047 Umatilla County

Blue Star Memorial Plaque 
Columbia River Highway. Umatilla, Oregon. March 28, 2014

Sub-pages will be created as I post more of my material on this section...

Umatilla County 1, 1937 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 003 - Township 5 N., Range 27 E., Columbia River
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328587
Historic Map Works
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328587/Page+003+++Township+5+N+++Range+27+E+++Columbia+River/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Umatilla County 2 (Umatilla), 1932 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 007 - Township 5 N., Range 28 E., Umtilla, Columbia River
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328591
Historic Map Works
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328591/Page+007+++Township+5+N+++Range+28+E+++Umtilla++Columbia+River/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Umatilla County 3 (Hermiston), 1932 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 008 - Township 4 N., Range 28 E., Hermiston, Umtilla River
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328592
Historic Map Works.
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328592/Page+008+++Township+4+N+++Range+28+E+++Hermiston++Umtilla+River/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Umatilla County 4 (Stanfield), 1932 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 012 - Township 4 N., Range 29 E., Stanfield, Cold Springs
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328596
Historic Map Works
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328596/Page+012+++Township+4+N+++Range+29+E+++Stanfield++Cold+Springs/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Umatilla County 5 (Echo), 1932 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 013 - Township 3 N., Range 29 E., Echo, Umatilla River
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328597
Historic Map Works
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328597/Page+013+++Township+3+N+++Range+29+E+++Echo++Umatilla+River/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Umatilla County 6 (Yoakum), 1932 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 020 - Township 2 N., Range 30 E., Yoakum, Horseshoe Curve, Nolin
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328604
Historic Map Works.
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328604/Page+020+++Township+2+N+++Range+30+E+++Yoakum++Horseshoe+Curve++Nolin/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Umatilla County 7 (Rieth), 1932 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 033 - Township 2 N., Range 31 E., Campbell, Furnish Resevoir, Barnhart
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328617
Historic Map Works.
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328617/Page+033+++Township+2+N+++Range+31+E+++Campbell++Furnish+Resevoir++Barnhart/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Umatilla County 8 (Pendleton), 1932 - CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE
Page 045 - Township 2 N., Range 32 E., Pendleton, McKay Creek
Atlas: Umatilla County 1932
State: Oregon
Metsker Maps 1932
Item # US1328629
Historic Map Works.
http://www.historicmapworks.com/Map/US/1328629/Page+045+++Township+2+N+++Range+32+E+++Pendleton++McKay+Creek/Umatilla+County+1932/Oregon/

Mouth of the Umatilla River
Clarence E. Mershon. The Columbia River Highway: From the Sea to the Wheat Fields of Eastern Oregon. Portland: Guardian Peaks Enterprises. 2006. 1st Edition. 243

Umatilla River Bridge
Clarence E. Mershon. The Columbia River Highway: From the Sea to the Wheat Fields of Eastern Oregon. Portland: Guardian Peaks Enterprises. 2006. 1st Edition. 247.

Umatilla River Bridge (2014)
Columbia River Highway. Umatilla, Oregon. March 28, 2014
Copyright © 2014 A. F. Litt, All Rights Reserved

Blue Star Memorial Plaque
Columbia River Highway. Umatilla, Oregon. March 28, 2014
Copyright © 2014 A. F. Litt, All Rights Reserved

Oregon State Archives - A 1940 Journey Across Oregon:

UMATILLA, 0.9 m. [West of Hwy. 730 Junction] (294 alt., 345 pop.), at the confluence of the Umatilla and Columbia Rivers, was founded in 1863 under the name of Umatilla Landing as a shipping point for the Powder River and Idaho mines during the rush to the gold fields. In June, 1863, its buildings numbered 53, thirteen of which had been erected in four days. The Oregonian for June 24, 1863, reported: "Very little regard is paid to the pretended title of the proprietor, Mr. Lurchin, as any one who wishes a lot just naturally jumps it." As a result the town boasted over 100 substantial buildings within six months after its founding. Twenty-five stores supplied the needs of citizens, packers, and stampeders, and two large hotels accommodated the traveling public. Wild eyed mule skinners and gents with gold in their pokes and a hankering for whiskey roared through the streets, and freight wagons, stage coaches, and pack trains clattered in from the dusty trails.

When Umatilla County was formed in 1862 Marshall Station, forty miles up the Umatilla River, was designated the county seat, but the seat was moved to Umatilla Landing in 1865, where it remained until 1868 when it was removed to Pendleton. In the years that followed Umatilla became the shipping point for large cargoes of grain from the eastern Oregon fields, but the Oregon Railway and Navigation line, constructed in the early eighties, diverted traffic and the town declined in importance as a port.


http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/exhibits/across/pendleton.html


The CRH, Eastern Oregon
Clarence E. Mershon. The Columbia River Highway: From the Sea to the Wheat Fields of Eastern Oregon. Portland: Guardian Peaks Enterprises. 2006. 1st Edition. 244

Umatilla to Pendleton
Google Earth Imagery: July 5, 2013
CLICK ON IMAGE TO ENLARGE

Oregon State Archives - A 1940 Journey Across Oregon:

HERMISTON, 215.5 m. [West of Ontario] (459 alt., 608 pop.), a tree shaded oasis, with irrigation canals running through its streets is in the Umatilla Irrigation Project. Artificial waterways have reclaimed from the desert the surrounding fields that produce crops of grain, vegetables and fruit and that stand out in startling contrast to the sagebrush. The town is the home of the Eastern Oregon Turkey Association, which ships thousands of birds annually, and it is well known for its desert honey. It was named for the Weir of Hermiston, written by Robert Louis Stevenson.

http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/exhibits/across/pendleton.html


Oregon State Archives - A 1940 Journey Across Oregon:

STANFIELD, 210 m. [West of Ontario] (204 pop.), center of a great sheep raising country, was named for the Stanfield family, owners of a nearby ranch.

http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/exhibits/across/pendleton.html

Portions of the original CRH are now the Echo Cemetery Road.

Echo Cemetery Road
Google Street View. Imagery Date: June 2012

Echo, Oregon
Clarence E. Mershon. The Columbia River Highway: From the Sea to the Wheat Fields of Eastern Oregon. Portland: Guardian Peaks Enterprises. 2006. 1st Edition. 251.

Oregon State Archives - A 1940 Journey Across Oregon:

 ECHO, 23 m.  [West From Pendleton] (636 alt., 311 pop.), is a wool and wheat shipping point, near the site of old Fort Henrietta, an early day army post.

http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/exhibits/across/pendleton.html

Oregon State Archives - A 1940 Journey Across Oregon:


At 8.3 m. [West From Pendleton] is HAPPY CANYON, an early-day settlement whose dance halls and gambling dens have been reproduced as a feature of the Pendleton Round-Up.

http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/exhibits/across/pendleton.html

"Seats of the Gods" near Barnhart Canyon, CRH along the Umatilla River approaching Reith.

Clarence E. Mershon. The Columbia River Highway: From the Sea to the Wheat Fields of Eastern Oregon. Portland: Guardian Peaks Enterprises. 2006. 1st Edition. 251.


On the Echo-Pendleton section in Umatilla County. Graded and Graveled during 1919 and 1920.
Clarence Mershon calls these cliffs the Seats of the Gods
Oregon State Highway Commission - 4th Biennial Report of the Oregon State Highway Commission Covering the Period December 1st, 1918 to November 30th, 1920
http://digital.lib.pdx.edu/oscdl/files/odot/pdx005t0003.pdf

Echo-Pendleton Section of the Old Oregon Trail
Booth, R. A, J. B. Yeon, W. B. Barratt, E. E. Kiddle, Herbert Nunn. Fifth Biennial Report of the Oregon State Highway Commission Covering the Period December 1, 1920 to November 30, 1922. Salem: State Printing Department. 1922.

Reith, Oregon 1944
Clarence E. Mershon. The Columbia River Highway: From the Sea to the Wheat Fields of Eastern Oregon. Portland: Guardian Peaks Enterprises. 2006. 1st Edition. 253.


Oregon State Archives - A 1940 Journey Across Oregon:

REITH, 2.7 m. [West From Pendleton] (979 alt., 44 pop.), Pendleton Railroad division point.

http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/exhibits/across/pendleton.html

Eastbound:
CLICK HERE to continue exploring the highway

Westbound:
CLICK HERE to continue exploring the highway
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