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Q1. Can you save a file created in Revit Architecture 2012 to an earlier version and open it in that earlier version?
A1. No! Revit has no means of saving its project file from any release back to early releases. So Revit Architecture 2012 cannot be saved back or opened by Revit Architecture 2011, or earlier. There is simply no backward compatibility. This is because as Revit building elements and components are enhanced with new features and new commands that allow improvements in Revit elements and components linking and constraint relationships there is no way to support it in a prior release that did not support the same parametric relationships. That is why it is critical for Revit users to be on subscription and maintain the latest release or make sure that any work they do and any consultants involved using Revit MEP or Revit Structure must be using the same release.
Q2. How do you export a Revit drawing to AutoCAD?
Q3. How do you import an AutoCAD plan or elevation drawing into Revit?
1. If you are using Architectural Desktop or AutoCAD Architecture 2009 or 2010, set the variable "proxygraphics" to 1 (it is 0 by default). To do this, simply type proxygraphics at the Command: line and then 1. This will allow walls, doors and windows in plan to be imported.
2. I recommend freezing all layers which contain notes and dimensions. These do not translate well into Revit and it is easier to redo them in Revit itself.
The AutoCAD drawing comes in to Revit as a 2D drawing even if it is 3D in AutoCAD, so you will need to retrace walls in Revit and insert doors and windows into the Revit drawing after importing. The drawing comes in as a "block" in Revit, so if you want to move anything in the imported AutoCAD drawing in Revit you have to explode the AutoCAD imported drawing. To do this, select the AutoCAD imported drawing after importing it, right click and then select "Partial Explode." "Full Explode" is not necessary unless you want all the AutoCAD blocks and Xrefs to be exploded as well. It is a mess. Because it is a mess, I recommend that you only use the imported AutoCAD drawing as a guide to trace over into Revit. Better yet, instead of importing an AutoCAD drawing and tracing over it, Link it in and then get rid of the link later. To Link an AutoCAD drawing, click the Insert tab, select the "Link CAD" icon, then browse for the file to link. Later, after you are done tracing it, you can remove the link by selecting "Manage Links" under the Insert tab. In the "Manage Links" dialogue box that appears, click on the file you want to remove and select the "Remove" button.
Q4. How can you bring AutoCAD details into a Revit drawing?
You can import any .DWG, .DXF, .DGN (Microstation), ACIS .SAT, or .SKP (Sketchup) files. Navigate to where the file is stored and select it. You can put as many drawings on the Drafting View as you want, however, each Drafting View will only get one label on the sheet you place it on. To get the detail onto a sheet, open a sheet and drag the drafting view onto it.
The list of Drafting Views will show up in the Browser after Sections.
Each Drafting View is given a detail number automatically by Revit.
Although this tutorial was written for Revit 2008, the principles are the same for 2010.
Q5. How do you create a drawing index?
1. Click View (pulldown) menu > New > Drawing List.
2. Select the Fields to appear in the drawing list. Some typical fields include Sheet Number, Sheet Name, Checked By, Drawn By, and Sheet Issue Date.
3. To create user-defined fields, click Add Parameter.
4. Specify the Fields, Filter, Sorting/Grouping, Formatting, and Appearance options within each tab.
5. Click OK.
6. Drag the drawing List onto a sheet.
Q6. How do you hide and unhide objects in Revit?
Method No. 1: To hide an object "temporarily" (until you print or close the drawing) left click the object to select it and select the “Temporary Hide/Isolate” icon in the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen (the one that looks like sun glasses), then select “Hide Element.”
To unhide an object that has been "temporarily" hidden: Select the “Temporary Hide/Isolate” icon in the view control bar at the bottom of the screen, then select “Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.” Note that this will work as long as the temporary Hide/Isolate has not been made permanent (that is, there is a blue line around the view and the “Temporary Hide/Isolate” icon is blue). If it is not, then you will have to use the method in step one above.
Method No. 2: To hide an object "permanently" (until you unhide it) in one view only click on the object to be hidden - it will turn it red. If you want to hide all objects of the same type, such as all of the same design of walls or doors or windows), right click and select "Select All Instances." Right click again and select "Hide in View>" "Elements." Or you may also select "Category" instead of "Elements" if you mean to hide all walls, doors, or windows, for example.
To unhide an object that has been "permanently" hidden click on the “Reveal Hidden Elements” light bulb in the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen; change the “Model Graphics Style” in the view control bar at the bottom of the screen to “Wireframe” (because another element might be covering and hiding the hidden element); any and all hidden elements will appear as colored lines; right click the element to be “unhidden;” select “Unhide in view” and “”Elements;” turn the light bulb in the view control bar off by clicking on it.
Method No. 3: To hide all objects of the same type (such as walls, doors or beams) "permanently" (until you unhide them) use the “Visibility/Graphics override” (type VV or VG) and uncheck the "Walls" or "Doors" or “Framing” box. Note that when you use this method to hide elements, you cannot use the “Reveal Hidden Elements” light bulb in the view control bar at the bottom of the screen to turn them back on. You will have to go back to VV and check the box to turn the category of elements on.
Q7. How can you make beams and bar joists be visible in Reflected Ceiling Plan?
Q8. How can you make structural elements (beams and bar joists) visible in a floor or roof plan view?
Q9. How can you borrow a Titleblock sheet to use in a new drawing from another drawing you have?
Q10. How can you apply a gravel hatch pattern to areas of gravel (such as subfill material under a slab on grade), if Revit does not have it?
To quickly load an AutoCAD hatch pattern into Revit
1. In AutoCAD, draw a rectangle or a circle.
2. Hatch the rectangle with the hatch pattern you want to load into Revit, and then adjust the scale accordingly.
3. Save the drawing.
4. Import the drawing into Revit.
5. Explode the drawing.
The hatch pattern should now be listed in your fill patterns.
You can import AutoCAD hatch patterns. Select the "Settings" pull-down menu, then "Fill Patterns" then "New." This will bring up the "New Pattern" dialogue box. Select the "Custom" radio button. Under Name, type in Gravel. Under the custom area, select the "Import" button. This will allow you to open the AutoCAD hatch pattern file. To find this file, navigate to My Computer, Local Disk C:, Documents and Settings, AT150, Application Data, Autodesk, Autocad2008, enu, Support. The acad.pat file will be found there. Double click it. Scroll down the list of patterns that appears, you will find "Gravel" in this list. Select it. Set the Import scale to 0.05. Click OK, then OK again. Now Gravel hatch will be available for you to use in your drawing. If you want to make this permanent so you do not have to do it again in a future drawing, save the drawing as a Template file. To use the gravel pattern, right-click on the element you want to apply the pattern to. Click Element Properties. Click Edit/New to bring up the Type Properties dialogue box. Under the Construction heading select the Edit button to the right of "Structure." Click on the material in the dialogue box that appears. Click on any material, and click the "Duplicate" button. Give the material a name, such as "Gravel." Click OK. Click the button to the right of the "Cut Pattern" (the so-called "dot . dot . dot . " or ellipsis button). This will bring up the familiar "Fill Patterns" dialogue box. Select the gravel pattern that you just created from there. Click OK, OK, OK, OK, OK. Now you should see the new gravel pattern in your material. If you do not, you have the "Detail Level: in the view control bar at the bottom of the drawing window set to Coarse. Change it to Fine.
Q11. How can you change a solid (continuous) line to a dashed line?
1. In the view in which you want an object changed to dashed lines type VV. This will bring up the "Visibility/Graphics Overrides" dialogue box. The column on the left lists all elements in the drawing. Select the element you want to change. In the second column from the left select the "Override" button. Pull down the drop-down list of line types under "Pattern" and select the "Dash" linetype, for example. This method will change the linetype to dashed for all objects of that type.
2. Select the "Linework" tool (looks like a fountain pen nib), select the type of line you want to turn the object into on the dropdown linetype list on the left (such as "Hidden line"), then slect the line of the object you want to change.
Q12. How can I show the footprint of a plan in the site plan when it is hidden below a roof overhang?
Q13. What is the difference between "Duplicate," "Duplicate with Detailing," and "Duplicate as a Dependent?"
Q14. How can I create a new wall sweep?"
Q15. How can I change a curtain wall panel to a door or window?
Q16. I cannot change a curtain wall panel to a door or window – I cannot even load curtain wall doors or windows; the “Load” button is greyed out.
Q17. How can I copy and paste geometry from one file into another?
Q18. Revit Architecture 2010 dropped the link to the Autodesk Content Distribution Center. How can I get additional Revit Families for things like doors, windows, light fixtures, furniture, etc?
Q19. How can I put a footing under my foundation wall?
Q20. I have drawn a toposurface for the site and it cuts right through the building. How can I cut a hole in the topography to show a basement in section?
A20. Change your View to the Site plan. Select the "Massing and Site" tab, pick "Building Pad," then in the Properties Palette type in the depth of the pad, sketch its boundaries and click on the green checkmark to finish.
The default pad type is generic material and 1'-0" thick. To make the pad correspond to your foundation material, select it and click on "Edit Type" on the Properties Palette. Then create a new Pad Type. Change the material to Gravel. There is no gravel material on the list. To create a gravel material, right-click on any of the materials in the list and select "Duplicate." Type in Gravel in the name slot. Give it a cut pattern by selecting the ... button to the right of the Cut Pattern pull down in the Materials dialogue box. Then pick the "New" button. Select the radio button Custom. Select the Import button. Browse for the AutoCAD pat file (Acad.pat), which is at C:\Documents and Settings\AT150\Application Data\Autodesk\ACD-A 2009\enu\Support. Pick the Gravel.pat file. Change the "Import Scale" to 0.1. Click back on the word gravel in the dialogue box to set the import scale. Select OK three times. This will bring you back to the "Edit Assembly" dialogue box. Change the Material Thickness to 4". Click OK twice to come back to the "Element Properties" dialogue box. Change the Level to the Basement Level. Change the Height Offset from Level to -4" (this will place the gravel pad below the basement floor, which will be a 4" thick concrete slab). Select OK.
To change the pad boundary to the outside of the wall, select the Pad in the site plan and select "Edit Boundary" from the ribbon. The boundary will become purple. Select the line you want to move and move to the right side of the wall. Select the green check mark on the ribbon. The reason you should draw the Pad on the outside of the wall rather than the inside, is that you want the Pad to define the hole in the earth as being cut on the outside of the foundation wall, not the inside, because if you place windows in the wall, you do not want the earth migrating into the window thickness. Note that topography is shown as a 10' thick earth pattern in section. The gravel pad will cross through the footing to the outside face of the foundation wall. To cover the gravel layer in section, draw a filled region around the footing and set its hatch pattern to concrete. The Filled Region command is under the Annotation tab.
Normally you want the earth hatch pattern to be shown under the basement floor, as well as against the foundation wall. To change the thickness of the topography, under the "Massing and Site tab, there is a small diagonal arrow on the "Model Site" panel. Click on this arrow and this will bring up the "Site Settings" dialogue box. You can then change the "Elevation of poche base" to a dimension about 2 feet deeper than the deepest part of your basement.
Q21. When I move one wall in plan several others move along with it. Why?
Q22. Stairs in Revit do not look like they should. How can I fix them?
Q23. Why do components downloaded from Revit City not show up in plan?
Q24. How can I show objects to be demolished as dashed?
Q25. How can I show a surface pattern on a floor?
3. Create a floor type that is 1/4" thick with just one material having a surface pattern hatch, let's say a 4" square hatch to resemble tile, and place it in the room you want to have a pattern.Then select it and change its height to 1/4" above the floor level, That will hide the main floor pattern below.
Q26. How can I print a drawing in Revit?
Q27. What are the best View Range Settings for plans and reflected ceiling plans?
Q28. How can I show dimensions of less than 1 foot without showing the 0' preface? In other words, I want to have dimensions read 3 5/8" instead of the annoying 0'-3 5/8"?
A28. Select from the tab "Manage" then "Project Units" then "Length" then check the box marked "Suppress 0 feet." Click OK and OK. But you are not done yet - perversely, you also want Elevation Levels to read 0'-0" so to fix that, right-click on the Level Head in the Project Browser, it is under Families and then Annotation Symbols, Level Head - Circle. Select Edit. You will get a dialogue box that appears that says "Open "Level Head - Circle" for editing?" Answer "Yes." The family editor will then open. Select the word Elevation. Right click and select Element Properties. Pick Edit after the parameter Label. Select the word Elevation under the column Parameter Name. Select the # sign held by a ghostly hand at the bottom of the table. Turn off the check box that says "Use Project Settings" at the top and make sure that "Suppress 0 feet" is unchecked (it is unchecked by default). Select OK three times. Select "Load into Project" at the top of the screen, and then agree to override parameters.
Q29. My drawing titles are always two lines. How can I make them one line?
A29. From the Application menu (the big R), select Open>Family> Imperial Library folder>Annotations folder>open the family "View Title.rfa." Click on the top line "View Name" and stretch the box to the right several inches. Save as "View Title Long Name.rfa" In your drawing, open a sheet. Right click>Element Properties. This will open the Instance Properties dialogue box for System Family:Viewport. Click on "Edit Type." Change the Title parameter from "View Title" to "View Title Long Name."
Q30. I purged the drawing and accidently purged out some railing styles that I need. How do I get them back
A30. Open the file that does not have the railing styles you need. Now open a new drawing file. Select from the tab "Manage" then "Transfer Project Standards." The "Select Items to Copy" dialogue box will appear with a long list of "items" to select to copy to the current file from the other file. I would keep them all checked and click "OK." If given a choice on which of the standards to transfer, select the "New Only" button.
Q31. How do I initiate Worksharing?
A31. Revit assigns a user name to the application upon installation. By default, it takes the Windows login name. In the case of the computers at Triton, this is at150. The problem comes in trying to identify different computers taking part in the work sharing by their user name. When they are all the same, the system fails. So the simple solution is to change the user name in the Revit application. I am not sure if the 'rollback' software at Triton undoes this change upon reboot, but it is a simple enough setting to change prior to a work sharing session. Here is how:
1) Load Revit
2) Click on the purple 'R' in the upper left-hand corner to get to the File menu.
3) Click 'Options' at the bottom
4) In the 'General' tab, 'Username' box, replace at150 with a unique username.
Q32. How can I place the diameter symbol in a text element?
A32. in the Windows start menu "Search Programs and Files" (or the "Run" selection in XP) type Charmap > <ENT> this will bring up the Windows Character Map dialogue box. Pick the character you need, pick the "Select" button, then the "Copy"button. Within the text, you can "copy from desktop."
Q33. How can I use special characters like the degree symbol in text?
Select the Windows Start button and select Run..
Type Charmap in the blank slot.
This will bring up a list of special characters for text.
Copy and paste into the Revit text file
<Alt>0216 is diameter (hold down Alt key while typing numbers on numerical keypad) Ø
<Alt>0178 is squared ²
<Alt>0179 is cubed ³
<Alt>0186 is degree º
<Alt>0177 is ±
Q34. Why can I not see an object in a view that I know must be there?
A34. Top ten reasons why you might not see an element or a Family in a Project View:
What are the keyboard shortcuts?
AD Group, Attach Detail
AG Advanced Model Graphics
AP Add to Group
AR Array - pick objects first
C <ENT> Place a Component
CC Copy - pick objects first (same as CO)
CG Group, Cancel Group
CO Copy - pick objects first (same as CC)
CS Create Similar - pick objects first
DE Delete (the delete key does the same thing)
DL Detail Lines (only works in plan or elevation views)
EG Group, Edit Group
EH Hide in View, Elements - pick objects first
EL Spot Dimension, Spot Elevation
EX Group, Exclude Member
ER Editing Requests
EU Unhide in View, Elements - this is for permanently hidden objects - turn on lightbulb in the view bar and pick magenta color objects first
FG Group, Finish Group
HC Temporary Hide/Isolate, Hide Category
HH Temporary Hide/Isolate, Hide Element
HI Temporary Hide/Isolate, Isolate Element
HL Hidden Lines graphic style
HR Temporary Hide/Isolate, Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate
IC Temporary Hide/Isolate, Isolate Category
LG Group, Link Group
MP Group, Move Member to Project
PG Group, Group Properties
PP Pin Position
RA Group, Restore All
RB Group, Restore Excluded Member
RG Group, Remove from Group
RL Reload Latest
RP Reference Plane
RR Rendering Dialog
RT Room Tag
RW Reload Latest
SA Select All Instances
SD Shading with Edges
SF Split Face
SL Split Walls and Lines
SO Snaps Off
SR Snap to Remote Objects
SS Turn Override Off
SU Sun and Shadow Settings
SW Work Plane Grid
TG Tag, By Category
TL Thin Lines
UG Group, Ungroup
UN Project Units
UP Unpin Position
VG Visibility/Graphics Override (same as VV)
VH Hide in View, Category
VU Unhide in View, Category
VV Visibility/Graphics Override (same as VG)
WC Cascade windows
WT Tile windows
ZA Zoom All to Fit
ZC Zoom Previous Pan/Zoom
ZE Zoom to Fit
ZF Zoom to Fit
ZO Zoom Out (2x)
ZP Zoom Previous Pan/Zoom
ZR Zoom In Region
ZS Zoom Sheet Size
ZV Zoom Out (2x)
ZX Zoom to Fit
ZZ Zoom In Region