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The Rutgers Optimality Research Group meets on a biweekly basis to discuss current Optimality Theoretic developments in phonology, syntax, acquisition, processing, and related areas.

Meetings are held on Fridays at 10:00am-11:30am, in 18 Seminary Place, Room 108, unless otherwise noted. The schedule for current and past semesters is as follows.

Please contact Natalie DelBusso or Nick Danis with corrections, additions, or questions: <n.delbusso /æt/ rutgers.edu >, <nick.danis /æt/ rutgers.edu >

Spring 2016

 DateSpeaker Title 
Friday, May 20
10am-12am
Room 108
 Nazarré Merchant TBA
Friday, May 6
10am-12am
Room 108
 Will Bennett TBA
 Thursday, May 5
10am-12am
Room 108
 Hope McManus TBA
 Wednesday, March 30
10am-12pm
Room 001
 Vieri Samek-Lodovici Prosody-Governed Extraction Asymmetries in Italian
(abstract below)
Friday, March 11
1pm-3pm
Room 108
 Will BennettEmergent directionality in Kiga sibilant harmony
Friday, March 11
10am-12pm
Room 108
 Hazel MitchleyProperties of agreement resolution

Fall 2015

 DateSpeaker Title 
Friday, September 18
10am-12am
Room 108
 Giorgio MagriIdempotence, output-drivenness and the faithfulness triangular inequality: some consequences of McCarthy's (2003) categoricity generalization
 Wednesday, October 7
1pm-3pm 
Room 108
 Birgit Alber TBA

Spring 2015

Date        Speaker Title 
 Friday, March 13
10:30-12
Room 108
Nick Danis  Complex Segments made simple: Markedness and Doubly-articulated Stops
(abstract below)

Fall 2014

 DateSpeakerReading/Title
Wednesday October 8, 2014, 9:30-11:30
Room 108
 Alan PrinceWhat lies beneath: Elements of typological structure in OT
(see abstract below)

Spring 2014

Date
Speaker 
Reading/title 
January 31, 2014
Room 108
Bruce TesarRepresenting Correspondence in OTWorkplace: A Discussion
March 28, 2014
Room 108
Nick DanisComplex Stops: Place Faithfulness and Typological Investigations
April 4, 2014
Room 108
Alan Prince New Functionalities in OT Workplace
April 18, 2014
Room 108
Bruce TesarRelative Similarity and "Derived Environment Exchanges"

Fall 2013

 Date Speaker Reading/Title
November 15, 2013
9:30-11:30
Room 108
Brett HydeAlignment constraints

 December 6, 2013
1-3
Room 108
 Naz MerchantHarmonic Serialism

Fall 2012

Date
Speaker
Reading/title
September 14, 2012
Room 108
Will Bennett
On consonant harmony, dissimilation, and stem edges in Kinyarwanda (abstract)


Spring 2012

Date
Speaker
Reading/title
March 9, 2012
Room 108
Hope McManus
Lardil truncation & augmentation (handout here)
April 6, 2012
Room 108
Alan Prince
OT Workplace
April 20, 2012
Room 108
Paula Houghton
Some remarks on vowel lengthening
Thursday, April 26, 2012
2:50-4:10, Room 108
Eric Baković
Breaking down rule interactions, take two (see abstract below)
(Note special non-RORG time)
April 27, 2012
Room 108
Jason Riggle
Ranking and Convexity (see abstract below)

Abstracts:

Ranking and Convexity | Jason Riggle | April 27, 2012

The sets of rankings that are consistent with data sets in Optimality Theory (i.e., those describable by Elementary Ranking Conditions; ERCs, Prince 2002) make up an order-theoretic class that is slightly more general than the class of partial orders. For instance, no partial order can model a disjunctive generalization like "either constraint A or constraint B dominates constraint C". Such disjunctions arise readily from the comparison of candidates in OT, and yet most of the strategies proposed for learning rankings operate mainly in terms of the more restricted classes of partial orders and weak orders (i.e., stratified hierarchies as used in Tesar and Smolensky 1998). While this sort of complexity reduction may turn out to provide the best learning strategy, there are structural properties of the full class of rankings which merit further scrutiny for their potential to facilitate learning. This structure is evidenced by the fact that, though the ranking sets describable with ERCs are less restricted than those described by partial orders, they are still far from arbitrary. Crucially, these sets preserve a combinatorial analog of the familiar Euclidean notion of 'convexity' that gives the classes of partial and weak orders such desirable properties in terms of the ability to draw inferences about rankings from data. The main goal of this talk is to describe the combinatorial generalization of convexity for sets of rankings and to show the ways that this structure supports inferences in learning. Along the way, I will present a novel geometirc characterization of the combinatorial abstraction convexity in terms of the more intuitive and familiar notion of 'geodesic convexity' (i.e., convexity on spherical surfaces).

Breaking down rule interactions, take two | Eric Baković | April 26, 2012

Pairwise rule interactions, particularly the familiar feeding-type and bleeding-type interactions (Kiparsky 1968), have been at the center of debates between advocates of essentially (rule-based and) serial phonological architectures and advocates of essentially (constraint-based and) parallel phonological architectures. But standard or 'textbook' definitions of these pairwise interactions are highly informal (albeit intuitive), and in the most explicit cases they reference derivations rather than the forms of the rules themselves. My aim in this talk is to determine formally what kind of interaction between a given pair of rules is possible, based entirely on rule form and not derivations. Specifically, I propose a formal typology of the set of pairwise rule interactions that the rule-based serialism framework of Chomsky & Halle (1968) predicts. Rules are decomposed into their inputs (= minimal strings consistent with a rule's structural description) and their outputs (= minimal strings consistent with a rule's structural change); it is determined whether the inputs and outputs of one rule are compatible with the inputs and outputs of the other (in a specific sense to be defined in the talk), and the different combinations of compatibility and non-compatibility are shown to define different pairwise rule interactions. I discuss some of the more familiar pairwise interactions from this perspective, and briefly demonstrate how fruitful formal comparisons between e.g. rule-based serialism and OT can be made.


Fall 2011

Date
Speaker
Reading/title
October 14, 2011
Room 108
Peter Staroverov
Vocalic elements in Russian word-final consonant clusters
October 21, 2011
Room 108
Will Bennett
Surface Correspondence and Sundanese r~l alternations


Spring 2011

Date
Speaker
Reading/title
April 1, 2011
Room 108
Mike Putnam
L1 Attrition in Optimality Theory


Fall 2010

Date
Speaker
Reading/title
October 1, 2010
Basement Lounge
Crystal Akers
Learning Multiple Hidden Structures
October 8, 2010 11:15 am
Room 108
Peter Jurgec Triggers vs. Propagators
October 29, 2010 3:00 pm
Room 108      
Jane Grimshaw
A Typology of Do-Support


Spring 2009

Date
Speaker
Reading/title
 January 23, 2009
Bruce Tesar (Rutgers)
 Programming for Linguistic Research I
 February 6, 2009
Bruce Tesar (Rutgers)  Programming for Linguistic Research II
 February 20, 2009
Bruce Tesar (Rutgers)
 Programming for Linguistic Research III
 April 10, 2009 
Bruce Tesar (Rutgers)  Programming for Linguistic Research IV
 April 13, 2009    
Satoshi Tomioka (UDel)

 "Topics of Contrast" (Joint SURGE+RORG) (abstract)
 April 14, 2009
(Tuesday, 12 noon)
 Will Bennett (Rutgers)
 The Distribution and Representation of Nasalized Clicks

The Programming for Linguistic Research series has a Sakai site with files used and created in the discussions.  For access to the Sakai site, contact Bruce Tesar.


Fall 2008

Date Speaker Reading/title
 November 21,  2008
 Peter Staroverov (Rutgers) - Part II
More on OT-CC/Harmonic Serialism (title TBA)
Read: McCarthy's "Candidate Chains and Phonological Opacity" [pdf]
Optional: McCarthy's "Gradual Path to Cluster Simplification" [pdf]
 November 7, 2008
Peter Staroverov (Rutgers)
Analyzing the Predictions of OT-CC: Rhythmic Vowel Deletion (Abstract [pdf], Handout [pdf])
Read: McCarthy's "The Serial Interaction of Stress and Syncope" [pdf]
Optional reading: McCarthy's "Candidate Chains and Phonological Opacity" [pdf]
October 3, 2008
Crystal Akers (Rutgers) Mini-meeting: Automating GEN and EVAL



Meetings from Spring 2008

Date Speaker Reading/title
March 27, 2008 Jonathan Wright (Rutgers) Tone in Seoul Korean
April 4, 2008 Paula Houghton (Rutgers) Variation in OT
April 25, 2008 at 11:30 Gaja Jarosz (Yale) Statistical Learning of Phonology
May 2, 2008 Alan Prince (Rutgers) OT by the book


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81105rorg-hd5_syncope.pdf
(93k)
Rutgers Linguistics,
Nov 6, 2008, 10:29 PM
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McCarthy_07-OT-CC_Ch3.pdf
(4637k)
Aaron Braver,
Oct 31, 2008, 10:46 PM
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McCarthy_08_metrically-conditioned-syncope.pdf
(998k)
Aaron Braver,
Oct 31, 2008, 10:45 PM
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Rutgers Linguistics,
Sep 7, 2012, 1:09 PM
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Aaron Braver,
Oct 3, 2008, 8:16 AM
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Rutgers Linguistics,
Oct 7, 2014, 4:30 AM
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Rutgers Linguistics,
Sep 7, 2012, 1:14 PM
ċ
Riggle - RORG abstract
(2k)
Rutgers Linguistics,
Apr 23, 2012, 9:57 AM
ĉ
Rutgers Linguistics,
Apr 22, 2016, 12:07 PM
Ċ
Rutgers Linguistics,
Mar 1, 2015, 3:55 PM
ċ
staroverov-abstract.pdf
(52k)
Aaron Braver,
Oct 31, 2008, 10:44 PM
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