What is Knowledge 1(3)?

Knowledge is “everything” that can be communicated with mutual understanding
between at least two human beings 

What is Knowledge 2(3)?

communication
signals
signal system
language
learning
knowledge
creativity
education
research

Vad är kunskap?

kommunikation
signaler
signalsystem
språk
lärande
kunskap
kreativitet
utbildning
forskning

Tools of Knowledge

Data – is all signals that can be communicated to a human being.

Information – is data interpreted (made conscious) by a human being.

Knowledge – is information which has got the status of knowledge.

_________________________________________

Information and knowledge reside
in human beings.

No humans -
no information -
no knowledge! 

_________________________________________

A logical process: 

1. Knowledge presupposes a language.

2. Languages are communicated between individual human beings (persons) with the help of signal systems.

3. Knowledge presupposes communication.

4. Knowledge presupposes a signal system.

5. The human being (HB) consists of head and body (or soul and body, or mind and body).

6. Head and body are both senders and receivers of signals to and from the surroundings.

7. The head can only master a small amount of information or thoughts in the consiousness.
External signals and internal signals (from the head and body) influence and can change the contents in the consciousness.

8. A symbol (notion, concept) consists of a symbol code and a symbol description.

9. A symbol code is created in a signal system and corresponds to the designation or identification of the symbol or in a verbal language the “name” of the concept articulated as sound waves and/or as artefacts (as these written symbol codes) mediated through electromagnetic waves.

10. A symbol description is created in a signal system and is a string of symbols which gives meaning to a symbol code or

11. A symbol description corresponds to the definition of the concept.

12. A string of symbols is a permutation or an ordered set of symbol codes recognizable and interpretable by a human being.

13. A symbol code without a interpretable symbol description is meaningless or

14. A concept without a definition is meaningless.

15. A language consists of concepts (defined symbols), rules (of the language) and propositions (interpretable strings of symbols).

16. Rules are fundamental strings of symbols in a language. (Rules give e.g. properties of permitted strings of symbols in a language, the syntax of a language).

17. Propositions are permitted strings of symbols in a language.

18. A domain of a language (the room of definitions of a language) is a set of all permitted concepts (defined symbols) and rules in the language.

19. A codomain of a language (the room of influence of a language) is a set of all permitted (possible) propositions in the language.

20. A language is permutations of strings of symbols or more precise

21. A language is symbol codes with symbol descriptions and permutations of strings of
symbol codes.

22. Knowledge is by definition found in rooms of knowledge. Two or more rooms of knowledge can be said to define a (specific) world of knowledge.

23. A room of knowledge is the union of the domain and codomain of a language.

24. Knowledge is (this is our fundamental definition of knowledge) “interpretable strings of symbols” (belonging to a language communicable by human beings) which are
communicated with mutual (reciprocal) understanding between at least two human beings or (replacing the cited “interpretable strings of symbols” with “everything”)

25. Knowledge is “everything” that can be communicated with mutual understanding between at least two human beings.