What is Knowledge 2(3)?

Vad är kunskap?

A simple model of knowledge based on the conception of communication via signal systems is presented.

Knowledge, based on mutual understanding between at least two human beings, is interpreted and made active by the awareness and consciousness of human beings. The evaluation and judgement of this knowledge as useful or true or useless or false is to be decided by groups of people within the appropriate world of knowledge. 

It is argued that this fundamental definition of knowledge has profound impact on all types of communication processes between people and gives a simple practical guide for the individual to reach human understanding – and knowledge.

Keywords: communication, learning, knowledge, creativity, education, research





A basic model of knowledge emerges when we focus on the scientific structure on which any theory of knowledge is built. Knowledge is communicated and agreed upon by human beings. Communication is coupled to signal systems, signals, senders, receivers. Humans are ultimately the interpreters of those signals, which sometimes can by coupled to “words”, and processed as conscious thoughts, but most of the time we are just responding to what we “see” by an appropriate action –  e.g. “showing” knowledge to another person. Thus, knowledge is “everything” that can be communicated with mutual understanding between at least two human beings. The act of classifying this knowledge as true, currently-true, false or just opinions, rumours, lies or religious beliefs is a matter for an appropriate contextual communication process between human beings! The presentation will show and discuss fruitful consequences of the proposed definition of knowledge, playfully called Cavelights & Tools Unlimited.