seven-virtues-and-sins

 
 

Reality RESTORED!!

 

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Virtues and Sins

 

Compiled by Bernie: of the family Brauer, from original source: Second Exodus 

 

 

The seven capital virtues are the roots from which all other virtues flow.

 

 

Seven Capital Virtues:                    Seven Capital Sins:

1.   Humility                                        1. Pride

2.   Liberality                                       2.  Avarice

3.   Brotherly Love                              3.  Envy

4.   Meekness                                     4. Wrath

5.   Chastity                                         5. Lust

6.   Temperance                                 6. Gluttony

7.   Diligence                                      7. Sloth     

 

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Virtue

 

A virtue is a good habit that enables us to act according to right reason, enlightened by faith.

It is a firm disposition to act according to God’s will and disregard the contrary impulses of our own will.

The Catholic Church teaches that there are fourteen basic moral virtues, of three types:

The three theological virtues are supernatural.

The four cardinal virtues are natural.

The seven capital virtues are the roots from which all other virtues flow.

Additional moral virtues are included among the Gifts of the Holy Spirit and the Fruits of the Holy Spirit.

There are also five intellectual virtues.

 

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Humility 

The capital virtue that recognizes our total dependence on God.

A humble person considering his own defects has a lowly opinion of himself and willingly submits himself to God and to others for God’s sake.

Humility is also opposed to immoderate self-abjection, which fails to recognize God’s gifts and use them according to His will.

Humility is one of the seven capital virtues. The others are liberality, brotherly love, meekness, chastity, temperance, and diligence. They are called capital because all the virtues we strive to practice are said to flow from these seven capital virtues. Humility is opposed to the capital sin of pride.

Humility is not the highest of the virtues. That honor, by tradition, belongs to the three theological virtues, faith, hope and particularly charity. However, humility is the first of the capital virtues because it is opposed to pride, the first of the seven capital sins.

 

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Liberality

 

Liberality is a spirit of generosity for a proper and worthy charity that may involve the donation of our time, our money, or other possessions.

Liberality is one of the seven capital virtues. The others are humility, brotherly love, meekness, chastity, temperance, and diligence. They are called capital because all the virtues we strive to practice are said to flow from these seven capital virtues. Liberality is opposed to the capital sin of avarice.

Liberality is completely different from the political philosophy of liberalism. Liberality is personal rather than social, and consistent with a well formed Catholic conscience.

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Brotherly Love

 

Brotherly love is happiness in response to another’s success. God commanded Lv 19:18, Mt 22:39 that we love one another. We are to treat even our enemies Mt 5:44 with brotherly love because we are all children of the same heavenly Father.

Jn 13:34 “Love one another; even as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all men will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”

Brotherly love is one of the seven capital virtues. The others are humility, liberality, meekness, chastity, temperance, and diligence. They are called capital because all the virtues we strive to practice are said to flow from these seven capital virtues. Brotherly love is opposed to the capital sin of envy.

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Meek

Meekness is a form of temperance that controls every inordinate resentment at another’s character or behavior. We approach meekness by cultivating patient thoughts.

Mt 5:5 “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.”

Meekness is one of the seven capital virtues. The others are humility, liberality, brotherly love, chastity, temperance, and diligence. They are called capital because all the virtues we strive to practice are said to flow from these seven capital virtues. Meekness is opposed to the capital sin of wrath.

Related to mild.

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Chastity
 
Chastity moderates desire for sexual pleasure, the body’s most imperious passion, according to principles of faith and right reason.

Chastity opposes acts or thoughts that are inconsistent with Church teaching about the use of our reproductive powers to prevent defilement of the soul.

Jesus said, Mk 7:21 “From within, out of the heart of man, come evil thoughts, fornication, theft, murder, adultery, coveting, wickedness, deceit, licentiousness, envy, slander, pride, foolishness. All these evil things come from within, and they defile a man.” St. Paul added, 1 Cor 3:16 “Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? If anyone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is holy, and that temple you are.”

The practice of chastity is control of our thoughts and discipline of our senses, especially the eyes. It is greatly assisted by modesty and purity.

Chastity is one of the seven capital virtues. The others are humility, liberality, brotherly love, meekness, temperance, and diligence. They are called capital because all the virtues we strive to practice are said to flow from these seven capital virtues. Chastity is opposed to the capital sin of lust.

The virtue of chastity is also one of the twelve fruits of the Holy Spirit.
 

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Temperance
Temperance is the virtue that moderates the desire for pleasure. It regulates every form of enjoyment that comes from the exercise of human volition, and includes all those virtues, especially humility, that restrain the inordinate movements of our desires or appetites.

In particular, temperance is the obverse of fortitude. Where fortitude limits rashness and fear in the case of major pain that threatens to unbalance human nature, temperance limits inordinate desire for major pleasures. Since pleasure follows from all natural activity, the most intense pleasure follows from the most natural activities, particularly the pleasures of food and drink, and of the marital act.

Temperance is one of the four cardinal virtues; the others are prudence, justice, and fortitude.

Temperance is also is one of the seven capital virtues. The others are humility, liberality, brotherly love, meekness, chastity, and diligence. They are called capital because all the virtues we strive to practice are said to flow from these seven capital virtues. Temperance is opposed to the capital sin of gluttony.

Temperance is also related to the virtue of continence.

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Diligence

The decision to fulfill all of the responsibilities in our vocation or state in life.

CCC 1700 “The dignity of the human person is rooted in his creation in the image and likeness of God; it is fulfilled in his vocation to divine beatitude. It is essential to a human being freely to direct himself to this fulfillment. By his deliberate actions, the human person does, or does not, conform to the good promised by God and attested by moral conscience.” Every human person has the vocation to divine beatitude, explained in Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount. Mt 5:3-12

In addition to this common vocation, we also have particular vocations depending on our state in life. In general, the husband is called to work for a living, participate in raising his family, and protect his home. The wife is called to bear children, to raise and educate them, and create a good home environment. The child is called to learn his lessons and help with household chores. Retired persons in adequate physical condition are called to contribute their time and accumulated knowledge and skills to the Church in particular and the community in general. Persons who suffer greatly from physical ailments are called to offer up their suffering in union with Christ’s suffering on the Cross.

Diligence includes suitable recreation, particularly on the Lord’s Day after Mass, after we have fulfilled our responsibilities.

Diligence is one of the seven capital virtues. The others are humility, liberality, brotherly love, meekness, chastity, and temperance. They are called capital because all the virtues we strive to practice are said to flow from these seven capital virtues. Diligence is opposed to the capital sin of sloth.

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Unrelated: See also Moving-Earth Deception by Bernie: of the family Brauer

 

 

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