taking over your house!

Remove the loaf from the oven and place it on the rack to cool