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      A pop-up from the pages of a 17th-century treatise on perspective by Abraham Bosse.

My research takes an empirically oriented, interdisciplinary approach toward a range of issues in the philosophy of perception, philosophy of cognitive science, and philosophy of mind. Topics I've written about include the role of action in perception, spatial representation, the dual systems model of visual processing, mental imagery, cognitive penetration, sensory substitution, depiction, and pictorial experience.

I'm currently Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Ohio University; Director of Studies for philosophy majors in Ohio University's Honors Tutorial Collegeas well as a contributing editor at Brains, a group blog on topics in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science ( 

I was a Fulbright-Scotland Visiting Professor in the Department of Philosophy's Centre for the Study of Perceptual Experience (CSPE) at the University of Glasgow during the 2017-18 academic year.

Publications (in print, forthcoming, and in the works)
Many of these can be downloaded at PhilPapers or

24. Briscoe, Robert (in preparation). “Toward a New Theory of Depiction.”

23. Briscoe, Robert (in preparation). “Imagination and Pictorial Understanding."

22. Briscoe, Robert (forthcoming). “Colour Categorization and Categorical Perception.” To appear in The Routledge Handbook to the Philosophy of Colour,  D. Brown and F. Macpherson (eds.), Routledge.

21. Briscoe, Robert (2019). “Bodily Awareness and Novel Types of Multisensory Features." In Between Vision and Action, a special issue of Synthese edited by G. Ferretti and S. Zipoli Caiani (

20. Briscoe, Robert (2019). “Bodily Action and Distal Attribution in Sensory Substitution.” In Sensory Substitution and Augmentation, F. Macpherson (ed.), Oxford University Press, Proceedings of the British Academy Series, pp. 173-186.

19. Briscoe, Robert (2018). “Gombrich and the Duck-Rabbit.” In Aspect Perception after Wittgenstein: Seeing-As and Novelty, M. Beaney, B. Harrington, and D. Shaw (eds.), Routledge, pp. 49-88.

18. Briscoe, Robert (2018). “Superimposed Mental Imagery: On the Uses of Make-Perceive.”  In Perceptual Memory and Perceptual Imagination, F. Macpherson and F. Dorsch (eds.), Oxford University Press, pp. 161-185.

17. Briscoe, Robert (2017). “Multisensory Processing and Perceptual Consciousness: Part II." Philosophy Compass 12(12):1-13.

16. Briscoe, Robert (2016). "Depiction, Pictorial Experience, and Vision Science." New Directions in the Philosophy of Perception, C. Hill and B. McLaughlin (eds.), Philosophical Topics 44(2): 41-87.

15. Briscoe, Robert (2016). “Multisensory Processing and Perceptual Consciousness: Part I.” Philosophy Compass 11(2): 121-133

14. Briscoe, Robert & Rick Grush (2015). “Action-based Theories of Perception.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Link:

13. Briscoe, Robert & John Schwenkler (2015). “Conscious Vision in Action." Cognitive Science 39: 1435-1467.

12. Briscoe, Robert (2015). “Cognitive Penetration and the Reach of Phenomenal Content.” In The Cognitive Penetrability of Perception: New Philosophical Perspectives, A. Raftopoulos and J. Zeimbeikis (eds.), Oxford University Press, pp. 174-199.

11. Briscoe, Robert (2014). “Do Intentions for Action Penetrate Visual Experience?” Frontiers in Psychology 5: 1-2.

10. Briscoe, Robert (2014). “Spatial Content and Motoric Significance,” Avant 2 (Enactivism: Arguments and Applications): 199-216.

9. Briscoe, Robert (2014). Review of Christopher Gauker, Words and Images: An Essay on the Origin of IdeasMind 123: 902-906.

8. Briscoe, Robert (2011). “Mental Imagery and the Varieties of Amodal Perception,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92: 153–173. 

7. Briscoe, Robert (2011). “The Elusive Experience of Agency,” Topics in Cognitive Science 3: 262–267.

6. Briscoe, Robert (2010). “Perceiving the Present: Systematization of Illusions or Illusion of Systematization?,” Cognitive Science 34: 1530–1542.

5. Briscoe, Robert (2009). “Egocentric Spatial Representation in Action and Perception,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research79: 423-460.

4. Briscoe, Robert (2008). “Vision, Action, and Make-Perceive,” Mind and Language 23: 457-497.

3. Briscoe, Robert (2008). “Another Look at the Two Visual Systems Hypothesis,” Journal of Consciousness Studies 15: 35-62. 

2. Briscoe, Robert (2007). “Communication and Rational Responsiveness to the World,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88: 135-159.

1. Briscoe, Robert (2006). “Individualism, Externalism, and Idiolectical Meaning,” Synthese 152: 95–128.