Mount Meru, the abode of the gods

Mount Meru, the center of the universe is considered as a symbol in Hindu mythology, is a place of gods where the Gods dwell. Mount Meru is also considered sacred in Buddhist cosmology and Jain mythology as the center of all real and mythological universes. Mount Meru symbolises the central axis supporting the world. Many Buddhist images have a mountain in it showing the Buddha on the summit symbolizing victory over ignorance. It is believed to be the abode of Brahma (creator of the universe) and other deities. According to the Bhagwat Puran the mountain is said to be 80,000 yojanas or leagues (450,000 km) high and located in Jambudvipa, one of the continents on earth in Hindu mythology. Many Hindu temples, including Angkor Wat, the principal temple of Angkor in Cambodia, have been built as symbolic representations of the mountain. Mount Meru is said to be made of pure gold and is the centre of the Universe and extending into the Divine Regions.


That of Brahma is called Brahma-loka, situated on the summit of Mount Meru; that of Vishnu is Vaikuntha, on the Himalayas; that of Siva and Kuvera is Kailusa, also on the Himalayas ; that of Irjdra is Swarga or Nandana. The latter, though properly on one of the points of Mount Meru, below Brahma's paradise, is sometimes identified with the sphere of the sky or heaven in general.