Every good musician knows that regular practice is a must, but did you know that careless practice can actually make you worse? Before you tell your parent or your teacher that you have decided not to practice, think about the WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE and HOW of practice that will help you play better and enjoy music more.

1. Who?
YOU! Good practice involves your mind, your body, your emotions, and the music. Your parent or teacher may be able to force you to spend time playing the notes, but only YOU can focus your mind and your feeling on the sounds you are producing, so that the music you play is beautiful and expressive.

2. What?
Practice that progresses toward perfection will include:
  • Warm-ups (long tones)
  • Review of scales, etudes, or pieces you have already learned
  • Your new assignment
  • Something you really love playing, or just for fun (maybe even make up a piece on your own)

3. When?
Dr. Suzuki said, "Only on the days that you eat!" The best plan is to make practice a part of your daily routine. If you know you will practice at a certain time every day, it will happen with very few exceptions.

4. How?
This is a VERY important question! Many students practice by playing straight through a piece or other assignment (often as quickly as possible) as if they were at a recital, then go on to the next thing, no matter what happened. Money won't buy better playing, but well spent practice time will. Here are some hints for getting the most for your practice "dollar."

  • Set goals to try to accomplish in each practice session
  • Warm up with long tones, working on tone qualty, intonation and breath support
  • Be sure you know what the passage should sound like
  • Work on the most challenging spots first
  • Break the music down into small sections
  • (How do you eat an elephant? - One bite at a time!)
  • Repeat the passage many times AFTER you get it right so you can't get it wrong
  • Before you end each practice session, play the entire piece, and enjoy!
5. Musicians Tools (free apps for your phone):
  • Tuner: Put it in front of you while playing long tones to make sure you're playing in tune.
  • Metronome: Use for playing scales and songs you are working on. Develop good sense of time.
  • Youtube: Listen to professionals play your instrument. This will help you develop your sound.

*Practice 12 major scales up and down in the circle of 5ths using 
long tones (whole notes) and the following pattern:
Q EEEEEE Q EEEEEE Q (Q = quarter note, E = eighth note)