I am Head, Agronomy and Agricultural Machinery at INRA-Morocco. Prior to this I was Regional Centre for Agronomic Research of Meknes, Head, Department of Environment and Natural Resources of INRA-Morocco, Head of Agronomy and Plant physiology Research Unit in Meknes, Regional Center of INRA-Morocco, and researcher in the same Centre from September 1992 to September 2007. I received my Ph.D. degree in environmental sciences from Liege University (Belgium) and my Diploma of Agronomy Engineer from Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine (Morocco). I am specialized in crop forecasting and monitoring and, in climate change impacts on agriculture. I coordinated many international and national research projects in the field of climate change, crop forecasting and conservation agriculture. I have been awarded the medal of merit from FAO during World Food Day, October 2008. I am associated researcher at the Royal Institute for Strategic Studies and member of the Moroccan Association of Agro-economy and the International Society for Agricultural Meteorology.

Coordination of projects


Ph. D.

Liège University, Arlon-Belgium, 2006. Wheat grain yield forecasting models for food security in Morocco (Ph.D. in environmental sciences).

M. Sc.

Fondation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise, Arlon-Belgium, 2000. Soil water monitoring for wheat in a semi arid area of Morocco:  Calibration and use of the "SOIL" model. (Diploma in environmental sciences)Mémoire DEA

M. Sc.

Hassan II Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary medicine, Rabat-Morocco, 1991. Scientific information transfer models to users. Case of the cereal intensification in Abda-Ahmar (Morocco). (Diploma of agronomy engineer).


  • R. Hadria, T. Benabdelouahab, H. Mahyou, R. Balaghi, L. Bydekerke, T. El Hairech & P. Ceccato (2018) Relationships between the three components of air temperature and remotely sensed land surface temperature of agricultural areas in Morocco, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 39:2, 356-373, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2017.1385108
  • Riad Balaghi, Tarik El Hairech, Meriem Alaouri, Soundouce Motaouakil, Tarik Benabdelouahab, Fouad Mounir, Mouanis Lahlou, Redouane Arrach, Mustapha Abderrafik, Renaud Colmant, Mauro Evangelisti, Ate Poortinga, Onno Kuik, François Delobel, René Gommes, Michele Bernardi, Oscar Rojas, Migena Cumani, Jose Manuel Gutierrez, Dirk Raes, Patricia Mejìas Moreno, Arjen Vrielink, Frederic Reynes, Philip Ward, Philippe Grosjean, Daniel San Martin, Patricia Mejias, Simone Targetti, Hideki Kanamaru, Laila Triki, Mohamed Badraoui. 2016. INRA(Morocco) - FAO final report on "Climate change impact assessment using MOSAICC in Morocco". MOSAICC project. Download document
  • Benabdelouahab, T., Balaghi, R., Hadria, R., Lionboui, H., Tychon, B., 2016. Assessment of vegetation water content in wheat using near and shortwave infrared SPOT5 data in an irrigated area. Revue des Sciences de l’Eau. Revue des Sciences de l'Eau. Volume 29, numéro 2. pp. 97-107. DOI : 10.7202/1036542ar.
  • Tarik Benabdelouahab, Riad Balaghi, Rachid Hadria, Hayat Lionboui, Bakary Djaby and Bernard Tychon., 2016. Testing AquaCrop to simulate Durum wheat yield and schedule irrigation in semi-arid irrigated perimeter in Morocco. Irrig. and Drain. DOI: 10.1002/ird.1977.
  • Meroni, M.; Fasbender, D.; Balaghi, R.; Dali, M.; Haffani, M.; Haythem, I.; Hooker, J.; Lahlou, M.; Lopez-Lozano, R.; Mahyou, H.; Ben Moussa, M.; Sghaier, N.;Wafa, T.; Leo, O., 2016. Evaluating NDVI Data Continuity Between SPOT-VEGETATION and PROBA-V Missions for Operational Yield Forecasting in North African Countries. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 54, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2016.
  • Hamid Mahyou, Bernard Tychon, Riad Balaghi, Mounir Louhaichi and Jamal Mimouni. 2016. A knowledge-based approach for mapping land degradation in the arid rangelands of North Africa. Land Degradation & Development. DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2470.
  • Tarik Benabdelouahab, Riad Balaghi, Rachid Hadria, Hayat Lionboui, Julien Minet & Bernard Tychon (2015) Monitoring surface water content using visible and short-wave infrared SPOT-5 data of wheat plots in irrigated semi-arid regions, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 36:15, 4018-4036, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2015.1072650
  • Balaghi, R., 2014. Évaluation de la productivité de l’eau en agricultures pluviales et irriguées au Maroc. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Roma. 46 p.
  • Balaghi, R., El Hairech, T., Lahlou, M., Arrach, R., 2014. Projet « Adaptation au Changement Climatique de l'Agriculture du Maghreb ». Dispositif d’acquisition des données des modèles de gestion efficace des risques climatiques. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Rabat, Maroc. 57p.
    • Bregaglio, S., Frasso, N., Pagani, V., Stella, T., Francone, C., Cappelli, G., Acutis, M., Balaghi, R., Ouabbou, H., Paleari, L., Confalonieri, R., 2014. New multi-model approach gives good estimations of wheat yield under semi-arid climate in Morocco. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Volume 35, Issue 1 (2015), Pp. 157-167. DOI 10.1007/s13593-014-0225-6.
      • Birouk, A., Balaghi, R., Bajeddi, M., 2014. Les cultures transgéniques : quel potentiel de développement au Maroc à l’aune des défis futurs en matière de sécurité alimentaire ? Institut Royal des Etudes Stratégiques. Morocco. Synthetic report can be downloaded at:
        • Balaghi, R., Jlibene, M., Tychon, B., Eerens, H., 2013. Agrometeorological Cereal Yield Forecasting in Morocco. INRA, Morocco. 157p. ISBN: 978 - 9954 - 0 - 6683 - 6.
        • De Wit, A., Hoek, S., Balaghi, R., El Hairech, T., Dong, Q., 2013.  Building an operational system for crop monitoring and yield forecasting in Morocco. In: Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Agro-Geoinformatics: Information for Sustainable Agriculture, 12-16 August 2013, Fairfax, VA, USA. p. 466 – 469.
          • Jarlan, L., Abaoui,  J., Duchemin,  B., Ouldbba,  A., Tourre,  Y. M.,  Khabba,  S., Le Page,  M., Balaghi,  R., Mokssit,  A., Chehbouni,  G., 2013.  Linkages between common wheat yields and climate in Morocco (1982-2008).  Int J Biometeorol.  DOI:
            • Confalonieri, R., Bregaglio, S., Cappelli, G., Francone, C., Carpani, M., Acutis, M., El Aydam, M., Niemeyer, S., Balaghi, R., Dong, Q., 2012. Wheat modelling in Morocco unexpectedly reveals predominance of photosynthesis versus leaf area expansion plant traits. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 33, 393-403.
            • Dahan, R., Bouglala, M., Mrabet, R., Laamari, A., Balaghi, R. and Lajouad, L. (2012): A review of Available Knowledge on land Degradation in Morocco. In: ICARDA (eds). Morocco. OASIS Contry, Report 2, 38p. ISBN: 92-9127-265-5.


            Balaghi, R., Jlibene, M., Tychon, B., Eerens, H., 2013. Agrometeorological Cereal Yield Forecasting in Morocco. INRA, Morocco. 157p. ISBN: 978 - 9954 - 0 - 6683 - 6. 
   (English version) 
   (French version)

            Book chapters

            Gommes R., Balaghi R.Haripada D., Mariani L., Challinor A., Tychon B., Dawod M.A.A. 2010. Chapter 6: Agrometeorological forecasting. Guide To Agricultural Meteorological Practices n°134, Geneva, Switzerland, World Meteorological Organization. Pp. 214-262. Download

            Kijne Jacob W. 2003. Unlocking the Water Potential of Agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome. 62p.


            Balaghi R., 2016. Agro-climatic information in support of agriculture in Morocco. Role and importance of climate and agroclimate information in the decision making process in the context of climate change. Side event, Green zone, COP22, Marrakech, 17 November 2016.

            Agro-climatic information in support of agriculture in Morocco_INRA-DMN_side event_Riad Balaghi.odp

            Balaghi, R., 2016. The Modelling System for Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change (MOSAICC). Side event, Blue zone, COP22, Marrakech 8 November 2016.

            MOSAICC_MOROCCO_COP22_Riad Balaghi.odp

            Balaghi, R., 2016. Agriculture et Changement Climatique. Colloque International Climat Agriculture et Sécurité Alimentaire. Institut des Relations Internationales et Stratégiques. Paris, 3 novembre 2016.

            AGRICULTURE ET CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE_IRIS_Riad Balaghi_03-11-2016.odp

            Balaghi, R.
            , 2016. Cartes d’aptitude des terres à l’agriculture. Atelier sur la présentation des résultats de la Carte de Vulnérabilité et Adaptation des petits agriculteurs au changement climatique dans les régions concernées par les programmes d’appui au Plan Maroc Vert financés par le FIDA. 18 octobre 2016. Rabat. Morocco.

            Carte aptitude des terres_ADA_FIDA_Riad Balaghi.odp

            Balaghi, R., 2016. Climate information and services to support agriculture. Workshop on the role of climate information and services in support of decision making in the context of climate change & Regional consultations on climate services in the arab region. 4-6 October 2016, Casablanca, Morocco.

            Climate information and services to support agriculture_Riad Balaghi.odp

            Balaghi, R., 2016. Metrics for measuring adaptation of agriculture to climate change. Metrics of adaptation conference measuring adaptation for concrete action. September 27th 2016, Skhirat, Morocco.

            Présentation Metrique Adaptation 27 septembre 2016.odp

            Balaghi, R., 2016.
            Impact du changement climatique et adaptation dans les montagnes d’Afrique du nord. Rencontre internationale: Quel avenir aux montagnes d’Afrique du Nord face au changement climatique ? Fès-Maroc, le 20 février 2016.

            Changement climatique et Montagne Afrique du Nord_Balaghi.pptx

            Balaghi, R., 2016. Agriculture et changement climatique au Maroc. Rabat-Maroc, le 26 février 2016.

            Impact du changement climatique au Maroc_Balaghi.pptx

            Balaghi, R., 2015. Seasonal forecasts needs for early warning and crop forecasting in Morocco. 9ème Forum Régional de Prévisions Saisonnières en Afrique du Nord. Marrakech, 26 novembre 2015 .

            Presa-nor_Riad BALAGHI_30 November 2015.odp

            Balaghi, R., 2015. La carte de fertilité des sols cultives au Maroc. 3rd Edition “ SYMPHOS 2015 ”. Marrakech (Morocco). May 19, 2015.

            Présentation Carte Fertilité Symphos 19 mai 2015.odp

            Balaghi, R., 2015. Greenhouse gases mitigation strategy study in the framework of the Green Moroccan Plan. Low Emission Capacity Building Programme. Project LECB – PI 00078560. Direction des Etudes, de la Planification et de la Prospective. Programme de Renforcement de capacités sur les faibles émissions au Maroc. Africa Carbon Forum 2015. Marrakech, 13-15 April 2015.

            Présentation Africa Carbon Forum Marrakech April 2015.pptx

            Balaghi, R., 2014. The Green Moroccan Plan: A Challenge strategy for a Green Economic Growth. The bioeconomy: A challenge for the development in the South and in the Mediterranean. Matera and Metaponto, Italy, 16-17/12/2014.

            The Green Moroccan Plan A Challenge strategy for a Green Economic Growth.pps

            Balaghi, R., 2014. CGMS-MAROC: General presentation and its institutional framework. Conference on Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting in North African and Southern Mediterranean countries - Rabat, Morocco 19-21/11/2014.

            Balaghi, R., 2014. The Crop monitoring and yield forecasting system of Morocco CGMS-MAROC. Crop Monitoring As an E-agricultural Tool For Developing Countries - Dissemination Event on: The Operational Crop Monitoring and Forecasting in Morocco. E-AGRI project Dissemination Event. March 26th 2014, Rabat, Morocco.

            Balaghi, R. 2013Panel sur les changements climatiques : Problématique des changements climatiques et amélioration de la productivité au Maroc; Quelle gouvernance ? Direction Régionale de l'Agriculture du Gharb – Chrarda – Beni Hssen, Kénitra, le 12 décembre 2013.

            Balaghi, R. 2013La prédiction agrométéorologique des rendements céréaliers au Maroc. Académie Hassan II des Sciences et Techniques. Actes de la session plénière solennelle. Année 2013.

            Balaghi, R. et Badraoui, M., 2012. L’adaptation de l'agriculture marocaine au changement climatique. Conférence « Environnement et Changement Climatique au Maroc ». Fondation Konrad Adenauer ( Tanger: 12-13 mai 2012. 

            Balaghi, R. 2010. Technologies for agricultural water management - Morocco. IT'S DOWN 2 EARTH. Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change, 31 October – 5 November 2010. World Forum - The Hague, The Netherlands.


            Balaghi, R., 2010. Climate change and the integration of the environmental challenges within the "Green Morocco Plan". Consultation meeting on “the impacts of climate change on water resources, drought and population mobility”. Republic of Syria, on 15-16 of September 2010.

            Badraoui M., Dahan R., Balaghi R., 2009. Acquis de l’INRA en matière de recherche scientifique et technologique pour l’amélioration de la production agricole au Maroc. Les leçons de la crise alimentaire mondiale : stratégies agro-alimentaires et contribution de la recherche scientifique. Bulletin d’Information de l’Académie Hassan II des Sciences et Techniques n°5, juin 2009.

            Balaghi, R., Badjeck M-C, Bakari D., De Pauw E., De Wit A., Defourny P., Donato S., Gommes R., Jlibene M., Ravelo A.C., Sivakumar M.V.K., Telahigue N., Tychon B.. Managing climatic risks for enhanced food security : Key information capabilities. World Climate Conference 3. Geneva, Switzerland, 31 August–4 September 2009.

            Balaghi, R., & Gommes, R., 2009. Climate change impacts on agriculture: Challenge for food security and new opportunities. World Grain Forum. St Petersburg, Russia, 6 – 7 June 2009.

            Balaghi, R., 2009. Workshop on Adaptation of crop production to climate change in Vietnam, Hanoi, Vietnam, 9 December 2009.

            Balaghi, R., & Benaouda, H., 2009. Conférence Nationale : « Les changements climatiques au Maroc : défis et opportunités ». Changements climatiques et agriculture au Maroc: impacts et incertitudes. Rabat, 11-12 février 2009. Centre d’Accueil et de Conférence CAC-Hay Riad.

            Gommes, R., & Balaghi, R., 2008. Changements climatiques et agriculture au Maroc: impacts et incertitudes. Journée Mondiale de l’Alimentation 2008. La sécurité alimentaire mondiale: les défis des bioénergies et du changement climatique. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Roma, Italy.


            Balaghi, R., 2007. Morocco system. Training on Crop Growth Monitoring System. (Ispra, 5th - 7th December 2007).

            Balaghi, R., 2007. Utilisation de la télédétection dans les statistiques agricoles. Direction de la Programmation et des Affaires Economiques, Rabat, Le 31 mai 2007.

            Balaghi, R., Tychon, B., Eerens, H., Jlibene, M. 2006. Crop yield forecast with NOAA and SPOT-VEGETATION data in Morocco. ISPRS Archives XXXVI-8/W48 Workshop proceedings: Remote sensing support to crop yield forecast and area estimates.

            Balaghi, R., Tychon, B., Eerens, H., Jlibene, M. 2006. Empirical regression models using NDVI, rainfall and temperature data for the early prediction of wheat grain yields in Morocco. III CGMS Experts Meeting and GEOLAND Training Workshop (Arlon, 23th October - 25th October 2006).

            Jlibene, M., & Balaghi, R., 2006. La pluviométrie est un facteur simple et pratique de prédiction du rendement provincial et national du blé au Maroc. Journées Nationales sur l’Environnement et Développement Durable. Octobre 2006, Université Moulay Ismaïl, Meknès.

            Balaghi, R. & Jlibene, M., 2006. Efficience d’utilisation de l’eau en agriculture. Journées Nationales sur l’Environnement et Développement Durable. Université Moulay Ismaïl, 28 octobre 2006, Meknès.

            Balaghi, R., Jlibene, M., 2006. Efficience de l’utilisation de l’eau en agriculture au Maroc. 4èmes Journées Universitaires du Printemps organisées par l’Association des Enseignants des Sciences de la Vie et de la Terre au Maroc sous le thème "L’eau : Défi éternel". Meknès du 7 au 11 avril 2006.

            Balaghi, R. & Jlibene, M., 2005. Une base de données digitalisée sur les ressources naturelles au Maroc. In: Indicateurs agro-environnementaux, I.A.V. Hassan II, Rabat.

            Balaghi, R., El Mourid, M., Jlibene, M., 1994. Evaluation of "Simulation Model for Triticum Aestivum Genotypes" through the simulation of potential yield for Meknès, Douyet and Annoceur. In. Workshop Agro-ecological characterization. ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria, 19-22 April 1994.


            Balaghi R., Fadlaoui A., Jlibene M. 2005. Defining the spatial extent of the agricultural regions. Development of an Integrated Natural Resources Management Framework for Durable Agriculture in Central Morocco (INRM). INRA, Rabat. 35p.

            Fadlaoui A., Essahat A., Balaghi R., Jlibene M., Mrabet R. 2005. Identification des besoins, limites, perceptions, attitudes et comportements des agriculteurs à l’égard du système Non-labour à Meknès. Rapport de synthèse. Development of an Integrated Natural Resources Management Framework for Durable Agriculture in Central Morocco (INRM). INRA, Rabat. 19p.

            Balaghi R., Dekkaki M., El Asri M., Mrabet R., Saffour K. 2005. La Wilaya de Meknès : Support de choix pour le programme «Atténuation des effets de la sécheresse». INRA, Meknès. 7p.

            El Oumri M., Osghiri A., Moatamid Z., Moussadek R., Göbel W., Benaouda H., Mahyou H., Balaghi R. 2004. Use of Agro-ecological characterization, GIS, and Remote sensing tools for integrated natural resources management in Morocco. INRA/ICARDA Annual report 2003-2004.

            Balaghi R. 2003. Une vision pour la gestion du risque de sécheresse en agrométéorologie. Mémoire pour le concours d'Ingénieur en Chef. INRA. Rabat. 43p.

            Benaouda H., Balaghi R., El Ouali A. 2001. Caractérisation agro climatique du couloir Taourirt Taforalt. Projet de développement rural intégré de Taourirt - Taforalt INRA/DPA d’Oujda.

            Balaghi R. 1992. Etude du climat et évaluation des potentialités de production du blé tendre à Meknès, Douyet et Annoceur. Mémoire de titularisation. INRA, Meknès.


            • Moroccan Association of Agro-economy (AMAECO)
            • Associated researcher at the Royal Institute for Strategic Studies (
            • International Society for Agricultural Meteorology (
            • Membre of the scientific committe of the COP22

            Educational Website

            Decision Support System for Agriculture (SAADA)

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