Mock Duck bibliography

Sai Wing Mock aka Mock Duck (1879 – July 24, 1941) was a New York Chinese criminal and leader of the Hip Sing Tong, who eventually overthrew the On Leong Tong as the dominant Chinese-American Tong in New York's Chinatown in the early 1900s. 

  • New York Times; Feb 20, 1902, Thursday; Want Chicken's Head Cut Off When They Testify. Professor of Physical "Sculpture" Testifies in the Trial of Mock Duck, Charged with Murder. Chinatown in short silk overcoats, lined with rabbit's fur, gathered yesterday in the Criminal Branch of the Supreme Court, many of the celestials having been subpoenaed there to testify in the case of Mock Duck, charged with participation in the killing of Ah Fee, who was persona non grata to the Highbinders and a Mason of high degree in the organization opposed to them. 
  •  Washington Post; March 21, 1905; Mock Duck Accused of Employing Highbinders in New York. Members of Rival Society Come Out of Hiding to Make Charge Against Him. New York, March 20, 1905. The Mock Duck, said to be the head man of the Hiv Sing Tong, a Chinese secret society, was arrested to-day on a warrant issued at the instance of District Attorney Jerome and was brought to hat official's office for a questioning. Coincident with his arrest Tom Lee and Gin Gum, respectively chief and secretary of the On Leong Tong, a rival society, came out from hiding, where they had been since Duck returned from a trip from out of town.
  • New York Times; January 25, 1906, Thursday; 2 Killed From Ambush In Chinatown Battle; Hip Sings Lay In Wait For The On Leong Tongs. Daylight Fight In Pell St. Renewal Of The Gamblers' Feud On The Chinese New Year. Mock Duck's Alibi. Two Chinamen were killed yesterday afternoon and two others wounded when the war between the rival On Leong and Hip Sing Tongs broke out anew. Both of the dead men belonged to the On Leong Tong. One of them was a cousin of Tom Lee, the head of the order, who is known as the "Mayor of Chinatown." The wounded men were also members of the On Leong Tong.
  • New York Times; February 13, 1906, Tuesday; There's A New Tong In Chinatown Now; Mock Duck And Wong Get Head It, So The Quarter Is Nervous. On Leongs Invite Jerome Judges And Police Officials Also To Be Asked To Dinner. Police Watched Last Night's Feast. There is a new tong in Chinatown. It is not a party to the peace treaty, and as Mock Duck, prime troublemaker, is one of its organizers, the worst is feared.
  • Washington Post via New York Sun; March 24, 1907; Mock Duck is Bereft. Gerry Society Takes Foster Child of Chinaman. Ha Oi Had Reformed Him. Former Leader of the Hip Siag Tong Disconsolate Because the Little Girl, Whose Mother Was an American, Was Spirited Away by the Officers of the Law. The Gamblers Worried. There was no little Ha Oi peering through the window on the first floor of 10 Doyers street yesterday, and as the Chinamen, their blouse collars muffled up round their necks, shuffled through the rein soaked narrow street they stopped under the awning on the opposite side and wondered why she had failed them.
  • New York Times; August 5, 1907, Monday; Mock Duck Arrested Again. Charged with Being Implicated in KillIng of Three Boston Chinamen.
  • Washington Post; August 5, 1907; Mock Duck in Custody. Police Expect Losers in Feud Fight to Attack Hip Sings. Boston, Massachusetts, August 4, 1907. Mock Duck, one of the New York leaders of the notorious Hip Sing Tong Society, was arrested by special officers of the Boston police last night on suspicion that he was concerned in the murderous deeds which members of his society committed in Boston's Chinatown Friday night. 
  • New York Times; July 7, 1912, Sunday; Mock Duck Gets a Stay; Convicted Chinaman Released on a Certificate of Reasonable Doubt. Supreme Court Justice Brady signed an order yesterday granting temporary liberty to Mock Duck, the Chinese tong leader, who recently was sentenced to a year in the penitentiary or having in his possession a number of policy slips and other papers connected with the organization.
  • New York Times; July 15, 1912, Monday; Mock Duck Dealer Slain in Bunk. Wounded in Previous Tong Encounter, He Had Been Hidden in 13 Doyers Street. On the steps of 13 Doyers Street several denizens of Chinatown sat last night bewailing the sudden era of reforms which swept over Chinatown after the shooting of "Big Jack" Zelig and caused, as partial result, the prompt closing of Jimmy Kelly's Mandarin Cafe at 1 A.M. on week days and its failure to open at all on Sundays.
  • New York Appellate Division Reports - People v. Duck, 155 App. Div. 900 (1913)
  • New York Times; November 22, 1920; 300 Sightseers See Chinatown Murder. Visitors Crowd Into Pell Street Poolroom Where Assassin Shoots Victim. A herd of mammoth sight-seeing cars lumbered into Chinatown at 8 o'clock last night and disembarked 300 men and women for a ten-minute glimpse of the Far East. They hardly had time to take a note, when a young Chinese dodged among them and entered a poolroom at 12 Pell Street, another young Chinaman after him. Two shots were fired in the poolroom. About forty billiard cues clashed on the floor, as the young Chinese, who had been gathered around ten tables, dashed in a panic for the doors. In about a second the place was empty of pool-shooters and employes. In another second it was filled up with curiosity-seekers, mostly Americans and Italians, and policemen. There was a swarm of policemen on the scene before the smoke had cleared away, because about twenty had been posted by inspector Bolan at former gambling houses in Chinatown which he had closed up in recent weeks. A third set of thrill-seekers came from the Doyers Street Mission, where services had been held in celebration of five years of inter-tong amity in Chinatown and ten years of comparative peace since the big massacre in the very building where they were celebrating. Told Wife He Was Marked for Death. Few Chinese were there, because there had been some nervousness recently over the prospect of the outbreak of a tong war because of reported bad relations between the Hip Sing Tong and the on Leong Tong, in consequence of suspicions that individuals on the two sides had betrayed one another's violations of the law and gambling secrets to the police. The crowd gathered around a dying man on the floor who was recognized by Detective McDonough as one Leong Yung. His wife, a white woman named Josie, broke through the crowd and exclaimed: "He said they would get him. They have been after him for a week." She said that Yung had made up his mind that he was going to be killed and troubled himself no further about the matter. When he went forth from their rooms on the top floor of a four-story building at 12 Pell Street he doubted if he would come back, she said, but he calmly left the matter to be settled by chance and his enemies. She said she watched from the fourth story window until he turned out of sight into Doyers Street, and before she could close the window she heard the shots. As far as the police could learn, he did not tell her why he suspected that a sudden end had been arranged for him. "I think he talked too much," was the explanation several Chinese gave the detectives, but they insisted that they did not know what he had talked about. Victim as Expelled Tong Member. Two things have occurred in Chinatown recently which are important enough to bring out the old tong warriors, according to the police--first, the repeated raids on gambling houses, and, secondly, the interference, which is regarded as entirely unnecessary, with the traffic in gin and other hard liquors. Leong Yung had been in trouble before for telling too much. He used to be a member of the Hip Sing Tong. He wasa accused of trafficking with the police in the secrets of that organization. They held a formal trial in a Mott Street sub-cellar, convicted him, expelled him and cut out several square inches from the Hop Sing records on which his name had been fretted. Yung left town and lived in Jersey for a time after that. He took a chance and came back to New York several weeks ago. Almost immediately the troubles of the gamblers and gin-delaers began. Whether Yung's return was connected with the anti-gambling raids and the gin confiscations or merely a contemporary event, the detectives had no doubt last night that he was shot as a retaliation by those interests. Ordinarily, the police would not fear a tong outbreak from such an incident as the assassination last night, since the hip Sings are not expected to resent the death of an expelled man, but the raids have caused so much anger in Chinatown that more killings would not be surprising. Tong wars are usually caused, according to experts on Chinatown, by the suspicion of one tong that its troubles with the police are due to spying and treachery by the other tong, or by the fact or suspicion of one tong that the other tong's gambling men have become too good friends with the police. Members of both tongs are said to have suffered from Inspector Bolan's raids. The leaders of the Chinese Boy Scouts, a powerful organization in Chinatown, met last night and resolved that they would use all their power to prevent any clashing of tongs. There has not been a real tong outbreak since five years ago, when after repeated murders and revolver battles Mock Duck and Tom Lee, the rival tong leaders, were brought together and a peace treaty signed and celebrated at a big intertong banquet. Leong Yung was one of the Chinese drafted into the army. He got some prominence at the time because he was a victim of the opium habit when he entered Camp Upton, and was cured there and built up into a first-class soldier. The armistice came a day or two before his unit was to be shipped to France. 
  • Brooklyn Daily Eagle; October 19, 1924; Simultaneously there appeared a certain Mock Duck, once an On Leong man, a cherubic, ever-smiling, moon-faced Machiavelli, who looked upon Tom Lee's profits, decided Tom was a wicked man, and said as much to Dr. Parkhurst. By some miracle Mock Duck escaped with his life to become the father of the Hip Sing tong and a rival of the On Leongs for control of the gambling privileges in Chinatown. He used to lisp in explaining the name of the organization, ... "We plospelous union all lite." And he would beam in an irrisistible way of which only your Chinese politician has the secret.
  • The World, December 4, 1924; Out from the East by way of the West came little Mock Duck. He had the fat smile of a Chinese cherub. But there was a desperately impudent glint in his eye which not even Chinese stolidity could film over. He joined Wong Get. He knew by tradition of the threat of Tom Lee to use the white man's meddling as a foil to the devices of his Chinese enemies. ... Mock Duck went about his business methodically. He went before Tom Lee with dogged purpose set in his childlike fat features and stated his case. There was only veneration in his posture and his voice for ther eminence of the goat-whiskered patriarch to whom he made his astounding proposal. Translated, it was not complicated: literally it was Î50-50 or fight." 
  • New York Times; February 29, 1932, Monday; Shooting Revives Mock Duck Legend; Chinese Wounded in Newark Is Believed to Be Tong Leader Who Vanished in 1912. Warred on the On Leongs. He Aided Dr. Parkhurst in Clean-Up of Chinatown, but His Reign Was Broken by Feud.The crack of a pistol and the whine of a bullet in the murky, misty street of Newark's Chinatown last night revived a mystery of twenty long years. It dealt with the passing or the return to life of Mock Duck, an almost legendary tong leader of a generation ago, who combined Oriental wiles with Occidental directness and who disappeared from the New York scene in 1912.
  • Brooklyn Daily Eagle; February 29, 1932; He was a curious mixture of bravery and cowardice. He wore a shirt of chain mail, carried two guns and a hatchet and, although notoriously a poor marksman, earned a reputation for bravery for the utter disregard for his own safety he displayed when squatting on his haunches in the street with both eyes shut and firing at a surrounding circle of On Leongs. ... During the height of Mock Duck's prosperity, agents of the Gerry Society investigated a report that his adopted daughter, Ha Oi, was a white girl. The courts found that she was the daughter of one Lizzie Smith, who had married a Chinese. She was taken away from Mock Duck. The Hip Sing leader was frantic, for he loved the girl tenderly. He carried the case to the appelate division but lost. Then, to drown his sorrow, he began to gamble recklessly as he roamed aimlessly to Chicago and San Francisco and throughout the Middle West. His despair was such that he didn't care whether he won or lost. As usually happens to one in that frame of mind he made large winnings. He came back to New York with diamond studs blazing from his shirt front and $30,000 in his pockets. The old tong guns began to blaze again and hatchets gleamed. He was arrested many times but never convicted until 1912, when he was sent to Sing Sing for operating a policy game. It was when he emerged from prison that he announced he was through with the old life and intended to become a respectable citizen of Brooklyn.