Raoul Gustav Wallenberg bibliography

Raoul Gustav Wallenberg  (August 4, 1912 – July 16, 1947) was a Swedish diplomat and a member of the influential Wallenberg family. In the later stages of World War II, he worked tirelessly and at great personal risk to save many thousands of Hungarian Jews from the Holocaust.

  • New York Times; April 26, 1945, Thursday; Jews in Hungary Helped by Swede; Raoul Wallenberg, Architect, Credited With Leading Rescue of 20,000 From Nazis. The adventures of Raoul Wallenberg, a 31-year-old architect who led the rescue of 20,000 Hungarian Jews before the Red Army liberated Budapest from the Nazis, was disclosed here yesterday at the Swedish Consulate. Mr. Wallenberg is a member of one of Sweden's chief diplomatic and banking families. 
  • Washington Post; April 25, 1947; I want to draw your attention to a matter which has until now not received the attention it deserves, the work and fate of Raoul Wallenberg. After an outstanding humanitarian mission in Hungary as a secret representative of the War Refugee Board during the war, he was, after the liberation of Budapest by the Russians, taken under the protection of the Red army, and has still, after more than two years not returned to his country. 
  • Washington Post; April 4, 1956; Russians to Probe Fate Of Long-Lost Wallenberg. Moscow, April 3 (AP) The Soviet Government has promised to continue inquiry into the fate of the Swedish diplomat and Red Cross representative, Raoul Wallenberg, who disappeared in Budapest in 1945, Prime Minister Tage Erlander of Sweden said today.
  • Washington Post; April 8, 1956; Swedes Sore at '44 Red Snatching. Stockholm. A Soviet military escort took Swedish Red Cross Envoy Raoul Wallenberg into custody in wartime Budapest 12 years ago and started an international mystery.

  • New York Times; February 15, 1957; German's Death Listed; Soviet Notifies the Red Cross Diplomat Died in Prison.
  • Washington Post; February 21, 1957; Stockholm, February 20, 1957 (AP) Sweden accused the Soviet government today of lying and withholding facts about Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat disclosed only two weeks ago to have died at a Moscow prison in the Stalin era.
  • Time magazine; Monday, February 18, 1957; "Well Taken Care Of". For almost twelve years Russia and its Baltic neighbor, Sweden, have been in a bitter dispute over the disappearance of Raoul Wallenberg, a slender, balding Swedish-legation attache who was picked up by Russian secret police in Budapest near the end of World War II. When the NKVD drove him off to Marshal Malinovsky's headquarters on Jan. 17, 1945, Wallenberg said: "I'm going to Malinovsky's ... whether as a guest or prisoner I do not know yet." Those were the last words ever heard from him.
  • New York Times Magazine; March 30, 1980, Sunday; The Last Hero of Holocaust. The Search for Sweden's Raoul Wallenberg. During the late fall of 1944, five men sat down to dinner in the Budapest home of Lays Berg, a Swedish diplomat. Adolf Eichmann was present with an aide. The others were 32-year-old Raoul Wallenberg. 
  • New York Times; January 27, 1982;  To the Editor: According to a ''Footnote to the Fate of a Hero'' (Notes on People, Jan. 18, 1982), a new book about Raoul Wallenberg expounds the theory that high Soviet o fficials revealed to Tage Erlander (former Swedish Prime Minister) and to a prominent Swedish physician, Dr. Svartz, that, after being tortured, Raoul Wallenberg died in 1965 in a Soviet mental hospital. If indeed ''high Soviet officials'' gave ''convincing details'' concerning Mr. Wallenberg's death in 1965, it would have been inexcusable not to have revealed this Soviet admission for a period of 17 years - especially in view of the mounting efforts in the Western world to obtain Raoul Wallenberg's release from the Gulag. More peculiarly, it boggles the mind that ''high Soviet officials'' would reveal to Western authorities that such atrocities were being committed in the Soviet Union 12 years after the end of the Stalin era. Thus far, the Western world is aware of only two official Soviet positions concerning the fate of Raoul Wallenberg. The first - maintained between 1945 and 1957 - claims ignorance and innocence with respect to Wallenberg's whereabouts. The second - made public initially in a Soviet statement in 1957 and reiterated periodically ever since (most recently in October 1981 to the U.S. State Department) - claims that Raoul Wallenberg had been held in the Soviet prison system from 1945 to 1947, when he died. Under present circumstances, the Soviet authorities have four options: (1) They can in fact provide the Western world with ''convincing details'' of Raoul Wallenberg's torture and death in 1965 and thus corroborate the claims in the book; (2) they can deny the alleged 1965 statement and continue to stick to their story that Wallenberg died in 1947 in a Soviet prison; (3) they can reveal Raoul Wallenberg's fate during the 1970's, when he was repeatedly sighted by unimpeachable sources, who risked their lives in bringing word of this hero to the free world; (4) they can, at long last, release Raoul Wallenberg from his unjust captivity in the Gulag. Tom Lantos, Member of Congress, 11th Dist., Calif., Washington, January 18, 1982 
  • Associated Press; August 25, 1989; The Soviet ambassador to Sweden has acknowledged his nation's guilt in the case of Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat missing since he was arrested by Soviet troops in 1945. Wallenberg, who would be 77, is credited with saving tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews from Nazi concentration camps while he served as a Swedish diplomat in Hungary in 1944 and early 1945. "The dead cannot be brought back to life," Ambassador Boris Pankin said in an article.
  • New York Times; October 17, 1989;  Soviets Show Wallenberg's Jail Card. Soviets Give Kin Wallenberg Papers. More than 45 years after Raoul Wallenberg disappeared into the Soviet prison system after saving thousands of Jews from the Nazis, the Soviet authorities gave his family some of his personal belongings: a blue Swedish diplomatic passport embossed with the royal crown, some money and several notebooks. 
  • New York Times; October 21, 1989; After decades of insisting that they had no evidence or documents about the fate of Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat arrested by Soviet troops after saving thousands of Jews from the Nazis, the Soviet authorities today showed Mr. Wallenberg's friends and family the card registering him as a prisoner of war in Lubyanka Prison here. 
  • New York Times; October 18, 1990; A former K.G.B. official says he saw records indicating that Raoul Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat who saved thousands of Jews in World War II, was executed at least 43 years ago, The Times of London said today. The former official, Oleg Gordievsky, whose book is being serialized in The Times of London, said he saw the Wallenberg file in the archives of the Soviet security agency. Soviet officials tried to recruit Mr. Wallenberg shortly after the Red Army moved into Budapest in 1945, Mr. Gordievsky writes. When Mr. Wallenberg refused, he was taken to the Soviet Union and shot, ''not later than 1947,'' The Times reported. The account of Mr. Wallenberg's death was not included in the excerpts from Mr. Gordievsky's book, ''K.G.B.: The Inside Story of Its Foreign Operations from Lenin to Gorbachev,'' which he wrote with Christopher Andrew, but in a short news article accompanying the text. Soviet authorities said in 1957 that Mr. Wallenberg died in 1947 in Lubyanka Prison in Moscow, but Mr. Wallenberg's relatives and others have pressed for investigations of reports that the diplomat was still alive. He would be 77 years old today if alive. Swedish authorities have relayed reports to Soviet authorities that Mr. Wallenberg was seen in the 1950's and '60s, with less reliable reports of sightings continuing into the 1980's.  
  • New York Times; August 28, 1990; Soviets Open Prisons and Records To Inquiry on Wallenberg's Fate. The Soviet Union has agreed for the first time to open prisons and archives to an international commission investigating the fate of Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who disappeared into the Soviet prison system after saving thousands of Jews from the Nazis, members of the commission said today. The investigators said the promise of collaboration by Soviet agencies - including the K.G.B., whose files are considered the richest potential source of information - offered the best chance to date of proving or disproving the Soviet assertion that Mr. Wallenberg died in 1947.
  • New York Times; September 6, 1991; The K.G.B. promised today that it would let agents break their vow of silence to help investigate the fate of Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who vanished after being arrested by the Soviets in 1945. The new K.G.B. chief, Vadim V. Bakatin, agreed to release the names of former K.G.B. officials who were involved in the interrogation or investigation of Mr. Wallenberg and to let a joint Swedish-Soviet team interview them.  
  • Time magazine; Monday, August 7, 2000; Cause of Death Conceded. Swedish diplomat imprisoned in Moscow in 1945; by Russian investigators. After saving at least 20,000 Hungarian Jews from Nazi death camps by issuing them Swedish passports, Wallenberg was arrested in Budapest by the Soviets. Russian officials had maintained that he died of a heart attack in Lubyanka prison in 1947. They now admit he probably was murdered. 
  • Washington Post; December 23, 2000; Moscow put out several false versions of what befell Raoul Wallenberg after he disappeared from Budapest on January 17, 1945, on his way to meet the commanders of occupying Soviet troops. One had him killed in a street battle in Budapest; another said he died of a heart attack while under the protection of Soviet troops. The prosecutor's office today offered fewer details than Alexander Yakovlev about Wallenberg's case. The prosecutor's statement said only that despite Wallenberg's diplomatic immunity, he and his driver were arrested and imprisoned as "socially dangerous" people. Nina Lagergren, Wallenberg's half sister, said Russian officials owe Wallenberg's family more of an explanation. "They cannot believe we would be satisfied with this," she told a Swedish new agency. "They must come up with concrete evidence." Wallenberg's half brother, Guy Von Darden, had the same reaction to Yakovlev's comments last month. "We need documentary proof," he said then. "It's not normal to say all the evidence has disappeared."
  • Time magazine; Monday, September 2, 2002; Died. Per Anger. Swedish diplomat who worked with Raoul Wallenberg to save thousands of Jews from Nazi death camps by issuing Swedish identity documents; in Stockholm. Wallenberg, who worked with Anger at the Swedish legation in Budapest, was arrested by the advancing Soviet army in 1945 and never heard from again. After the war, Anger led the effort to determine Wallenberg's fate, visiting Moscow in 1989 to make a personal appeal for information to Mikhail Gorbachev. Anger served as Sweden's ambassador to both Australia and Canada and was made an honorary Israeli citizen in 2000.