Litigation Support - Personal Injury Cases
BIOMECHANICS, BIOMEDICAL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND MEDICINE
Dr. Richard Collins, Ph.D., M.Sc., B.Sc.
Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering Consultant
440 Monmouth Drive, Cranberry Township, PA 16066-5756 (U.S.A.)
(Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area)
Tel/fax: 1 (724) 742-0414
Technical Support in Litigation
Demonstrated accuracy in research and scientific analysis in mechanical and biomedical engineering and regulatory assessments. Former university professor of Biomedical & Human Factors Engineering; Former Professor of Medicine; and Former Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering.
Areas of Specialization
¨ Qualified as an expert witness in civil and criminal courts.
¨ Internationally recognized engineering and medical expertise.
¨ Wrongful death, medical and dental malpractice; medical device/product liability
¨ Injury biomechanics in automotive crashes, aircraft crashes, elevator failures, sports impacts and slips and falls.
¨ Head Injury cases due to motorcycle, bicycle collisions, along with protective helmet liability issues.
¨ Accident reconstruction and failure analysis for litigation involving personal injury and trauma
¨ Analyses involving motor vehicle accidents, automotive, train and aircraft accident and injury analysis and traffic safety, forklift turnovers, elevator free-falls, slips, trips and falls; sports injuries, product liability in industrial, sports, recreational and safety equipment; sports and industrial injuries, ergonomics and repetitive stress syndromes;
¨ Extensively published in the peer-reviewed national and international literature.
Expertise includes analyses of vehicular, industrial, recreational, commercial, and sports-related injuries in addition to the evaluation of protective devices and safety systems, such as seat belts and helmets. Services may include:
¨ Summary and analysis of accident reports, witness statements, depositions, damage reports, scene photographs, etc.
¨ Inspection and analysis of vehicles; machinery; objects associated with an injury and the injury environment; and to identify injury causation and injury prevention factors.
¨ Protective devices evaluation (seat belts, air bags, clothing, guards, helmets) to identify injury causation factors.
¨ Evaluation of workplace hazards and equipment, to identify injury causation factors.
¨ Computer analyses including animation and simulation in both demonstrative and analytic formats.
¨ Search and retrieval of relevant literature from medical and engineering databases.
¨ Re-enactment of human kinematics or injury scenarios on-site or in laboratory setting
¨ Preparation for deposition, arbitration, mediation, or trial.
¨ Preparation of court exhibits (photographs, charts, graphs, anatomic models, animation, and literature summaries).
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering/Aeronautical Sciences, 1966
University of California, Berkeley, California
M.Sc. Aeronautical and Aerospace Engineering, 1961
University of Toronto, Institute of Aerospace Studies, Toronto, Canada
B.Sc. Engineering Physics, 1959
University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Invited Scientific Reviewer:
NSF (National Science Foundation) SBIR/STTR grant proposal reviewer, Panel Participant
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Applied Mechanics Reviews
Canadian Heart Foundation Applications
Mathematical and Computer Modeling - An International Journal
International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Cooperative Grants Program of the U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation
for the Independent States of the Former Soviet Union
National Medical Research Council (NMRC) Singapore
- He served as co-director of Department of Transportation programs for the study of motor vehicle trauma, which was a joint activity of the School of Engineering and School of Medicine. In this role, he organized multi-disciplinary research efforts involving a large group of faculty from both schools.
- Member, Editorial Board: Applied Microgravity Technology
- Associate Editor: Annales Françaises de Chronométrie et Microtechnique
- Scientific Committee: International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM)
- Executive Board Program Committee: SAFE Wright Brothers Chapter
Professional Experience (Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering)
2004 – 2009: Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Graduate Faculty Advisor, Department of
Mechanical Engineering, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
2002 – Present: Biomechanics International. – Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Senior Forensic Consultant, Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
2001 – 2002: Senior Associate in Injury Causation Analysis and Litigation Support, Forensic Biomechanics
2000 – 2001: Research Professor of Physics and Mathematics - Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio
1995 – 1998: Research Professor of Biomedical and Human Factors Engineering - Wright State University,
College of Engineering and Computer Science, Dayton, Ohio
1996 – 1997: Senior Consultant, US Air Force Armstrong Laboratory (Human Systems Division),
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, Ohio
1994 – 1995: Principal Scientist, US Air Force Armstrong Laboratory - Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, OH
1989 – 1994: President, Biodynamics International - Halifax, Canada
1985 – 1989: A. D. Foulis Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Professor of Mechanical Engineering
University of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Canada
1985: Senior Scientist, Stanford Research International - Menlo Park, California
1983 – 1985: Senior Physicist, Physics International Company - San Leandro, California
1980 – 1982: Professor of Medicine, University of Besançon – France
1979 – 1982: Professor of Physics, Chemistry and Automation, University of Toulouse III – France
1975 – 1978: Professor of Biological and Medical Engineering, University of Compiègne - France
Director of Graduate Programs in Biomedical Engineering, University of Compiègne – France
1976 – 1977: Consultant, Société Nationale des Poudres et Explosifs – France
1972 – 1975: Associate Professor of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, University of Paris VI &VII,
Paris, France and Researcher at INSERM (National Institute of Medical Research)
1972 – 1974: Senior Research Engineer, Géonuclear El Paso - Geneva, Switzerland
1966 – 1975: Assistant Professor of Applied Mechanics & Structures - University of California
Co-director of graduate programs
1969 – 1972: Senior Researcher, Rand Corporation - Santa Monica, California
1967 – 1970: Consultant, Geophysical Technology Corp., Pasadena, California
Areas of Specialization
1. Blast waves and Explosions - Published research studies in gas dynamics
¨ Shock Physics: Development and implementation of experimental programs for generating cylindrical explosions by strong electrical discharge into stoichiometric mixtures of hydrogen and oxygen. High speed rotating drum and multi-spark Schlieren photography. Analysis of results within a framework of wave propagation theory.
¨ Nuclear Explosions at the Ocean Surface: Theoretical analysis of shock wave propagation with special attention to the air-water interface.
¨ Shock Wave Propagation of arbitrary strength into regions of non-uniform density separated by a free surface - Analytical and numerical techniques based on the method of characteristics.
¨ Breakup of liquid droplets released into high-speed gas flows (2 to 5 km/sec) - analysis subsequently corroborated by
¨ Fluid-Shell Interactions: Theoretical analysis of the dynamic response of a submerged structure to underwater explosions - numerical computations of diffracted shock wave patterns and structural loading.
2. Biomedical phenomena:
· physiological fluid dynamics, cardiovascular and pulmonary hemodynamics, uptake of volatile toxicant vapors by the respiratory tract and the skin, blood flow transport to the brain and eyes;
· Biomedical instrumentation, mathematical modeling and numerical computer-based predictions of physiological response to a wide variety of underlying complex physiological mechanisms;
· Physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling and rheology of biological tissues;
· Flow dynamics in collapsible vessels, lubrication of articular joints, macromolecular transport in the arterial wall, fluid dynamics of the eye, and cardiac mechanics; and
· Particle deposition in the pulmonary airways, subcutaneous circulation, cardiovascular response to G-stress in both microgravity (space environment) and hypergravity (aviation physiology).
· design of controlled-release drug delivery using implantable polymeric drug-impregnated monoliths programmed to release drug in therapeutic dose-time protocols by polymeric erosion or global timed biodegradation
Published Research Studies in Biomechanics:
¨ Biomechanics of joint lubrication: modification of cartilage permeability and consequently, deformation and fluid transport, across the articular surfaces; determination of rheological properties of synovial fluid; development of new mathematical models for computing the criteria for formation and maintenance of a monomolecular inter-articular mucin film.
¨ Pulmonary circulation: developed first analytical model to demonstrate that variations in flow and pressure transmission as a function of frequency depend critically upon the capacity of the pulmonary vessels to collapse and re-open, and much less upon radial expansion of already patent vessels.
¨ Fluid flow in collapsible tubes: theoretical study of the fluid-wall interaction and mechanism of vessel opening and closing; application to controlled collapse of the veins, and to nonstationary flow phenomena occurring in coronary and pulmonary blood vessels.
¨ Cardiac mechanics: theoretical and clinical evaluation of myocardial contractility on the basis of left ventricular regional ejection dynamics using wall markers and cinéangiography.
¨ Respiratory mechanics: development of an original computational model for periodic flow in the airways of the complete human lung and evaluation of regional particle deposition using radioisotopes as tracers.
¨ Development of an artificial cartilage: embedded fixed electrical charges in a cross-linked polymer matrix to simulate the natural osmotic swelling pressure.
¨ Cardiovascular response to G-stress in microgravity (space) and hypergravity (aerial combat) with autonomic nervous system involvement.
¨ Biodynamics of the eye: characterization of the material properties of the ocular tissues (corneo-scleral envelope, aqueous humor) and the role of relaxation coefficients in the autoregulation of intraocular pressure with consequences for glaucoma.
¨ Uptake of volatile vapors by inhalation: construction of a mathematical model for the estimation of the uptake by the pulmonary airflow of volatile (toxic) vapors in the lower respiratory tract. Account taken of the lipophilicity of the chemicals and their concentrations at the alveolar level. Solutions computed for a variety of breathing and cardiac cycles. Of particular interest are short-term exposures to acutely toxic vapors.
¨ Dermal absorption of volatile vapors: computational model for the solution of the diffusion equation for a highly anisotropic lipid bilayer medium. Particular account taken of the variation in path length and permeability coefficients in the estimation of the penetration of toxic chemicals into and out of the skin, with eventual uptake of the chemical by the venous circulation draining from the skin into the systemic circulation.
¨ Controlled release drug delivery from implanted ceramic and polymeric capsules:
Mathematical modeling and computer simulations can be very effective in improving and optimizing the performance of the self-regulating release of therapeutic drugs into specific regions of the body. development of a reliable computational design tool for predicting the resulting pharmacokinetic dose distributions as a function of time and space. Of primary importance in such models are the time-varying effective permeability of the capsule to the various molecules composing the drug, the effective solubility and diffusion coefficients of the drug and its metabolites in the surrounding tissues and fluids and the uptake of the drug at the target organ.
¨ Forensic Biomechanics: analysis of trauma-related failures of: a) soft tissues: ligament, tendon, muscle, cervical and thoracolumbar spine, and articulations such as the knee, hip and shoulder joints; b) hard tissues: skull fractures, closed head injuries; and c) medical device failure analysis.
Current and Past Affiliations
¨ American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) - U.S.A.
¨ Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) - U.S.A.
¨ Biological Engineering Society - U.K.
¨ Société de Biomécanique - France
¨ American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE) - U.S.A.
¨ American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) - U.S.A.
¨ Association for the Advancement of Modeling & Simulation Techniques in Enterprises - France
¨ American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) - U.S.A.
¨ Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society (CMBES) - Canada
¨ European Society of Biomechanics - Netherlands
¨ Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute (CASI) - Canada
¨ Canadian Society of Aviation Medicine (CSAM) - Canada
¨ Canadian Applied Mathematics Society - Canada
¨ Aerospace Medical Association/Life Sciences & Biomedical Engineering Branch (LSBEB) – U.S.A.
¨ The Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE)
Honors – Cited in:
¨ International Who's Who of Contemporary Achievement – 1984
¨ Who's Who in the World, Sixth Edition - 1982-1983
¨ Men of Achievement, Ninth Edition - 1982
¨ Who's Who in the World, Fifth Edition - 1980-1981
¨ Who's Who in Western Europe - 1978-1979
¨ NATO-AGARD Scientific Consultant (Europe) - 1972-1973
¨ American Men of Science - 1969
1960 – 2009: Dr. Collins has had published 120 international scientific journal publications and reports.
(Detailed publication and reports listing shall be provided upon request.)
1967 – 2009: Dr. Collins has contributed over 200 technical presentations in the following 38 countries:
Armenia, Austria, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brunei, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Holland, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Norway, Poland, Russia., Scotland, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Trinidad, Turkey, Ukraine, United States, Venezuela
(Detailed presentations and publications listing shall be provided upon request.)
¨ Birthplace: Toronto, Canada
¨ Citizenship - United States of America
Available nationwide and internationally for presentations, consultations and qualified expert witness case assignments.
A fully detailed Curriculum Vitae containing publications and presentations is available at:
English, French, German, Russian and related languages. Extensive international experience