Research Guides for Skill Learning






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RESEARCH GUIDES : WRITING SKILLS, RESEARCH SKILLS : DATABASE SEARCHING SKILLS : 

LIFE AND EMPLOYMENT TOOLS AND SKILLS FROM RESEARCH GUIDES AND MORE

 

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesforskilllearning/home



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Research Guide Directory :

Discussion Group Directory

https://sites.google.com/site/researchguidesonsites/



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RESEARCH GUIDES : WRITING SKILLS, RESEARCH SKILLS : DATABASE SEARCHING SKILLS :
LIFE AND EMPLOYMENT TOOLS AND SKILLS FROM RESEARCH GUIDES AND MORE



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How to Write a Research Paper




  • A Research Guide for Students

    Writing Guides

    How to Write a Research Paper
    Research, writing and style guides
    Using search engines
    Presentation Tips for Public Speaking
    Format for a Research Paper
    Quoting Passages Using MLA Style
    Plagiarism: How to Avoid It
    Footnotes and Endnotes
    First Footnotes and Endnotes - Examples in MLA Style
    Sample Footnotes
    Sample Endnotes

    Parenthetical References
    Parenthetical references - examples in MLA style
    Works cites, References or Bibliography?
    How to write a bibliography or works cited page
    How to Write a Bibliography
    Sample Bibliography or Works Cited
    Month, Day Abbreviations
    Common Abbreviations
    Bible Abbreviations
    ISO Country Codes
    Countries, Cities & Flags

  • Chapter 1. How to Write an A+ Research Paper

    STEP 1. CHOOSE A TOPIC
    STEP 2. FIND INFORMATION
    STEP 3. STATE YOUR THESIS
    STEP 4. MAKE A TENTATIVE OUTLINE
    STEP 5. ORGANIZE YOUR NOTES
    STEP 6. WRITE YOUR FIRST DRAFT
    STEP 7. REVISE YOUR OUTLINE AND DRAFT
    Checklist One
    Checklist Two
    STEP 8. TYPE FINAL PAPER

  • Writing a Research Paper

    Writing a Research Paper
    Genre and the Research Paper
    Choosing a Topic
    Identifying Audiences
    Where do I Begin?
    Exploratory Papers
    Annotated Bibliographies
    Book Report
    Definitions
    Essays for Exams
    Book Review


    Suggested Resources
    -MLA Guide
    -APA Guide
    -How to Navigate the New OWL
    -Media File Index
    -OWL Exercises
  • A+ Research & Writing IPL2

    Table of Contents
    What this site offers

    Guide to researching and writing a paper

    Finding information in cyberspace and in your library
    Great online resource

    Step by Step Research and Writing
    Why the Step by Step Approach?
    Step 1 - Getting Started - preparing for the assignment and getting ready 
    to choose a topic
    Step 2 - Discovering and Choosing a Topic - reading to become informed
    Step 3 - Looking for and Forming a Focus - exploring your topic
    Step 4 - Gathering Information - which clarifies and supports your focus
    Step 5 - Preparing to Write - analyzing and organizing your information and forming a thesis statement
    Step 6 - Writing the Paper - writing, revising and finalizing

    Click More Information ICON to see Info Search Contents and a link to the much more detailed Table of Contents.


  • Writing Research Papers (Experimental Biosciences)


    Title page
    Abstract
    Introduction
    Materials & Methods
    Results
    Discussion
    Literature Cited

    Other resources

    Common errors in student research papers
    Selected writing rules

    Laboratory Studies

    Overview
    Microscope studies
    Flagella experiment
    Laboratory math
    Blood fractionation
    Gel electrophoresis
    Protein gel analysis
    Mitochondria
    Concepts/ theory

    Record keeping, Writing, and Data Analysis

    Overview
    Keeping a lab notebook
    Writing research papers
    Dimensions & units
    Using figures (graphs)
    Examples of graphs
    Experimental error
    Representing error
    Applying statistics

    Laboratory Methods

    Overview
    Principles of microscopy
    Solutions & dilutions
    Protein assays
    Spectrophotometry
    Fractionation and centrifugation
    Radioisotopes and detection

  • The Writer's Handbook: Writing A Research Paper


    Discovering, Narrowing, and Focusing a Researchable Topic
    Finding, Selecting, and Reading Sources
    Grouping, Sequencing, and Documenting Information
    Writing an Outline and a Prospectus for Yourself
    Writing the Introduction
    Writing the Body
    Writing the Conclusion
    Revising the Final Draft

  • A Guide for Writing Research Papers based on Styles Recommended by The American Psychological Association Prepared by the Humanities Department as part of The Guide to Grammar and Writing and the Arthur C. Banks Jr. Library CAPITAL COMMUNITY COLLEGE Hartf

    What does a reference look like for a SINGLE-AUTHOR BOOK? 
    What about a book written by MORE THAN ONE AUTHOR? 
    What if I'm not using a first edition? 
    How do I list an EDITED VOLUME 
    What happens if my book has NO AUTHOR OR EDITOR listed? 
    I have a SEVERAL-VOLUME WORK here. How do I list that? 
    What if I'm using a quote that I discover in a SECONDARY RESOURCE? 
    DOCTORAL DISSERTATION. How would create a reference for that? 
    What's the proper format for a Magazine or Periodical? 
    SCHOLARLY JOURNAL. How would I cite that? 
    How would I handle a NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ? 
    how to handle NON-PRINT MATERIALS? 
    PERSONAL INTERVIEWS and PHONE CONVERSATIONS. How do I document those resources? 
    CLASSROOM LECTURE. Can I use that? 
    GOVERNMENT and ERIC to list. What's the proper format? 
    INTERNET and CD-ROM RESOURCES. How do I document that material? 
    ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY. How do I go about that? 


  • GUIDE TO WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS IN THE APA STYLE
    Basic APA Facts
    Avoiding Plagiarism
    In-text Citations
    The Reference Page
    Books
    Periodicals
    Computer Sources
    Online document
    Book
    Article in an electronic magazine (ezine)
    Newspaper article
    Government publication
    CD-ROM
    Software
    Abstract

    Academic Writing Topics:
    Miscellaneous Grammar Woes
    Grammar and Punctuation
    The Sentence
    Troublesome Pairs
    Transitional Words
    Guidelines for a Critical Book Review
    Researching On-line
    The Annotated Bibliography
    Finding Your Thesis
    The Outline
    The Research Paper
    Plagiarism and How To Avoid It
    Writing Research Papers in the MLA Style
    Writing Research Papers in the APA Style

    Business Writing Topics:
    Ten Commandments of Business Writing
    Bibliography of Business and Professional Writing
    Nominal Writing In Business
    Personality Choices in Business Writing
    Persuasive Business Writing
    Writing a Business Memo
    Using Evidence to Prove Your Point
    Seven Deadly Sins of Business Writing

    Online Resources
    Writer's Complex
    MLA
    APA
    Various Other On-line Writing Centers
    Web Resources
    Professional Communications Study

    Source: 
    The Writing Center at
    Empire State College
    Genesee Valley Center
    Rochester, NY

    GUIDE TO WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS
    IN THE APA STYLE
  • Types of APA Papers APA Formatting and Style Guide

    Contents of This Website 

    Research and Citation
    APA Style
    APA Overview and Workshop
    APA Formatting and Style Guide
    General Format
    In-Text Citations: The Basics
    In-Text Citations: Author/Authors
    Footnotes and Endnotes
    Reference List: Basic Rules
    Reference List: Author/Authors
    Reference List: Articles in Periodicals
    Reference List: Books
    Reference List: Other Print Sources
    Reference List: Electronic Sources
    Reference List: Other Non-Print Sources
    Additional Resources
    Types of APA Papers
    APA Stylistics: Avoiding Bias
    APA Stylistics: Basics
    APA Headings and Seriation
    APA PowerPoint Slide Presentation
    APA Sample Paper
    APA Tables and Figures 1
    APA Tables and Figures 2
    APA Abbreviations
    Statistics in APA
    APA Classroom Poster
    APA Changes 6th Edition


  • WRITING A SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH ARTICLE

    Website Table of Contents

    Title
    Authors
    Introduction
    Materials and Methods
    Results (with Tables and Figures)
    Discussion
    Acknowledgments
    Literature Cited

  • How to Write a Research Paper

    "Most university courses involve
    some sort of extended writing assignment,
    usually in the form of a research paper.
    Papers normally require that a
    student identify a broad area of research
    related to the course, focus the
    topic through some general background
    reading, identify a clear research
    question, marshal primary and secondary
    resources to answer the question,
    and present the argument in a clear and
    creative manner, with proper
    citations.

    That is the theory, at least. But how do
    you go about doing it all? This
    brief guide provides some answers."
  • Research Paper FAQ

    Topics Covered

    What Is a Research Paper and
    Why Am I Writing One?

    How Do I Start a Research Paper?

    How Do I Decide on a Topic?

    Are There Topics I Should Avoid?

    OK, My Topic Has Been Approved. Now What?

    I'm Having Trouble with My Introduction!

    What Kind of Sources Do I Use and
    Where Do I Find Them?

    How Do I Use Sources in My Paper?

    What Happens When the Sources
    Seem to be Writing My Paper For Me?

    I've Finished My Rough Draft, Now What Do I Do?


  • Write a Research Paper A Guide on How to Write Academic Papers

    Contents 

    How to Write Academic Papers

    1Write a Research Paper
    2Writing a Paper
    3Outline
    3.1Write an Outline
    3.2Outline Examples
    4Research Question
    4.1Thesis Statement
    4.2Write a Hypothesis
    5Parts of a Paper
    5.1Title
    5.2Abstract
    5.3Introduction
    5.4Methods
    5.5Results
    5.6Discussion
    5.7Conclusion
    5.8Bibliography
    6Optional Parts
    6.1Table of Contents
    6.2Acknowledgements
    6.3Appendix


    This list continued by clicking on the MORE ICON. 


  • Seven Steps to Effective Library Research

    Library Research at Cornell 
    Seven Steps to Effective Library Research

    STEP 1: IDENTIFY AND DEVELOP YOUR TOPIC
    STEP 2: FIND BACKGROUND INFORMATION
    STEP 3: USE CATALOGS TO FIND BOOKS AND MEDIA
    STEP 4: USE INDEXES TO FIND PERIODICAL ARTICLES
    STEP 5: FIND INTERNET RESOURCES
    STEP 6: EVALUATE WHAT YOU FIND
    STEP 7: CITE WHAT YOU FIND USING A STANDARD FORMAT
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Writing Center. Sociology

    What this handout is about
    Key assumptions and characteristics of sociological writing
    Argument
    Evidence
    Quantitative data 
    Qualitative data
    Units of analysis
    Typical writing assignments in sociology
    Application or testing of a theory or concept
    Research paper
    Works consulted

  • Writing Within Sociology: A Guide for Undergraduates Department of Sociology Oregon State University

    Contents

    Introduction
    Writing that Matters
    Tips on Writing Theory and Content Papers
    Overview for Writing a Quantitative Research Paper
    Writing Quantitative Research Papers
    The Introduction
    The Literature Review
    The Methods Section
    Presenting Quantitative Results
    Discussions and Conclusions
    Literature Reviews for Applied Research
    What’s Really Happening When I Write a Literature Review?
    Some Guidelines for Writing Book Reviews
    The Internship Journal

    MORE ICON TO CONTINUE

  • Writing for Sociology
    Writing for Sociology Guide - 2nd Edition 
    University of California Berkeley
    Sociology Department

    Contents
    Introduction 11
    1 Thinking and Reading for College 13
    1.1 Bloom's Taxonomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
    1.2 Reading for College . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
    1.2.1 Guidelines for Critical Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
    1.2.2 Get Messy! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Click the MORE ICON to continue.

  • Writing Sociology A Guide for Junior Papers and Senior Theses

    Table of Contents

    Introduction
    Chapter 1: The Research Question
    Chapter 2: Defining the Importance of Your Research
    Chapter 3: The Literature Review
    Chapter 4: Finding Data
    Chapter 5: Methods
    Chapter 6: Data Analysis
    Chapter 7: Discussing Your Findings and Drawing Conclusions
    Chapter 8: Bibliography
    Chapter 9: Other Helpful Information
    Appendix: Other Resources

  • Writing a Research Paper in Mathematics

    "Good mathematical writing, like good mathematics thinking, is a skill which must be practiced and developed for optimal performance. The purpose of this paper is to provide assistance for young mathematicians writing their first paper. The aim is not only to aid in the development of a well written paper, but also to help students begin to think about mathematical writing.

    I am greatly indebted to a wonderful booklet, "How to Write Mathematics," which provided much of the substance of this essay."

  • How to Write Mathematics
    Author: Norman Earl Steenrod; et al
    Publisher: [Providence] American Mathematical Society [1973]
    Edition/Format: Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
    Database: WorldCat
    Summary:
    Contains four essays on expository writing of books and papers at the research level and at the level of graduate texts.

    Title How to write mathematics by Norman E. Steenrod and others
    Publisher [Providence] American Mathematical Society [1973]

    ITEM LOCATION CALL NUMBER ITEM IS:
    Paley Stacks QA41.H6 LIB USE ONLY
    Paley Stacks QA41.H6 MISSING

    Physical Description 64 p. 23 cm.
    Subject(s) Mathematics -- Authorship.
    Bibliography Includes bibliographies.
    Other Author(s) Steenrod, Norman Earl, 1910-1971.
    ISBN 0821800550
  • MLA Citation Style

    "Four good reasons why you should learn how to cite correctly:


    To avoid plagiarism

    To give credibility and authenticity to your work

    To let the readers of your work locate your information sources

    To get a good grade


  • The Research Paper Dr. Bindon Anthropology Arts and Sciences University of Alabama

    The Research Paper
    Dr. Bindon Anthropology Arts & Sciences University of Alabama
    ANT 475 ANT 476 ANT 570 
    Paper Topics Bibliographic Resources Formatting rules Rules for Writing Citations Suggested Outline

  • THE RESEARCH PAPER

    "There is a standard format for all research reports, whether they be of the natural or social sciences. The ultimate goal is to test hypotheses, the predictions derived from one's theory and built upon the findings of others.

    The structure of the research paper reflects the profound relationship between theory and fact. Facts do not speak for themselves. As Marvin Harris (Cultural Materialism 1979:7) observed, "facts are always unreliable without theories that guide their collection and that distinguish between superficial and significant appearances." On the other hand, theories without facts are meaningless. The premise of science (and what distinguishes it from dogma and armchair philosophizing) is the authority of experiment and observation over reason, ideology, and intuition."

    Click More ICON to see more discussion.

  • The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers

    The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
    From Wikipedia

  • APA Style from the Wikipedia

    Contents

    1 Early editions
    2 Sixth edition of the Publication Manual
    3 Errors in the first printing of the sixth edition
    4 See also
    5 Notes
    6 References
    7 External links


  • How to Write a History Research Paper
    How to Write a History Research Paper

    1. How do I pick a topic?
    2. But I can't find any material...
    3. Help! How do I put this together? Research Guide and Writing Guide

    See also Robert Pearce's How to Write a Good History Essay
  • How to Write a Research Paper Wiki How

    Five Methods:
    Choosing Your Topic
    Researching
    Making an Outline
    Writing Your Paper
    Sample Research Papers

  • UNCFSU. Research Paper

    Introduction | Choosing a Topic | Getting Information | Writing an Outline | Writing and Rewriting the Paper Citing Sources | How I Grade a Research Paper

  • Research Paper Writing and Citation Guide

    Website Contents

    START HERE!
    WRITING GUIDES
    APA
    ASA
    CHICAGO
    MLA
    TURABIAN
    OTHER STYLES
    REFWORKS
    OTHER CITE TOOLS

  • A Brief Bibliography of Selected Book Titles Regarding How to Write a Research Paper

    WRITING AND WRITERS: RESEARCH PAPERS : 
    HOW TO : 
    BIBLIOGRAPHIES : 
    GUIDES : 
    BOOKS: 
    A Brief Bibliography of Selected Book Titles Regarding How to Write a Research Paper

    WEBBIB1314 


  • Style Manual and Writers Guide for Intelligence Publications011. It is entitled Style Manual and Writers Guide for Intelligence Publications.
    This guide is designed to be helpful and convenient, sensible in organization, and logical in content. Directorate of Intelligence Style Manual, Eighth Edition, 2011. It is entitled Style Manual & Writers Guide for Intelligence Publications. It contains, among other changes, a revised list 
    of accepted acronyms and new tips on word usage. The world is not static. Nor is the language we employ to assess it.
  • RESEARCH METHODS : LEARNING : EDUCATION: COLLEGE : RESEARCH SKILLS: A Selection of Sources Regarding Process Oriented Research
    RESEARCH METHODS :
    LEARNING :
    EDUCATION: COLLEGE :
    RESEARCH SKILLS:
    A Selection of Sources Regarding Process Oriented Research
  • HISTORY : HUMANITIES : WRITERS AND WRITING : COMMUNICATION SKILLS : RESEARCH : SCHOLARSHIP: Habits of Mind
    Habits of Mind
    Why college students who do serious historical research become
    independent, analytical thinkers
    By Anthony Grafton and James Grossman
    DECEMBER 10, 2014
    ARTICLE - WINTER 2015
    The American Scholar
  • BOOK: A Beginner's Guide to Critical Thinking and Writing in Health and Social Care
    A Beginner's Guide To Critical Thinking And Writing In Health And Social Care
    Open University Press
    Authors Aveyard, Helen, Sharp , Pam, Woolliams, Mary
    Edition illustrated
    Publisher McGraw-Hill International, 2011
    ISBN 0335243665, 9780335243662
    Length 157 pages
  • WRITING AND WRITERS : WORDS : VOCABULARY: Lake Superior State University's 40th Annual List of Banished Words
    Sample Entry

    SKILL SET

    "Why use two words when one will do? We already have a perfectly good word in 'skills' (ending with an s, not a z)." – Chip Lupo, Columbia, S.C.

    "A skill is a skill -- that is it. Phrases such as 'I have the skill set to do that properly' or anything resembling that phrase, shows the speaker is seriously lacking skills in the art of conversation. Please try this, 'I have the skill... do you have the skills... this requires certain skills... he is very skilled... that was a skillful maneuver... See? No need for a skill set." – Stephanie Hamm-Wieczkiewicz, Litfield Park, Ariz.
  • EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE : BOOKS : WRITERS AND WRITING : HOW TO : PUBLIC HEALTH : HEALTH EDUCATION : HEALTH PROMOTION: Writing Health Communication: An Evidence-Based Guide
    Writing Health Communication: An Evidence-Based Guide
    Author(s): Abraham, Charles.
    Kools, Marieke,; 1978-
    Publication: London : SAGE,
    Year: 2012
    Description: 1 online resource (xv, 175 p., [4] p. plates) : ill. (some
    col.).
    Language: English
    Standard No: ISBN: 9781446254172 (electronic bk.); 1446254178 (electronic
    bk.); 9781847871855; 1847871852; 9781847871862; 1847871860; 1299657605
    (ebk); 9781299657601 (ebk)
  • Sage Research Methods Online
    A search of the phrase "research papers" in this database finds 251 sources that discuss various aspects of the research and writing process for producing research papers.
  • DISABILITIES: SOCIAL ISSUES INTERACTION AND ETIQUETTE : WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS: National Center on Disability and Journalism. Style Guide
    DISABILITIES: SOCIAL ISSUES INTERACTION AND ETIQUETTE :
    WRITING AND WRITERS: STYLE AND WRITING MANUALS:
    National Center on Disability and Journalism.
    Style Guide
  • [DigitalScholarship] WRITERS AND WRITING: CITING SOURCES : BOOKS : REFERENCE TOOLS: Cite Right: A Quick Guide to Citation Styles
    WRITERS AND WRITING: CITING SOURCES :
    BOOKS :
    REFERENCE TOOLS:
    Cite Right: A Quick Guide to Citation Styles
    Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and
    Author Charles Lipson
    Publisher University of Chicago Press, 2008
    ISBN 0226484807, 9780226484808
    Length 208 pages

    "Thousands of students have turned to Lipson for no-nonsense advice on how to cite sources properlyand avoid plagiarismwhen writing their research papers. With his latest book, Cite Right, Lipson once again provides much-needed counsel in a concise and affordable handbook for students and researchers. Building on Doing Honest Work in College, Lipsons new book offers a wealth of information on an even greater range of citation styles and details the intricacies of many additional kinds of sources."
  • [DigitalScholarship] STATISTICS : RESEARCH GUIDES : INSTRUCTIONS: How to Use the United States Government Agency Section of the Statistics Resources Research Guide for Statistical Data Sources on Specific Topic Searches
    STATISTICS :
    RESEARCH GUIDES :
    How to Use the United States Government Agency Section
    of the Statistics Resources Research Guide for Statistical Data Sources
    for Specific Topic Searches

    Finding and using statistical sources is a challenge for most students and many researchers. Finding government statistical sources are even more of a befuddlement. Requests for govenment information, let alone statistics, have dwindled in recent years in live reference situations. Providing a tool that shows, agency by agency, where government statistics hide in a group of links to database search results contributes to statistical literacy and to information literacy for government statistical sources and to the uses for government statistics.

    Even though the actual publications found in these searches are not free, all of the databases used are. Over fifty government agencies of the United States federal government are now included and this is a work in progress as is the entire statistics resource guide. United States government agencies do provide statistical data for other countries.

    Many teachers tell students not to use Google for serious research as I religiously did until October 2014 when I saw one web address on the MedLib-L discussion group. I have no idea what the post was about, I just noticed one web address and as the lesson evolved, I started joining the students rather than trying to change them in regards to using Google Web Search as part of my database searching research tool.




Google Scholar Access by Link to Web of Science Article Citation Searches

.



Google Scholar Now Links to WEB OF SCIENCE 
Citation Searches for many individual sources 
found in Google Scholar search results for colleges 
and institutions that are subscribers to 
WEB OF SCIENCE.

.

This happens automatically on campus at Temple University.  
Off campus, to have access to this feature, one CANNOT go 
directly to Google Scholar and use it. One must go to 
Temple University Library's list of databases and select 
Google Scholar from that list.  It will facilitate matters if on 
the same internet browser, one has already logged into a 
Temple proprietary database already. Once one has gone to 
Google Scholar via the library database list, the 
WEB OF SCIENCE link should appear in Google Scholar 
search results.

.

Three Examples of Web of Science Links 
in Google Scholar search results

.

Concussions in hockey: There is cause for concern
D GOODMAN, M GAETZ… - Medicine and science in …, 
2001 - cat.inist.fr
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to document various 
aspects of concussion in Canadian Amateur hockey including 
demographics, causes, treatment, and prevention in order to 
guide future recommendations on how to reduce injury. 
Methods: A detailed ...
Cited by 134 Related articles All 5 versions Web of Science: 66 Cite Save

.


Effect of mouthguards on dental injuries and concussions 
in college basketball. CR Labella, BW Smith, A Sigurdsson -

Medicine and science in …, 2002 - europepmc.org
PURPOSE: Dental injuries can be permanent and disfiguring. 
They are also universally expensive to treat. Many dentists, 
sports physicians, and athletic trainers recommend mouthguards 
for athletes participating in certain competitive sports, including men's ...
Cited by 125 Related articles All 6 versions Web of Science: 65 Cite Save More

.

Concussions among United States high school and collegiate athletes
LM Gessel, SK Fields, CL Collins, RW Dick… - Journal of athletic …, 
2007 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Abstract Context: An estimated 300 000 sport-related traumatic brain 
injuries, predominantly concussions, occur annually in the United States. 
Sports are second only to motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of 
traumatic brain injury among people aged 15 to 24 years. ...
Cited by 259 Related articles All 10 versions Web of Science: 149 Cite Save More

.


BOOKS: How to Write a Research Paper






How to Select a Research Paper Topic







Evaluating News Report Accuracy Credibility and Reliability







Database Search Results for How to Write a Research Paper






Search Technique Resources and Finding Tools
to Get From Found Source Citations to those Sources







Research Paper Skills Guides and Articles by David Dillard Regarding Database Searching







Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling and Other Writing Skills





  • Guide to Grammar and Writing FROM Capital Community College
    GUIDE TO GRAMMAR AND WRITING

    Sentence Level
    Sentence Parts and Word Functions
    Skip to Verbs and Verbals
    Clauses
    The Garden of Phrases
    Diagramming Sentences
    Sentence Fragments
    Run-on Sentences
    Rules for Comma Usage
    Punctuation Marks Besides the Comma
    Punctuation Between Two Independent Clauses
    Notorious Confusables: words we get mixed up
    or A Confusables Menu (use pop-up or random selector)
    Plague Words and Phrases we should avoid

    Articles and Determiners
    Noun Forms: Plurals and Possessives
    Pronouns and Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
    Placement of Modifiers
    Subject-Verb Agreement
    Tense Sequence among Verbs, Infinitives
    and Participles
    Compound Nouns and Modifiers
    Capitalization
    Abbreviations
    Using Italics and Underlining
    Using Numbers, Making Lists
    Writing Concise Sentences
    Parallel Structures
    Confusion: Sources and Remedies
    Vocabulary Builders: Suggestions, Quizzes, Pop-Up Lexicon
    Spelling: Rules, Suggestions, Quizzes

    Paragraph Level
    Sentence Variety
    Consistency of Tense and Pronoun Reference
    Avoiding Primer Language
    Sentence-Combining Skills
    Coherence and Transitions
    Paragraph Development 
    Essay Level

    PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION

    An entire Web site for writers in English composition courses — featuring handouts on Getting Started, Structure, Tone, Transitions, Editing, Logic, Formats, Rhetorical Patterns, Argumentative Essays, Research Papers, and more — accompanied by an abundance of successful sample essays 

    Forms of Communication
    Samples (in .pdf format) for business letters, memos, application letters, thank-you letters, resumes, meeting minutes and agendas, and the research paper. 
    PowerPoint Presentations
    If you have PowerPoint on your computer, you can take advantage of the several PowerPoint presentations available with the Guide. Click HERE for a list and for additional information.
    Finding Grammar Topics 
    on These Pages 
    First, we recommend the hyperlinked INDEX. The index does not reference the quizzes or the Grammar Logs (see below). See also the FAQ File, frequently asked questions.
    You can also try the new Search Engine
    Interactive Quizzes 
    Over 150 challenging computer-graded quizzes to test your knowledge of grammar! Take the quizzes as a challenge or just for fun, or read the digital handouts listed above first. Many of the quizzes are also listed at the end of the appropriate sections 

    Ask Grammar! 
    Click here to get a form that will allow you to submit a question about English usage or grammar. It's a good idea to check the FAQ File first to see if your question has already been answered. Also, look in the Index and consult the Search Engine to make sure the answer is not already part of the Guide. Answers are posted in the Grammar Logs (below) — sometimes within hours, almost always within a day or two. Full responses are sometimes sent through e-mail, or you will be notified that answers have been posted in the Grammar Logs (listed below) 

    GRAMMAR LOGS 
    This is where Grammar keeps track of questions and answers. Once filled, each volume contains 100 questions, ten "logs" of ten questions each. We suggest you look through these volumes to see if your question has been asked and answered before; in the process, you will surely find many interesting questions from other users around the world. There is also an FAQ File, a list of Frequently Asked Questions, hyperlinked to appropriate answers within the Guide. So far, questions have been submitted from 123 countries — for a list — and all fifty states of the U.S.A. 

    Grammar English’s Bookshelf 
    When Grammar English needs help, what books does she grab first? 
    Other Online Resources for Writing 
    Grammar English thinks she has the best online resource for writing 
    but there are others. See also the Academic Weblist for English.

    Eminent Quotables 
    Over 200 quotations from famous writers and thinkers — from William Shakespeare to Steve Martin, from Yeats to Eeyore — about the craft and passion of writing.
    Anomalous Anonymies 
    Grammar Goofs and uproarious misspellings harvested from college essays, 
    high school papers, and other sources over the years. Just for fun! 

    Caveat Lector 
    A brief but important caution about the uses of this Guide.

    Grammar’s Trophy Cabinet 
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  • Grammarly Handbook | English Grammar Rules
    Grammar
    Adjectives and Adverbs
    Articles
    Conjunctions
    Interjections
    Nouns
    Prepositions
    Pronouns
    Verbs

    Punctuation
    Comma
    Colon
    Semicolon
    Apostrophe
    Quotation Marks
    Dash
    Hyphen
    End of sentence punctuation
    Other punctuation marks

    Mechanics
    Spelling
    Capitalization
    Abbreviations
    Numbers
    Italics and Underlining
    Phrasal Verb and Idioms
    Compound Words

    Sentence style and sentence clarity
    Comparison
    Conditional Sentences
    Qualifiers and Quantifier
    Mixed Constructions
    Negatives
    Modifiers
    Parallelism
    Shifts in Writing
    Sentence style
    Transitions and Transitional Devices

    Improve Your Writing
    Basics of Writing (Composition)
    Planning
    Writing a Draft
    Revising and Editing the Draft
    Writing Paragraphs
    Document Design Issues

    Academic Writing – Specific Requirements 
    Argumentative Writing (Persuasive Writing)
    Essay Writing
    How to Write a Research Paper

    Organization and Development

    Logic In Argumentative Writing
    Writing Concisely
    Patterns Of Organization For Academic Texts
    Organizing And Developing Your Ideas
    Text-level Measurements Of Adequate Writing

    Revising and Editing
    Basic Mechanics
    Spelling and Grammar
    Organization
    Scrubbing (Writing Style)
    Appearance

    Research and Documentation
    Research
    Evaluating Resources
    Documentation
    Documentation Styles
  • Grammar FROM Purdue University Online Writing Lab
    Contents 

    Spelling
    This resource covers common spelling errors including accept/except, ei/ie, noun plurals, and –ible/able.

    Numbers
    This section discusses numbers, how to write them correctly, and when to use numerical expressions instead.

    Adjective or Adverb
    This worksheet discusses the differences between adjectives and adverbs. It defines adjectives and adverbs, shows what each can do, and offers several examples of each in use. Click here for some examples.

    How to Use Adjectives and Adverbs
    This resource provides basic guidelines of adjective and adverb use.

    Appositives
    This handout defines appositives and explains how they are used.

    Articles: A versus An
    This short handout deals with which article to use before a noun -- "a" or "an."

    How to Use Articles (a/an/the)
    This handout discusses the differences between indefinite articles (a/an) and definite articles (the).

    Prepositions
    This section deals with prepositions and their standard uses.

    Pronouns
    This section has information about how to use pronouns correctly.

    Relative Pronouns
    This handout provides detailed rules and examples for the usage of relative pronouns (that, who, whom, whose, which, where, when, and why).

    Count and Noncount Nouns
    This handout discusses the differences between count nouns and noncount nouns. Count nouns can be pluralized; noncount nouns cannot.

    Subject/Verb Agreement
    Ever get "subject/verb agreement" as an error on a paper? This handout will help you understand this common grammar problem.

    Verb Tenses
    This handout explains and describes the sequence of verb tenses in English.

    Active Verb Tenses
    This handout gives some examples of the different tenses verbs can have.

    Irregular Verbs
    This handout contains a list and discussion of common irregular verbs.
  • Grammar Handbook FROM The Center for Writing Studies : Writers Workshop: Writer Resources
    Parts of Speech
    Phrases
    Clauses
    Sentences and Sentence Elements
    Common Usage Problems

    Parts of Speech
    Nouns

    Nouns
    Common and Proper Nouns
    Mass and Count Nouns
    Pronouns
    Pronoun/Antecedent Agreement
    Noun and Pronoun Case

    Verbs

    Principal Tenses of Verbs
    Auxiliary Verbs
    Perfect and Progressive Verb Forms
    Regular and Irregular Verbs
    Verb Mood

    Adjectives and Adverbs

    Adjectives
    Adverbs
    Comparatives and Superlatives

    Conjunctions

    Conjunctions
    Conjunctive Adverbs

    Other Parts of Speech

    Prepositions
    Interjections

    Phrases

    Noun and Verb Phrases
    Prepositional Phrases
    Verbals and Verbal Phrases

    Clauses

    Independent and Dependent Clauses
    Adjective, Adverb, and Noun Clauses
    Relative Clauses
    Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Clauses

    Sentences and Sentence Elements

    Sentence Types
    Subjects and Predicates
    Active and Passive Voice
    Complements
    Direct and Indirect Objects
    Appositives

    Common Usage Problems

    Homophones
    Parallelism
    Misplaced Modifiers
    Dangling Modifiers
    Sentence Fragments
    Fused Sentences, Run-ons, and Comma Splices