Philo Links

Stoicism: Index - - Reflections on stoicism and modern society by someone who checks all the boxes of 'Secularism'.


Sir David Attenborough on God - - Agnosticism is not neutral and neutrality is not possible. Attenborough elequently comes down on the God side of agnosticism.



Humanist Manifesto II - Signed by Isaac Asimov among many others.
"The Humanist Manifestos (1933, 1973, 1999)" - First Things March 2000 by J. Budziszewski
THE NON-ELITE: A BRIEF MEDITATION ON THE NATURE OF ATHEIST HUMANISM by R. Joseph Hoffmann, an apparently elitist humanist.


Retrospectives: Eugenics and Economics in the Progressive Era by Thomas C. Leonard - - Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 19, Number 4, Fall 2005, Pages 207–224 - Excellent summary highlighting "race suicide" and how eugenics was so attractive to progressives of the time. 




Russell's Paradox



Philosophy of Science

David Hume

David Hume - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2009)
An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding and Selections... - David Hume & Adam Smith compilation. (1907) - Hume's work in digital form. Highlights


"Lies, Damned Lies and Medical Science" - - November 2010, Excellent summary of John Ioannidis' work and prospects for the improvement of certainty in science.

"What Is Wrong With Social Psychological Science?" - - Lee Jussim describes the reasons the social sciences are going through a time of epistemic crisis.
Everything is f---ed: The syllabus - Sanjay Srivastava creates a fake class syllabus citing the research on why the social sciences are...well, see for yourself.


Naomi Oreskes: Why we should trust scientists - (transcript) - Outlines a consensus model of science.
What Does 'Scientific Consensus' Mean? - - Outlines consensus from a field that isn't climate related.

Confirmation Bias



SCIENTIFIC REGRESS by William A. Wilson, May 2016 -



Existentialism Is a Humanism - - Lecture by Jean-Paul Sartre in 1945 that has served as an introduction to the atheistic branch of existentialism. Later he apparently disavowed it. I can't help but think his atheistic existentialism is a recipe for misplaced activism, such as Communism throughout the twentieth century. At any rate, the three families of criticism he wished to demolish seem alive and well, precisely because of his atheism.

Presuppositional Apologetics

The Great Debate: Does God Exist? - (audio) - Influential debate between Greg Bahsen and the naive atheist Gordon Stein.
Articles on Apologetics and Christian Reconstructionism by Greg Bahnsen - 
Our Theology in Our Apologetics by SCOTT OLIPHINT - (video 8 mins)
"Understanding Cornelius Van Til", K. Scott Oliphint, PhD. - (1 hr 21 mins)
“Transcendental Arguments” by John M. Frame - - Yes, Van Til can break naturalism towards God, but the move from “intelligible universe” to “theistic universe” requires a traditional argument. The traditional argument is based on a better foundation in this case which alleviates criticisms and therefore looks self evident.

(Eastern) Orthodox Church

Lessons on Christian Dogmatics - - Course notes from John Zizoulas. HighlightsB I 3. Cognizance through the Son and LogosC II 1. The period prior to the Cappadocian Fathers; C II 2. The contribution of the Cappadocian Fathers;  C II 5. Existential Interpretation

Eternal Memory

Volume II - Worship, The Sacraments, Funeral -

Eternal Memory -

DOSTOEVSKY AND MEMORY ETERNAL: An Eastern Orthodox Approach to the Brothers Karamazov by Donald Sheehan -


The Problem of Evil and Pain

Logical Problem of Evil - - Overview of the Problem of Evil as many modern atheists take - as an objective logical problem. An answer: if death is only evil for the evil and the bland, the POE quickly reduces to the problem of pain. The problem of pain is by definition subjective.
Hermeneutics of Suffering by John J. Parsons -


Augustine on Evil - - "The evil is momentary. The good that results is eternal."
Genesis 1-11 as Theodicy by James Keifer - - Genesis 1-11 as a substantial answer to POE.

Jastrow, M.. (1906). A Babylonian Parallel to the Story of Job. Journal of Biblical Literature, 25(2), 135–191.
The Ludlul-Bel-Nimeqi - Not Merely a Babylonian Job


Intelligent Design

Uncommon Knowledge: Mathematical Challenges to Darwin’s Theory of Evolution with Berlinski, Meyer, and Gelernter - - Excellent example of an ID criticism hitting its mark. In general, criticisms coming from ID have been valid, but they are also answerable and over time have largely been answered. The challenge for ID has always been philosphical - it has never really offered much more than a God of the Gaps. On the otherhand, a strong Logos theology need only point out Darwinism's ultimate presuppositions and otherwise does not have a strong need to criticise.
Uncommon Knowledge with David Berlinski on “The Deniable Darwin” - - "Life appears to offer at least a temporary rebuke to the second law of thermodynamics. If the complexity of living creatures is increasing, the entropy that surrounds them is decreasing." For his criticisms, Berlinski is a very interesting agnostic.
Stephen Meyer: God and the Origin of the Universe - Discovery Science - Perhaps ID is moving toward a Logos theology, but he is still heavily reliant on a causality argument.