Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit


Royal Papua and New Guinea Constabulary



 


Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit (ANGAU)

10 April 1942 - 23 June 1946

With the Australia army assuming control of both New Guinea and Papua in February 1942 in the light of Japanese advances, most of the surviving civil officers from both territories were posted to ANGAU. This military administrative unit was established in Port Moresby to maintain the civil administration's functions like preserving and controlling native labour and keeping law and order.

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ANGAU areas of responsibility included maintaining law and order, providing health and education services, arranging recruitment for the indigenous infantry battalions, and gathering information on the enemy’s dispositions. However ANGAU is best known for having recruited and managed the indigenous labourers, who in continually supporting allied troops in action, acted as carriers on various supply lines throughout Papua and New Guinea, and in evacuating the wounded.


ANGAU was also responsible for such tasks as civil law enforcement, district administration, health services
and coastal shipping. Many of the key personnel, especially in the District Services Branch, were former
administration officials but, equally, many were drawn from volunteers sought from Army units.
The District Services personnel - the ‘kiaps’ - and their colleagues of the Royal Papuan Constabulary who
best knew the country and its peoples were increasingly drawn into active military operations against the
Japanese as advisers, scouts and guides. ANGAU was partly responsible for the administration of the alphabet
soup of irregular units that operated in enemy-occupied territory.




Lenard Logan hands over RPC volunteers to Major P. Chalmers as the 1st PIB in 1940 at Konedobu parade ground


 




September, 1943 The  Battle of Kaiapit  Yarawa  of the Royal Papuan Constabulary is congratulated for single-handedly capturing a Japanese sergeant


 

The function of the ANGAU

To provide to the utmost extents all the requirements of the fighting service operations in each district. These include provisions of scouts, information and labour, collection of wounded, succouring of crashed airman and assistance to troops. To maintain at all times the closest liaison with military command in each district The main object of the Unit, as of every Unit in His Majesty’s Forces in New Guinea, is to assist in ejecting the enemy from the Territory

Civil

Policing of the Territory and maintain law and order. It is realised that if controls lost, long periods must endure before control will again be effected, and the value to our cause of a loyal, law abiding locale population cannot be over-estimated

Production

To produce the greatest possible quantity of rubber, copra etc

District Services

This branch to police the Territory maintain Law and Order and to provide labour for production and operational purpose

Production Services

To provide food, transport staff for plantations

(extract from War dairy 14th Feb 1942 – 28th Feb 1942)


 
 
Papua Constabulary Bulger
with the ANGAU 

 

Constable Bir and Baket of the New Guinea Police Force display a Japanese sword they captured while on patrol near Wewak New Guinea. 13th May 1945


The guard of The New Guinea Police Force ready for patrol 18th July 1545

Reinhold Highway Wau New Guinea group photo of
 two  Papua Constabulary and labour line two Australian
 Warrant Officers attached to ANGAU. 13th August 1945

 

New Ireland a unit of the Royal Papua Constabulary with Captain NFW Shand of the ANGAU getting ready to disembark from the HMAS  on to a badge to set up a headquarters at Lossuk Bay  19th October 1945

 

WONGINARA MISSION, NEW GUINEA. 1945-04-06. SOME OF "GODWIN'S GUERILLAS", WHO HAVE TAKEN PART IN THE FIGHT AGAINST THE JAPANESE.THE POLICE  OF THE NEWGUINEA CONSTABUALTRY AND NATIVE SCOUTS GUIDED 2/3 INFANTRY BATTALION TROOPS IN THE ATTACK ON MAJOR GENERAL NAKAI'S HEADQUARTERS.


 

TOROKINA, BOUGAINVILLE, 1945-08-04. MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL PAPUAN CONSTABULARY DURING INSPECTION BY LIEUTENANT-GENERAL S.G. SAVIGE,
GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING 2 CORPS. LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SAVIGE PRESENTED VALOUR MEDALS TO TWO NATIVE POLICE BOYS WHO PERFORMED
EXCEPTIONALLY BRAVE DEEDS IN THE FACE OF HEAVY JAPANESE FIRE. THE INVESTITURE WAS HELD AT THE AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA ADMINISTRATIVE UNIt
NATIVE COMPOUND.
 

 (The names of the European men are known yet in every  instance no names of the local force were recorded !)



TOROKINA, BOUGAINVILLE, 1945-08-04. MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL PAPUAN CONSTABULARY ON PARADE AT THE AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT NATIVE COMPOUND DURING THE VISIT MADE BY LIEUTENANT-GENERAL S.G. SAVIGE, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING 2 CORPS. HE PRESENTED VALOUR MEDALS TO TWO NATIVE POLICE BOYS FOR BRAVERY IN THE FACE OF HEAVY JAPANESE FIRE. ( no names)

KIARIVU, NEW GUINEA, 1945-08-11. NATIVE POLICE EXAMINING THE CLOTHING AND GEAR OF NATIVES WHO HAVE BEEN RELEASED DURING THE 2/7 INFANTRY BATTALION OCCUPATION OF THE VILLAGE. 2/7 INFANTRY BATTALION TROOPS NOW OCCUPY THE AREA. HUNDREDS OF NATIVES WERE RELEASED AND BROUGHT IN BY AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT FOR LABOURING.
 

 
KIARIVU, NEW GUINEA, 1945-08-11. NATIVE REFUGEES LINED UP FOR INSPECTION BY NATIVE POLICE

NANTAMBU, NEW BRITAIN, 1945-06. CAPT J. DUNBAR-REID, ASSISTANT DISTRICT OFFICER, NEW BRITAIN AND LT J.H.H. MACGREGOR DOWSETT, ANGAU NATIVE LABOUR 

 

KILA, NEW GUINEA. 1943-10-24. THE GUARD OF HONOUR of the ROYAL PAPUAN CONSTABULARY.ATTACHED TO ANGAU


 
Yule Island, New Guinea. 1944-05-15. Members of the Royal Papuan Constabulary standing to attention during a parade at Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit (ANGAU), Kairuka Station.




 Colour Patch - Australian New Guinea Administrative Unit



 

The 58 names recorded are taken predominately from the records of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission.

During WW2 police officers from both forces acted not only in their role as police but also as guides and escorts for the military.  Many transferred into Australian Military Units such as ANGAU, M Special Unit and as Infantry and in many cases gave their lives in the fight against the invading Japanese.  Unfortunately it is highly unlikely that a truly accurate record will ever be able to be made of the sacrifice of the two police forces during this period owing to a lack of records.  In most cases an exact date of death is not known.

 

Royal Papua Constabulary and New Police Force

 

 

ARISSA, Constable. BAGUWAI, Constable. BALITA, Constable BALAITA, Constable/Bandsman.  BAILI, Constable. BAUKEN, Constable.

BUN, Constable.  DAO, A., Constable. BIGRI, Constable.  DAROK, Constable. EBES, Constable.  EGARO, Constable.  EKOBET, Constable.  GUTA, Constable. 

 JINING, Constable. JUIAM, Constable PERI, Corporal. OBI, Lance Corporal. TUTUK, Lance Corporal. KABIS, Constable.  KAGOS, Constable.

KAIYA, Constable. KAKI, Constable.  KALAMSEI B.E.M .Constable. KALAMSEI, Constable, KANANIU, Sergeant. KEU, Constable.  KUNDI, Constable. 

KIGO, Constable.  KIGUA, Constable.  KIRIAT, Constable.  KOIGAE, Constable KOLO, Constable.  MANJIA, Constable. LOLI, Constable LOPI, Constable. MITA, Constable.  MOU, Constable.  MO, Constable. ORAMAPI, Constable.  OSOVI-NAGASU, Constable. PERI, Corporal. PERI, Constable PALITA, Constable. PEMBU, Constable. PALIAU, Constable POPOLI, Constable. PUKA, Constable. SAPILA Sergeant. SAMBAN, Constable.  SIAI, Constable. TAGAU, Constable.  TAGON, Constable. LUS, Sergeant. MAS, Sergeant.  SAUMAN, Constable TEMBORA, Constable.  YOTUWTT, ,Constable













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