104 Revere Street

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The site consists of approximately 43 acres of land of which 28.7 acres are considered to be buildable. Since 1922 the property was used to manufacture rubber and vinyl sheet goods such as rubber bands, tapes, vinyl film and linings.  There are 557,000 square feet of total floor space - although recent demolition may have changed this figure. Research of public documents at the local Board of Health, Massachusetts DEP, and Federal Databases begins to build the picture as to the potential cleanup issues on the property.

Since the property at 104 Revere Street has been used extensively as an industrial complex, there have been many concerns about the chemicals that have been used over the years. Raw materials such as vinyl resins, rubber plasticizers and pigments were processed at this property.

The hazardous nature of this site was discovered in 1979. A preliminary assessment was done in 1980. Dealing with this site will involve The Massachusetts Contingency Plan (310 CMR 40.0000) which  describes how environmental cleanup is conducted in Massachusetts. Publicly, local developers have cited estimates to clean this site up at between $11,000,000  - $41,000,000 which is quite a range. Some developers have looked at the site and place the number in the $18,000,000 - $25,000,000 range.

Asbestos & Lead Based Paint

Since this property contains industrial buildings, it is suspected that quantities of asbestos are located on the property in such places as window glazing, window caulking, roofing tar, roofing paper, floor mystics, pipe insulation, heater insulation, vapor barriers, transite paneling and breaching insulation.  (Massachusetts DEP regulations would manage this issue). It is believed that abatement is underway on the property as buildings are being demolished.

In addition, with the demolition of buildings on the site will come the issue of lead based paint abatement. It is expected that lead based paints would exist on many building components on the property.

Underground & Above Ground Storage Tanks

On-site observations seem to show that there are more than 20 above ground storage tanks, and records indicate that they held between 250 -75,000 gallons of chemicals that sourced the plant.  There are believed to be at least thirteen underground storage tanks that have been decommissioned over the years. Public records do not detail much information or even if these underground tanks were treated properly or improperly.  Additional research on this issue is ongoing.

The Drainage Culvert

In 1962, the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers constructed a flood control spillway along the western edge of the property, and three box culverts were built to accommodate the Canton River. Located within the property is a triple box drainage culvert that runs through the entire site. The box culvert is expected to be 13'-6" wide by 4'-6" deep and located 2' below the ground surface. As water passes over the East Branch of the Neponset River Overflow Dam it is directed into the culvert - water then passes underground through the center of the property and discharges into Lower Factory Pond.  There is a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit (MA00084) for this discharge. At least one and possibly additional buildings were connected via flumes to this discharge point.

The question for this property with respect to the box culvert is the possible presence of phthalate's on the property's soil and in the box culvert.  There are monitoring wells on the site and data regarding phthalate's would have to be assessed.  Also, additional research with the Massachusetts DEP may lead to new information regarding the presence 0f such phthalate's on this site.

The Dumping Ground

Located on the property is an abandoned industrial landfill. It is expected that within the landfill would be a number of metals (antimony, arsenic, barium, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, nickel, thallium, vanadium and zinc.) The issue surrounding these metals will depend upon the reportable concentrations found in future tests on the property. Also, it could be expected that phthalates and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons  may be in the dumping grounds. The question that will need to be answered is whether, given the proximity to the watercourse at Lower Factory Pond, any potential soil contamination would leach to to surface water.  Dealing with closing the dumping ground could be controlled under Massachusetts General Laws c. 21E. - and if metals such as Zinc are leaching into the watercourses nearby then mitigation would need to be arranged prior to closing this dumping ground out.

The Metals 

Aside from the dumping ground, the buildings on the property have been the site of more than 180 years of industry. Copper, chromium, lead, beryllium, and cadmium might also be found on the property in varying reportable concentrations.

Groundwater Contamination

Over the past few years several studies have been conducted to meet the needs of due diligence on the part of potential buyers. In the course of these environmental assessments, more than 39 monitoring wells have been gauged (or attempted to gauge) for assessing product and depth to groundwater. Phthalates are thought to be present and likely in some places to reach bedrock.  Building 28 & 30 are particularly thought to need additional study. It is thought that solvents are still pervasive on the site and that they can be found around building 30 and exist around the box culvert.  

What is in the groundwater? More than likely it is Zinc which could be leaching from the dumping grounds. Chromium and copper could also be in the groundwater.

Open Questions

  • Does soil and groundwater contamination at the dumping grounds exceed Upper Concentration Limits for any metals? 
  • Does zinc leach into soils to groundwater near the dumping ground? If so, will this be determined to be a hazardous waste cleanup issue?
  • Will wetlands need to be remediated that border the dumping ground?

Chemicals used on the Site

Below is a list of toxic chemicals that have been used on the property as listed by the EPA. You may click on the links to be directed to the U.S. EPA substance file risk information for the toxic chemicals listed.

ACETONE
ANTIMONY COMPOUNDS
LEAD COMPOUNDS
BENZO(g,h,i)PERYLENE
METHYL ETHYL KETONE
N-DIOCTYL PHTHALATE
TOLUENE
BARIUM COMPOUNDS
ZINC COMPOUNDS
DI(2-ETHYLHEXYL) PHTHALATE
METHYL ETHYL KETONE
N-HEXANE
CYCLOHEXANE
POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC COMPOUNDS

Additional Data & Sources:

The U.S. EPA identification listing for this site is  MAD001009950.  The Tri-Facility identification number is 02021PLYMT104RE. 

There are Release Tracking Numbers associated with this site - RTN 3-19407 for number 6 fuel oil released into Lower Factory Pond. Also, see RTN 3-15347 & 3-19744 for solvent releases into Lower Factory Pond. Also see: RTN 3-1662, RTN 3-10933, RTN 3-11520 and RTN-3-20632.  

Also, Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps for the property (1885, 1891, 1896, 1901, 1906, 1911, 1919, 1927, 1944 & 1959)

Coming soon: Neponset Valley Watershed information on the Neponset River